Morality, Ethics, and the Death Penalty

Morality, Ethics, and the Death Penalty I.                   IntroductionThere are several queries which came up in my inquisitive mind and try to discover and comprehend what are the possible grounds that judiciaries are basing his/her verdict and judgment in sentencing death penalty to a defendant or the accused himself. Death penalty is the heaviest and most depressing sentence for the accused; thus, it ends his chances to change.

Come to think of it, the accused will not be given a chance to renew himself and become a better citizen in our country. Several countries around the globe are in favor to such act and even legalized it.Ethics developed when men began to study the motives behind their actions and the results of them. Since the time of Socrates in ancient Greece philosophers have devised many ethical systems.

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Theories center on several questions: 1) How did individuals get knowledge of good and evil? 2) What is the sanction, or authority, of morality? 3) What

reover, if in case death penalty will not be abolished, I would suggest that the judge must be careful in giving such punishment. They must review the death sentence they have given to the accused to avoid mistakes and spare the lives of the innocence. And for the legislators, they should think-through the laws they make.

They should not make laws which are always in favor in their race or color.                      References 1. Bailey, S. H.

, Harris, D. J., and Jones, B. L.

Civil Liberties: Cases and Materials. 2d ed., 2000.             London: Butterworths.

Standard legal textbook referring principally to British law.2. Bumiller, Kristin. The Civil Rights Society: the Social Construction of Victims.

Baltimore;        London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999. Concise scholarly study.3. Emerson, Thomas I.

, ed. Political and Civil Rights in the United States. 2 v. Boston: Little,     Brown, 1992, 2000.

Documents and court decisions on individuals’ rights.4. Freedom in the World: Political and Civil Liberties. 1999- .

Freedom House, New York.        Annual; reports on the status of political rights and civil liberties in 165 countries and 62 territories.5. Hurwitt, Malcolm, and Thornton, Peter.

Civil Liberty: the Liberty/NCCL Guides. 4th ed.             Harmondsworth: Penguin for the National Council for Civil Liberties, 2003. Most          important guide for British users.

6. Laqueur, Walter, and Rubin, Barty. The Human Rights Reader. 1999; 2001.

New York:        Temple; New American Library. Includes documents, international agreements, philosophical excerpts; 45-page bibliography.7. Meltzer, Milton.

The Human Rights Book. New York: Farrar, Straus ; Giroux, 1999. Brief   history, with review of conditions since the International Declaration of Human Rights.8.

“Human Rights: Death Penalty”.  Derechos Human Rights.http://www.derechos.

org/dp/9.  “Methods used to execute people”. Facts about capital punishment: Part 1: Data andTrends. Religious Tolerance.

org. http://www.religioustolerance.org/execut3.

htm#met10. “Present-Day Religious Group’s Policies Concerning the death Penalty”. OntarioConsultants on Religious Tolerance. Religious Tolerance.org).http://www.religioustolerance.org/execut7.htm;

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