Native Americans in U.S. History – worksheet questions and answers
1. List four factors that led to white encroachment on Indian lands in the time period 1840-1870.
The California Gold Rush, having been under Spanish and Mexican rule, and the Indian Removal Act (1830) that led to the Trail of Tears.2. Read about the “Sand Creek Massacre.” Why did it have such an impact on American public opinion? Because the massacre of these Indians was against the peace agreement and most of the victims were women and children so many were upset with this action.
3. Read about “The Battle of Little Big Horn.” Why was Custer there? What was the result of the battle? Custer was there trying to re-organize the reservation and trying to get on without the Native Americans permission. He lost terribly to the Native American army and many of his soldiers died.
4. Read about “Chief Joseph and the Nez Percï¿½.” Why is Chief Joseph’s story a particularly troubling one? Read “Chief Joseph’s I Will Fight No More Forever speech.
” In what ways is this speech indicative of the Native American psyche in the late 1870s? He tried to become one of the Native American hero’s and marched his Nez Perce people through the Northwest region.
They avoided many of the U.S armies and defeated most of the ones they fought, but ended up surrendering at the end since they were all tired. It represents how the Native Americans started to not be able to fight back because they felt that there was no point now because there were too many white settlers. They just wanted to make sure their families were safe.
5. What happened at Wounded Knee? Why is this battle significant? U.S Army tried to arrest Sitting Bull and other Sioux leaders. During this, Sitting Bull was shot and many others killed.
It’s significant because it’s said that the Army didn’t need to have used so much violence. It marked the last of the wars between the Americans and Indians and the Native American population was at its all time low.6. Overall, how did the Indian Wars affect U.
S. policy toward Native Americans in this period? It caused them to start improving the reservations to prevent the decrease of the Indian population. They wanted to stop the corruption of the officers in charge of the reservations and spread the American culture to the Indians. A group of teachers were sent to educate the Native Americans.
All this helped shape the Native American policy and the reforms continued on to be made better and they helped Indians be educated and live decently.Native American Primary Documents1. What group is discussed in the Dawes Severalty Act? The group being discussed is the Native Americans that are living U.S limits.
2. What must a Native American do in order to be granted citizenship in the United States? They must have been born in the U.S. or be a member of a tribe that is within the limits of the U.
S. that don’t affect other tribes not within the given limit.3. What can you infer to be the goals of the government? The goals of the government are to guarantee the Native Americans their legal rights and to make them be U.
S citizens so they follow the U.S rules. I think they are trying to allow the Native Americans to live on the land given to them , but under U.S law since they are now citizens and have to abide by the American laws.
4. What was the importance to Ah-nen-la-de-ni of the school changing his name? He felt like he had lost himself and that he was someone with his original name. By giving him a new name he had to get familiar with a new person in a way when had to get rid of all the things he had been with his old name. He felt that his original name connected him to his ancestors and who he was yet now his new name made him different and disconnected form his heritage.
The idea of being a part of his tribe was gone.5. What was the rule for speaking at the school? What happened if you broke it? The rule was the kids had to speak in English or not speak at all. If they broke that rule, they were either made stand in the hall for a long time or made to march around the yard while all the other kids played.
6. Looking at the pictures in Document 3, describe the differences between the individual on the right, and the one on the left: (They are photographs of the same individual). How does this reflect a change in government policy? The individual had to cut his hair, change the way he dressed and had to get rid of all the jewelry he wore. The government made the policy that the Native Americans had to change to dress and act like an American.
They educated the Native Americans of the American culture and made them adopt the American lifestyle and its ways. Rather then allowing them to carry on with their life on the given reservations, Americans made them change to live the way the Americans did and follow the American culture.7. What role did James Monroe see the American government having with respect to Native America? He felt that the government had noticed them, as a separate nation yet didn’t provide them the rights of one.
He saw the government in governing over them, helping educate their children’s and provide them with help till they could carry on without any help. He wanted the government to provide them land in which they could live on and give them the rights to own property in turn that they agree to having the government support them. He saw the American government allowing the Native Americans live the way they did with the government just helping them and looking over them in support of them.8.
Compare and contrast the ideas (points of view) concerning Native Americans given in documents 1 and 4. The Native Americans were all given the rights to education and the rights to be a citizen of the U.S. They all had to adhere to the ways of American law and in turn would be given the freedom guaranteed as a citizen.
Native Americans felt compelled to follow the American customs. In contrast though, in one of the documents, Native Americans were seen to be living their life the way they had been living but just under government rule. Yet in another document, they had to change they’re whole lifestyle to the ways of Americans. They had to speak English, which was hard for many Native American children.
In comparison, the government felt the need to help Native Americans and support them.9. Why did Standing Bear and his people object to having their hair cut? It was their custom to have long hair and felt that it was breaking an old tradition in agreeing to cut it.10.
What objections did Standing Bear have to the clothing his people were required to wear? He felt that the clothes restricted the amount of nature the body was exposed to. He felt that the Native American clothes were easier to breathe in compared to the American clothing style, which was heavy and absorbed all the sweat.11. Helen Hunt Jackson offers a scathing indictment of US policy toward Native Americans.
To what extent are her concerns valid? It’s valid to a good extent because she feels this is unfair and rude towards the Native Americans that the government is making them all citizens so that they don’t have to deal with their ways. She compares in giving all of them citizenship as in giving them all medicine regardless what symptom they have or to disease they have. In this comparison she shows that by giving them all a citizenship, the government is just trying to solve the problem without actually looking into it and trying to help out each Native American.12.
Had you been President during this time period, what (if anything) would you have done differently in regards to Native Americans? I would have given them citizenship the way it’s given presently in the U.S, and I would have allowed them to carry on with their own way of life without a problem. I would still educate them and see to it that they learn English so it would help them live better in U.S, but I would still allow them to speak their language.
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