The Paleolithic and Neolithic ages both had many great technological advances and were similar to each other that helped them economically. But they also differ in many ways. One example of this is the difference in the way people acted, in the Paleolithic age people acted savage and barbaric, while in the Neolithic age people acted more civilized and well mannered. One economical similarity is that agriculture played huge role in where people lived in both time periods. There are many similarities and differences, just like the ones I stated above.
One social difference is what they believe in. The People of the Paleolithic ages people believed that nature controlled everything. While in the Neolithic age people believed that god created and controlled everything. A political difference was the way they communicated was also different. In the Paleolithic age people communicated using gestures and objects. In the Neolithic age people became more advanced and developed a writing system and their own languages. Another difference was the civilization. During the Paleolithic age people were more nomadic.
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But during the Neolithic age people were settled and began to develop great civilizations like the Roman Empire or Kingdom of James VI in England in document 12. The biggest difference economically is how advanced the Neolithic age was compared to the Paleolithic. In document 7 Adam Smith said that they were more advanced because they have better developed skills, dexterity and judgment then people of the Paleolithic age. . One way they differed politically is that in the Neolithic age they had laws and a judicial system in place, while in the Paleolithic age they had no laws in place and no judicial system.
Everyone had to listen to the tribe leader and that was it. They also differed politically because in the Neolithic age they had things like Parliament that could over rule the king, but in the Paleolithic age they only had a tribe leader and nobody could stand against him. But with all those differences comes similarities. One social similarity they shared some ideas. Like in document 3, Marco Polo said that the Mongolians kept passing down tradition, from generation to generation. Another social similarity is the male dominance in society.
In both ages men did all the work and had all the power, while women had very little say and stayed home. One way they differed politically is that in the Neolithic age they had laws and a judicial system in place, while in the Paleolithic age they had no laws in place and no judicial system. Everyone had to listen to the tribe leader and that was it. Both ages had technological advances that helped them economically. They Paleolithic age they invented stone tools and in the Neolithic age they expanded upon that and started using iron tools. The tools helped them get valuable jewels and minerals that they would sell.
Another similarity is how they got their food. During both ages they would hunt and gather for their food. They would also use some of the animals they domesticated for food as food. One similarity is that both Time periods had some type of social class in order. They were similar politically because during both ages whether it was a tribe in the Paleolithic age or a kingdom in the Neolithic age there was always a leader in place. These are the social, political and economical similarities and differences. Both of these time periods shared ideas and differed on many ideas.