CMUN COMMITTEE: Disarmament and International Security Committee COUNTRY: Netherlands SCHOOL: Hiranandani Foundation School DELEGATES: Syed Sharique Ahmed and Aditya - Netherlands-Cyber Warfare introduction. A. Kumar TOPIC AREA: Cyber warfare The Kingdom of Netherlands expresses it deep concern of the rising problem of cyber warfare and regrets the rise of yet another form of warfare.
The Netherlands fully supports all international efforts for solving this major problem, reaffirms its readiness for a continuation active role and declares its position for a need able openness, cooperation and pragmatism that the international community can assist in a satisfactory conclusion to this problem. Cyber warfare is a threat not only to every individual country but also a threat to the world.
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Countries without advanced kinetic capabilities, hackers and other non-state actors can obtain the necessary equipment and – if they have no concern for the potential indirect consequences – use it at relatively low cost without needing an extensive military organisation. They are further abetted by the fact that aggressors are difficult to identify. In addition, cyberspace is characterised by offensive dominance: it is easier, faster and cheaper to attack a system than it is to defend it. This is partly because an aggressor can prepare an attack anonymously and exploit the element of surprise.
In all probability, however, there is no ‘first strike’ capability that can destroy an opponent’s defenses and its ability to retaliate using cyber or kinetic weapons. Finally, monitoring the use of cyber weapons is difficult to regulate. They are easy to hide and – unlike nuclear weapons – can be developed and tested in secret. Non-proliferation and standard-setting in this area are considered in section. The various forms of cyber attack include Espionage and national security breaches, Sabotage. Netherlands will be focusing the majority of its Cyber Warfare efforts in countering Cyber Espionage.
Given that this is probably the most tangible and widely represented cyber activity currently employed, we think this is a wise choice. Add that to the fact that the Netherlands is, by far, the most connected country in Europe (highest internet penetration in Europe with 83%; highest broadband internet penetration in the world with 68% of its connections at 5mbs or faster) it would probably be a safe assumption to say that our economy is critically interwoven with the Internet. In 2011 we realized that there was no mention of cyber warfare in the budget.
On recognizing that Cyber Warfare is an issue of great concern, we started interdepartmental development of a Cyber Security Strategy and also started actively participating in NATO initiatives on the subject. Recently, in 2011, a bill has been passed confirming the existence of the Defense departments’ own CERT (DEFCERT), and its responsibilities towards defending its networks. DEFCERT is growing and is expected to be fully operational in this year (2012). This year (2012) the Dutch Ministry of Defense (MoD) has published a crucial piece of Cyber Doctrine by publishing its Cyber Strategy.
During this introduction it was also asserted that over 90% of all attacks to Dutch military systems and networks was of Chinese origin. Netherlands has implemented these strategies which have six points. They are as following :- 1. Creating an integral and integrated approach; 2. Increasing digital resilience of the entire MoD (Cyber Defense); 3. Developing the capability to carry out cyber operations (Cyber Offense). It will be used if severely required ; 4. Reinforcing intelligence gathering in the digital domain (Cyber Intelligence); 5.
Increasing knowledge and innovative power of the MoD in the digital domain, including recruiting and keeping qualified personnel (“adaptive and innovative”); 6. Intensifying collaboration nationally and internationally. Internationally we have the following ideals:- •Creation of a Cyber Defense doctrine and implementation of a strategy; •Development of a Cyber Incident Response strategy; •Investigation of Cyber Intelligence Gathering and the legal ramifications thereof; •Establishment of bilateral communications and best practices with NATO and the CCDCOE in Tallinn, Estonia.
Focal points of the defensive strategy are the protection of information and information exchange, which we feel is a warranted and workable stance to take. Active Defense is generally accepted as being a term for an automated security system that automatically attacks whoever attacks a protected network or system. The idea is that for cyber defenses to have a viable chance against lightning-fast cyber attacks, the defenses need to be able to respond equally fast, and so automation is considered a necessity. Also special attention should given to the ‘digital resiliency’ during the purchase of any hard- or software.
Having high-quality, actionable intelligence is indeed critical to all areas so this is more or less expected Cyber Intelligence help in generating early warning capabilities, producing threat assessments, gathering intelligence and engaging in counter intelligence. Innovation is a crucial element of any corporation’s survival in the long term. In an environment so incredibly susceptible to change, and not to mention HOSTILE, being able to adapt and innovate is absolutely paramount. We believe in researching, developing knowledge, safeguarding it and spreading this information for better defense.
Laws regulating cyber fare should be improved according to their modern state and should be implemented with harshness. The Kingdom of Netherlands are calling upon fast and effective measures on the matter on the behalf of the international community and reaffirms its readiness to play an active role in it. We recognize the potential threat of cyber warfare and all its consequences. We would like to actively take part in solving this problem with our fellow nation and get rid of this problem as we have gotten rid of most others. If we successfully tackle this problem we reach a step closer to world peace.