No Child Left Behind legislation
This paper is written after a comprehensive research on the topic “No Child Left Behind legislation.” In the paper, I have discussed the topic and talked about the ways in which it has influenced education today, the pros and cons of this legislation and have ended it with a conclusoin stating whether federal control is needed in public schools or not.
No Child Left Behind legislation act was passed in 2001 and is abbreviated as NCLB and at times pronounced as nickelbee. This law was proposed by President George W. Bush in 2001, it is a US federal law and it is based on blueprint , was represented by John Boehner, George Miller, Judd Gregg and Edward Kennedy after which it was signed by President Bush. (NCELA, n.d.).
The basic reason to pass this law was to bring improvement in the performance of the primary and the secondary schools in the United States and to elevate the standards of the schools making sure that they are provides flexibility in choosing school for their children as well as to focus on reading and the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 was also re-authorized. This Act was introduced during the 107th Congress, was passed by the House of Representatives on May 23, 2001and was actually signed into law by on January 8, 2002.
The idea behind this was to reform education and to set high standards and to ensure that these goals can be measured and improved and the Act further states that the basic skills must be enacted in the students and schools must receive federal funding. Standards of education are set by every state keeping in mind the control over the schools. This Act also states that the schools must also provide the details of the students such as their name, phone number and address to the military recruiters and institutions of higher education and this must be done unless the parents of that child do not ask the school not to provide any details.
The measures of the act over its effectiveness were fervently debated after the Act was passed and it has also been criticized and the criticism actually was that effective instruction and student learning could be reduced. In support of this Act, it is said that systematic testing provides data and so they schools that do not teach the basic skills in an effective manner can be highlighted after which improvement can be made based on the evaluations and this would improve the outcomes for the students and will also minimize the gap of achievement that persists between the students who are disadvantaged in any way. (Kauchak, 2007).
At the time this law was implemented, the federal funding of education was increased by the Congress and the increase was from$42.2 billion in 2001 to $54.4 billion in 2007 while No Child Left Behind received a 40.4% increase from $17.4 billion in 2001 to $24.4 billion. Later, the funding for reading quadrupled from $286 million in 2001 to $1.2 billion. Federal control is needed in public schools because of the federal funding that is needed by the schools and in order to get this funding, it is necessary that the schools must have federal control.
The No Child Left Behind legislation has not much influcenced the education although it was meant to provide the people of the United States a better insight of education in order to make the education facilties available to each and every child in the United States no matter who he is. This is because in 2008, a study was carried out by the Department of Education that showed the No Child Left behind Act on which around a billion dollars were invested actually proved to be ineffective.
Kauchak, D.P. (2007). Introduction to Teaching: Becoming a Professional. 3rd Edn. Prentice Hall.
NCELA. (n.d.). Resources About the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. February 15th, 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/resabout/nclb/