Nuclear Proliferation Affecting The World in a Negative Way For the past thirty years, Iran and North Korea have been trying to develop and design a nuclear warhead, nowadays; American spies say that Iran has built a Uranium enrichment plant on Qum. Uranium enrichment is the hardest step in order to produce nuclear weapon, and North Korea has already tested nuclear weapons the past years. This is a way to prove that nuclear proliferation keeps increasing in the world and this could balance the world power in a negative way.
If states that are directly against each other keep increasing their nuclear arsenal, the world could be ruled or at least influenced by an unstable military power determined by actions made with nuclear weapons. By now, only the strongest military and economic nations possess nuclear warheads and these countries maintain good political and democratic relations between each others except India and Pakistan.
The fact that only this nations own nuclear weapons keep the world safe because they know that they will not use those weapons, however many nations such us Iran North Korea and Libya have been trying to obtain one for the past years. No matter what the U. N does, proliferation keeps increasing and new nations try to obtain nuclear warheads, in addition, the more nuclear bombs are in the world the easiest is to trade them among terrorist, in the past years several terrorist groups have been involved in trading nuclear arms in the black market.
This is why if Nations Like Iran, North Korea And Libya continue to try to produce nuclear energy to use it as bombs warheads the world’s security can became unstable, because “Only if we abolish nuclear weapons and permanently halt the nuclear power industry we can hope to survive,” and like this avoid terrorist bands which are one of the world’s biggest security concern to acquire nuclear arms from the black market.
After the after the United States of America entered the Second World war on September 7, 1941 and ended it dropping the first nuclear bomb ever built, the world ended up having two superpowers controlling the world in a bipolar way. The Soviet Union and USA were the only two nations that had nuclear warheads under their possession making them the most dangerous and military strongest countries on Earth. During the cold war, the United States and the USSR increased their nuclear arsenal at a rate that the whole world could be destroyed by it.
In addition to the Soviet Union and the United States of America, Great Britain was the third country having nuclear bombs by 1952 and successively, France, the Republic of China, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Israel, and North Korea. This could put the world into a very dangerous situation since, many states or nations without possession of this mass destruction weapons know about the capabilities they have and might want to obtain them in order to use them as a source of political power over the world.
Once the United States, Russia, Great Britain, France, and the Republic of China acquired nuclear weapons, the United Nations opened a Non Proliferation Treaty in 1968, whose objective is to prevent the construction of new nuclear weapon, the spread of weapons technology, to support cooperation in the use of peaceful nuclear energy and to strength the goal of achieving a nuclear disarmament. By now, a hundred eighty seven nations have signed the treaty including five countries that possesses nuclear arms.
There were three important countries that did not sign the treaty because they way on their way to produce nuclear arsenal, and a couple of years later Pakistan and India indeed tested some of their nuclear weapons. Moreover, North Korea withdrew from the Non Proliferation Treaty in January 2003 and worked in order to obtain nuclear warheads. This reflects on how the United Nations has tried unsuccessfully to stop nuclear proliferation, since only South Africa gave up all their entire nuclear arsenal they had. After all the efforts the U.
N has done to retain nuclear proliferation, two rogue nations, which are Iran and North Korea, have continued to prove their interest to acquire and construct nuclear war power. Libya, another nation that was considered an immediate threat for the United Nations because of their nuclear development plans had recently promised to end their bombing-make labors and the American government state that “ The Success of [Their] mission in Libya underscores the success of this administration’s broader nonproliferation efforts around the world” .
However of those two rogue nations North Korea is considered to be a bigger danger since unstable treaty which ended the Korean War didn’t eliminate the hostilities between the authoritarian regime of North Korean and the United States. Nevertheless, on 1994 Bill Clinton signed a treaty with North Korea that ended their plutonium production in exchange of energy supplies from the United States. This agreement ended when on October 2002, the assistant ecretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs, James A. Kelly, visited North Korea and stated that the visit was “frank but useful” and “raised, in a frank manner, our concerns on a full range of issues, including weapons of mass destruction, missile-development programs, missile exports, North Korea’s threatening conventional force posture, human rights failings and the dire humanitarian situation. Right after this, North Korea Withdrew form the Non Proliferation Treaty and was kicked out from the United Nations and expanded their nuclear-weapons program and the fourth of July, 2004 North Korea unsuccessfully tested their first nuclear warhead the Taepodong-2. Afterwards, on April 5, 2009, they launched a space booster, which was based o the long range Taepodong-2. Even though the missile launch was much mote successful than the one in 2006, the third stage of it failed to separate properly.
All this historic events show how the relations between the North Korea and basically all the nations in the earth are quite tense and the fact that they have nuclear bombs alarms the United Nations and the rest of the world. On the other hand, Iran was introduced to nuclear power by the United States after the Atoms for Peace program launched by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on the 5th of April 1957. Iran’s nuclear energy program made very little progress and was stopped during the Islamic Revolution on 1979.
Once the Islamic Revolution was over, Iran restarted their investigations and the International Nations feared that Iran was just focusing on onbtaining nuclear arsenal and not just energy. However, in 2007, the U. S inteligence stated that iran had stopped its nuclear arsenal program in 2003. Many nonproliferation experts agree on Iran’s ability to produce enriched uranium and some state that “Permitting Iran to become a nuclear weapon power, will not constitute a significant treat because it can be contained and deterged as the soviet union was during the cold war. Moreover, Iran’s nuclear ambitions raised concern two years ago when American spies discovered a quite large uranium-enrichment nuclear plant on the south of Iran’s capital Tehran. Iran, one of the 187 nations who singed the Non Proliferation Treaty, alleges that its atomic program is used just to achieve and generate eclectic power. That March, the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) censured Tehran’s nuclear plant since it was hiding some of its nuclear plans.
Furthermore a couple of revelations for the American government during September 2009 affirm that Iran’ has built a second uranium enrichment plant besides the holy city of Qom, which was constructed under the radar of international inspectors. Consequently, ending with North Korea’s and Iran’s will be a tough job and involves convincing them two that there’s no need of having nuclear arsenal to defend themselves, as some experts say, “there is going to have to be some kind of security assurance that the United States isn’t going to invade Iran and overthrow its government.
That is the center of the discussion with North Korea as well. ” The fact that nations such as Iran, North Korea are developing nuclear arsenal without the permission of the United Nations is increasing the number of nuclear bombs in the world, which makes it harder to keep track of them and to know who has control over them.
Consequently, one of the biggest United Nations concern is terrorism. Terrorisms is besides war, one the world biggest security problem, and with the increase of nuclear arsenal among the countries in the world makes it easier for the most extreme and insane terrorist organizations such Al-Qaeda could obtain at least one nuclear bomb by trading them with any of the new nuclear power nations.
Not so long ago, on December 19, 2003 the father of Pakistan’s atomic bomb Abdul Qadeer Khan’s Black market in nuclear weapons and materials was discovered when the Libya told Great Britain and The United States that they would end their nuclear arms development plans. Even though that any country in Africa has not developed any nuclear weapon or has the technology to produce them, “it was found to have imported numerous key components including sophisticated centrifuges needed to enrich uranium into fuel for bombs” .
The fact that a terrorist group cold get nuclear arms to use as a source to get power from states and like this cause the panic among the international nations. In addition if there is someone that is likely to drop a nuclear bomb, those are the terrorist groups since they are capable of doing anything in order to abtain what they want All this information reflects how states producing nuclear power without authority from the United Nations or the IAEA can help terrorist bands to acquire nuclear arms.
In conclusion, not only the increase of nuclear weapons but also the increase of the number of nations capable of obtaining nuclear power makes the United Nations worried about proliferation since not just countries can obtain nuclear warhead but also terrorist groups can. And in addition, terrorist groups are the most dangerous people that can handle nuclear weapons because no one knows when they are going to use it and it is also very hard to hit them back. Bibliography French W. Howard, http://www. nytimes. om/2002/10/08/world/us-envoy-angers- north-korea. html? scp=1=bush+accuses+north+korea=nyt , Tuesday, October 8 Thomas. J Colin, http://www. iaea. org/NewsCenter/Focus/cqr_proliferation. pdf, CQ press. 2, April 2004. Braziller, George, Arms Control, Disarmament, and National Security: Edited by Donald G. Brennan 1961 Bentley, Judith. The nuclear Freeze Movement: Franklin Watts New York 1984. Sanger E. David and William J. Broad, http://www. nytimes. com/2009/12/01/world/middleeast/01iran. html? _r=1=6=iran=cse