Study One Outline Over the next three weeks we will look into a few aspects of Pilate’s life. This week we will be looking at the area under Pilates command, and what Role pilate played in the government in Judea. Then over the next couple of weeks we will look into the life of Pilate, and then the important role he played into the death of Jesus, and how it played into the Passover. Introduction to Pontius Pilate 5th Governor Roman – Appointed by Rome and was not Jewish Valerius- Pilate succeeded him in his reign. Not much in the bible about him, so one must look at historical sources
Josephus. A Jewish historian Other historians at the time. Thesis: The study we are about to embark on will attempt to provide information necessary to understand Pilate and what he was faced with in the sentencing of Christ to death. Judea Romans had little sympathy for the Jews most-accursed, people born to be slaves. 3rd class providence. Not important. Revenue Expansion Syria. Bordered Had 3 legions of Roman soldiers Judea was very small 160 km long 70 km wide Jerusalem Capital center of religious life Role as Governor Served 11 years Was in charge of military Conclusion
While we cannot make a biography about Pilate, we can study the area where he reigned, and some of the decisions that he made. Next week we get to look into Pilate as a person. Was he a real person? After that is established we will try to understand who he was. BIBLIOGRAPHY Carson, D. A. , and Douglas J. Moo. An Introduction to the New Testament. 2d ed. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2005. Carter, Warren. Pontius Pilate: Portraits of a Roman Governor. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2003. Feldman, Steven, and Nancy E. Roth. “The short list: the New Testament figures known to history. Biblical Archaeology Review 28, no. 6 (November 1, 2002): 34-37. Kammer, Miriam. “Romanization, rebellion and the theatre of ancient Palestine. ” Ecumenica 3, no. 1 (March 1, 2010): Kraeling, Carl Hermann. “The episode of the Roman standards at Jerusalem. ” Harvard Theological Review 35, no. 4 (October 1, 1942): 263-289. Lea, Thomas D. , and David A. Black. The New Testament: Its Background and Message. 2d ed. Nashville, TN: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 2003. Study Two Outline Last week we gave a small introduction into the life of the Roman Governor Pontus Pilate.
This week we get to really dive into who he was as a person. Pilate was a real person Often when looking at Christianity as a religion, people want proof was this person real? Did this really happen? Block of Lime Stone Inscription Coins Bronze coins 29/30 30/31 and 31/32 CE Though there are small amounts of Archeological evidence to show Pilate was a real person, there is a lack of Historical documentation There is nothing known about his birth or early life There is also very little known about his career before Judea, although we can make a few assumptions based on his command
Pilate would have been a Roman Citizen He would have had Military experience Marriage Through the Bible What is known The Bible All four Gospels have an account of the Crucifixion The Early Church Nicene Creed Apollo’s Creed Crucified under Pilate Josephus Wrote about the crucifixion, but nothing added to the account that we don’t already know. However Josephus gives us insight to Pilate’s relationship with the Jews he sent forth a cohort from the military to establish themselves in Jerusalem Signs and images didn’t sit well with the people in Jerusalem here were protests for five days, and on the sixth day Pilate ordered the execution of protestors Pilate decided he would construct a water supply, hoping to satisfy the Jews Took money from Temple treasury Jews considered it God’s money When Pilate visited the construction site there were protestors. Ordered soldiers to blend in When tensions rose, they took out weapons, and many died there was a false prophet in Samaria was to show the sacred vessels that were supposedly to have been buried by Moses on Mt. Gerizim Soldiers blocked the way, and a fight ensued Prisoners were taken by Pilate and later executed
Due to amount of deaths Samaritan leaders went to Syria and complained. This lead to the dismissal of Pilate. Tradition has it that Pilate later commits suicide in disgrace Pilate’s life as a whole may be a mystery to many, but as seen today there are historical writings that help us understand who Pilate was. Also seen today was the rocky relationship between the Jews and Pilate. This gives un an interesting insight into the crucifixion. We know Pilate tried to please the Jews, and we know that the religious leaders were not fond of him. Next week we will take a look at the crucifixion, and the trial of Jesus.
As noted earlier Pilate played a role in this, but how does his role compare to Passover? Next week we will look into that, and I will show that Pilate’s role is an important one. Bibliography Bond, H. K. `The Coins of Pontius Pilate: Part of an Attempt to Provoke the People or to Integrate them into the Empire? ‘, United Kingdom. Journal for the Study of Jerusalem 1996. Bond, H. K.. Caiaphas: friend of Rome and judge of Jesus? Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2004. Josephus, Flavius. “Antiquities of the Jews – Book XVIII. ” Christian Classics Etheral Library. http://www. cel. org/j/josephus/works/ant-18. htm. Lea, Thomas D. , and David A. Black. The New Testament: Its Background and Message. 2d ed. Nashville, TN: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 2003. Lemonon, J. P. Pilate et le gouvernement de la Judee: textes et monuments, Etudes bibliques, Gabalda, Paris, 1981. Philo. “On the Embassy to Gaius. ” Early Christian Writings. http://www. earlychristianwritings. com/yonge/book40. htm Scott, J. Julius. Jewish Backgrounds of the New Testament. 2d ed. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2000. Study Three Outline Over the past couple of weeks we have been looking at Pilate.
Pilate is the man that ultimately gave the orders to have Jesus crucified. This week we are going to look at the crucifixion and how it compares to passover. In doing so we will also look at why Pilate had to play a role in the death of Christ. The Passover lamb. The Gospel of John portrays Jesus as the passover lamb What is Passover? 10th day of Nissan a yearly lamb is selected and is inspected for four days. The feast of Passover is observed on the 14th day of Nissan Why is that important? Remember is is John who portrays this as a passover, and later in Corinthians that Paul considers Christ as the passover lamb.
The inspection. Matthew 22 The Pharisees and Sadducees wanted to trap Jesus in his words, so they went asked him a multitude of questions. in the end they could not trap him, so after that day they quit asking questions Pilate We may know the account, and we can read it from our Bibles, but look closely and you can again see that Pilate found Jesus blameless. Even then he gives the People a choice the blameless Jesus of Nazareth or the murderer Barabbas. As it was custom Jewish or Roman Some evidence that it appeared during Hasmonean Dynasty. The death
In trying to appease the crowd, and get off of the hook, Pilate give the crowd a choice. Barabbas or Jesus. Barabbas- in Hebrew Son of the father After the crowd chooses Barabbas over Jesus, Pilate washes his hands Ceremonial Cleansing before the passover as the high Priest would have to be clean. He gives the order to have Christ crucified. As seen in previous lessons Pilate was not a nice person Money from the temple Execution of the protestors So why wash his hands? though he may not have done it for ritual cleansing, the writers of the gospel thought it was important to put it Conclusion
Pilate was a man who loved power, and was hated by the people of Judea. His reign over Judea was ruthless. Executed many, but when it came to Jesus he washed his hands. Remember, Barabbas as well, as we are like him a sinner unclean, but the Passover lamb Jesus Christ atoned us so that we could be sons of the Father. Bibliography Avery, Brent. Passover Seder. Oklahoma City, Ok: Maranatha Evangelistic Ministries, 2012. Chavel, Charles B. The Releasing of a Prisoner on the Eve of Passover in Ancient Jerusalem. Journal of Biblical Literature , Vol. 60, No. 3 (Sep. , 1941), pp. 273-278. Hoskins, Paul M. Deliverance from death by the true Passover lamb: a significant aspect of the fulfillment of the Passover in the Gospel of John. ” Journal Of The Evangelical Theological Society 52, no. 2 (June 1, 2009): 285-299. Josephus, Flavius. “Antiquities of the Jews – Book XVIII. ” Christian Classics Etheral Library. http://www. ccel. org/j/josephus/works/ant-18. htm. Lea, Thomas D. , and David A. Black. The New Testament: Its Background and Message. 2d ed. Nashville, TN: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 2003. Scott, J. Julius. Jewish Backgrounds of the New Testament. 2d ed. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2000.