Personality Assessment and Theories Essay
There are four main theories of personality - Personality Assessment and Theories Essay introduction. Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Trait and Social Learning are these traits. Psychodynamic personality can be determined by personal interviews and projective tests. This theory of personality revolves around unconscious thoughts, feelings, motives, and conflicts. It also brings up problems that are repressed from early childhood. Humanistic theory also uses personal interviews to assess it along with objective tests. This personality theory works with the drive toward personal growth and higher levels of functioning.
The trait theory of personality is the only one that uses one method of assessing, this method is solely objective tests. The roots of this personality theory are relatively permanent dispositions within the individual that causes the person to think, feel, and act in characteristic ways. Last, but not least is the social learning theory of personality. This theory can be assessed by interviews, observations, and objective tests (Morris & Maisto, 2005). Now, you might be asking what the difference between a projective test and an objective test is.
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Well a projective test is a personality test that consists of unstructured or ambiguous material. An example of this would be the Rorschach inkblot test. An objective test is more structured; it is administered and scored in a standard way (Morris & Maisto, 2005). There are always shortcomings with both tests. With an objective test, one of the biggest problems is that if someone does not know themselves well, or answers falsely, then the test will not be accurate. Another issue with the objective test is that since it is so standard, if one recognizes the test, then that may affect their response.
When it comes to a projective test, the biggest drawback is that the accuracy of the test depends on the expertise of the person giving the test (Morris & Maisto, 2005). The online test that was taken, in my opinion, was an objective test. I feel that it was very standardized. Instead of coming up with an answer myself, the test gave me a multiple choice. Other than that, I have seen this test and have taken it before. My results were that I have an INFJ personality. The website given by the school did not provide much information on what the traits of this personality were so I used another website.
According to Aisys (1997), this is the rarest personality type. Some of the characteristics of this personality are private, sensitive, quiet leaders, and very independent. They are known to be great dreamers as well as “doers”. The INFJ personality is hard to get to know, they are very selective on who they trust, and are very secretive. I find this personality to suit me completely. I believe that as long as the test taker is honest with themselves, then the conclusion will always be accurate.
Aisys. (1997). Dolphin Cove, Retrieved from http://www.infj.org/public/infjcharacter.html Morris, C.G., & Maisto, A.A. (2005). Psychology: An Introduction.