Practical Health and Safety When with Children

Health and safety symbols on children’s toys and equipment’s This symbol means that it’s not suitable for a child under the age of 3 years. Adults must supervise the child at all times so that a child does not choke on it due to small parts. Warning In order to avoid danger of suffocation please make sure that bags and wrappers are kept far away from babies and young children at all times.

Adults should keep the play area tidy and clean at all times so that babies and young children stay safe from harmful products and parts. This symbol means that the toy meets the European Safety Standards. The symbol is used by the toy manufacturers to show that it meets the relevant consumer safety. This symbol means that it has been made by the member of the British Toy and Hobby Association for safe and quality toys. It is called the lion mark. The symbol helps to identify toys that are safe for children to use.

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This symbol means that it has been taking into consideration as a sign for its reliability and safety. The Kitemark is awarded by the British Standards institution. Warnings: When given a baby or a toddler toys adults should make sure the toy is the right size for the child, and there aren’t any sharp or choking hazard parts as this could cause unnecessary accidents and falls. Similarly age restrictions applies to some toys as each child develops at different stages so therefore adults should take into account of their child’s ability.

Toys should be checked on a regular base to ensure that the toy has not developed any sharp edges or broken parts as this could cause a child some harm. Babies and toddlers tend to chew and suck toys that have been given to them, similarly it is very important to ensure they are kept clean from bacteria and disease at all times as this could cause death to a child. 1. 2 Health and safety instructions on cleaning materials which may be found in the house: Warning:

When using cleaning products it is best to avoid using it without protective gloves as this is harmful to the skin and it causes irritation and if swelled it can be poisons. * Keep out of the sight and reach of children * Avoid contact with eyes, if in case of contact with eyes straightaway rinse with plenty of warm water and if irritation persists seek medical advice. This sign means that the product is harmful and it causes irritation and it is dangerous. * Keep out of the reach of children Not breath and spray near children * Avoid contact with eyes rise immediately with plenty warm water; seek medical advice if irritant persists. This sign means that the product cause’s Corrosive substances attack on human tissue on contact. * Keep out of the reach of children * Seek medical advice Caution: This sign means that the product is poisonous and should be kept out of reach of children. Avoid contacted with eyes and rinse immediately with warm water. 1. Identify health and safety rules, guidelines or instructions when taking out children into the street or park | Safety rules| Or safety guidelines | When taking children into the street | * Follow outings policy * Adult to child ratio * Name badges * Appropriate supervision * Clear instructions * First Aid Kit | * Helping children to look before cross the road/street * Highly visibility vest * Walking in pairs * Risk assessment| When taking children to the park| * clear nstructions * Follow outings instructions * Name badges * Appropriate supervision * Adult to child ratio * First Aid Kit| * Before children get on equipment’s check its safety first * Walking in pairs * Always wear highly visibility vest * Child age appropriate park and friendly * Carry out risk assessment | 2 List potential hazards to young children in the home:

Hazards/task| Risk to the child| Safety equipment needed and ways to reduce the chance of children being injured or becoming seriously ill| Trailing wires and cables| Stumbling up or getting the cord round the child’s leg or neck and might being strangled and hurt themselves| Tidy the wires by using cable tidyAlways have wires and cables behind furniture’s so that child cannot see it| Stairs | A child can drop down or trip over toys that has been lying around on the stairs | Put in hardware mounted gates at the top and bottom of your stairs.

This means gates are mounted with screws into wall studs or railings. | Cabinets , drawers and closet| A child might put things in their mouth and choke from potential hazards and poisons. Also a child might pull out sharp knives, plastics bags and batteries that might harm them| Install latches on any cabinet, drawer or closet that contains potential hazards.

Hazards may include medicines, household cleaners, sharp knives, glass items, plastic bags, magnets, batteries, choking hazards Put a childproof latch installed on every drawers and cabinets | Electrical cookers and pans| Child might drag drawers out and pans fall onto themselves or may touch the heat and can burn| By using a cooker guard it will prevent a child from touching or pull heat and pans| Laundry Area | A child might fall and trip on clothes around the machine area and also they might suffocate on clothes and water| Put laundry drops locked with childproof locks| Child’s Room/Bedroom| Child might trip on tables or bed legs and hurt themselves, they may also head their heads on the child changing table| Have child’s changing table with a safety belt so that they don’t fall from the table | Door toilets| A child might hurt their hands and fingers if the doors close on them. A child might suffocated on water | Use door and toilet lid latches to keep toddlers from accessing standing water in bathrooms and around the home. Also, swimming pools should always have four-sided child safety fences surrounding them| 2. 3 Identify safety equipment or controls which help to keep young children safe: When going out for a walk: * Cross roads safely Put up reins-to stop very young children from running away * High-visibility vest — this will help motorists to spot or see children from a distance * First Aid Kit * A reflective name stickers or badges this helps children to be identify in the dark * Walking in pairs * Adult to children ratio When in a car: * A seat belt or a safety straps, it stops a child from getting into an accident * Car child lock – this stops a child from falling out of a car if they should open the door * A suitable car seats – helps child from injury * A symbol of child on board In a children’s playground: * Adult supervision * Unsafe playground equipment * Litter and dog toilet area messes * Appropriate clothing for children, so that child does not get caught on any equipment 3. List fire safety equipment that is recommended to be in a house * Fire blanket * Working smoke alarm * Fire extinguisher * Working telephone * Hose reel cabinet * First Aid Kit * Well fitted fireguard 3. 2 List possible fire hazard to young children and adults in the house * Cooking * Gas and coal fires * Cigarettes * Candles * Sockets * Heating * Microwave ovens * Toaster * Matches/lighters 3. 3 identify own action to maintain a young child’s safety if there was fire in the house: * Get the child out quickly and safely * Close the doors and putout blankets to stop smoke getting into the room * Call the emergency service * Do not go back to the house until advised to do so

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