Prenatal and Postpartum Scenario Sorie Conteh PSY/280 August 12, 2012 Adams James
Memo To: Pregnant and Postpartum Women From: Developmental Psychologist Subject: Prenatal and Postpartum Activities Date: November 8th, 2012 Most pregnant woman imagine how their developing fetus looks like, what the developing fetus is doing at a particular point, and aspire to deliver a healthy baby. Most important, many prenatal and postpartum women are eager to know what she can do to help deliver a healthy baby and how to care for the newborn. Here are some advices and activities offered to a prenatal, postpartum, and future development of a child includes healthy foods, consumption of adequate water, exercise, medication awareness, and emotions. One of the important factors that will positively affect the developing fetus is nutritional habit of the mother. Nutritional status with consumption of healthy food is the driving force behind attaining a healthy baby. A prenatal and postpartum woman would be advised to cultivate the habit of consuming healthy food because malnutrition in early state of pregnancy can affect the embryo’s ability to survive and poor nutrition in latter half of the pregnancy can affect the growth of the fetus.
As noted in the text also that “prenatal care reduces the incidence of low birthweight, which is associated with poor nutrition, multiple births, and drug use” (Berger, 2010 p. 71). Examples of food incudes low fat milk, pasta, fruits, cereals, rice, and vegetables. Energy is needed for the ability of pregnant woman to carry the fetus, care for the newborn, and the source of the energy is from calories consumed. According to American Pregnancy Association, good hydration is extremely important for a healthy pregnancy and postpartum period. During pregnancy blood volume will increase and water is necessary for this process. Also to create sufficient environment for fetus in the womb, which is called amniotic fluid, adequate consumption of water is needed. A pregnant woman would be advised to drink eight to ten glasses of water per day, and this excludes soda, coffee, or tea. A well balanced and healthy diet with adequate water intake is very significant for prenatal and postpartum woman. Another important factor is doing daily activities as tolerated. Exercise in moderation, and incorporate stretching lower and upper extremities with rest period. Also monitor daily weight daily and notify physician if any critical change. The pregnant woman will be encouraged to practice deep breathing exercises and this can be used to minimize anxieties and promote energy. This will also prepare the pregnant woman for proper fitness and endurance during delivery and caring for the newborn. These regimens mentioned will minimizes fatigues both on the mother and the developing fetus.
A prenatal and postpartum woman will be advised to avoid taking medication including over the counter. The notion behind this is that some medications have chemicals that can inhibit growth and development during critical period. As noted on the text, “a critical period is a time when certain things must occur for normal growth and development” (Berger, 2010 p. 5). To prevent any disruption of growth and development take only medications prescribe by your practitioner or gynecologist. Emotions rise during prenatal and postpartum period. Emotion can be manifested by frequent changes of emotional state, and some women may develop postpartum depression. According to Berger postpartum depression is a sense of sadness and inadequacy felt by some new mothers in the days and weeks after giving birth. The necessary tools will be provided to support these women, and information about this feeling sometime result from hormonal changes to the body. Also develop realistic goals and plans for parenting a child that went through healthy developmental metamorphosis. Prenatal and postpartum care is essential for the future development of a child. Proper care and maintenance of a healthy pregnancy can produce a healthy baby and all the tools needed to care for the newborn.
References American Pregnancy Association (2012). Retrieved from: http://www.americanpregnancy.org/ Berger, K.S. (2010). Invitation to the Life Span. Retrieved from: https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/content/eBookLibrary2/content/DownloadList.aspx