Explain what is meant by equality
Equality is about treating people in a way that is appropriate to their individual needs. Every person should be treated as a unique individual and regardless of their difference should be given equal access, equal opportunities to achieve and develop and treated with equal concern.
Explain what is meant by inclusion
Inclusion is a human right for every individual. It is about embracing differences between individual and groups and making provision to ensure that, regardless of these differences, there are no hindrances or barriers up that prevent them from having equal chances and opportunities to participate and feel like they belong. In my setting regardless of the activity that is taking place all children are given equal opportunities to participate. If a child wishes to do dance, football or dress up as a fairy- it doesn’t matter if they are male, female, if their home language is not English or if they have a disability all provision is made to ensure they can participate if they choose to.
Describe the potential effects of discrimination
Discrimination is about recognising and seeing differences in an individual or group of people and choosing to show prejudice or bias because of this difference. This kind of treatment can have detrimental effects on an individual that can be long lasting. These effects can be physical, emotional or both. Discrimination could affect a person’s self self-esteem and self confidence. They may also become withdrawn, anxious, stressed, fearful, depressed or angry. They may also feel unwanted, isolated, insecure or unable to cope. Discrimination can also lead to violent outbursts and other behavioural problems. Physically, discrimination can lead to poor appetite, sickness, difficulty communicating, sleeplessness, a loss/gain of weight and deterioration in health Children who are discriminated against are denied the advantages that others have so their chances of fulfilling their full potential are reduced. They might also not progress as well as others or experience success in their lives.
This could be as a result of their self-esteem being reduced and their motivation to learn might also be reduced. Discrimination is a denial of rights and is contrary to the values and practices of working with children and young people. No child or young person’s well-being or learning opportunities should be restricted by any forms of discrimination or prejudices.
Explain how inclusive practice promotes equality and supports diversity All settings should aim for inclusion because of the role it plays in promoting equality, supporting diversity.
- Acknowledging that there are barriers that hinder children and families from participating in what a setting has to offer but also working towards breaking down those barriers. When barriers are removed and both the children and their families are made to feel involved and a part of the setting this makes way for equality of opportunity and fosters the right attitudes towards diversity.
- Making it possible for every child or and young person to have equal opportunities to achieve their full potential, regardless of their differences.
- Ensuring that a diverse range of children and their families are given the opportunity to participate in the setting. In addition, inclusive practises may help to reduce the likelihood of discrimination and will encourage mutual respect. This may have an impact on the wider society, as these children who taught in an inclusive setting, will hopefully grow up with the mindset that everyone is equal and that they themselves have as much right to opportunities as anyone else Inclusive practices also teach children from an early age to value diversity and treat others equally so that they can grow to make a positive contribution in society.