We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

See Pricing

What's Your Topic?

Hire a Professional Writer Now

The input space is limited by 250 symbols

What's Your Deadline?

Choose 3 Hours or More.
Back
2/4 steps

How Many Pages?

Back
3/4 steps

Sign Up and See Pricing

"You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy"
Back
Get Offer

Pronunciation and Spelling in English

Hire a Professional Writer Now

The input space is limited by 250 symbols

Deadline:2 days left
"You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy"
Write my paper

& # 1051 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1053 ; & # 1043 ; & # 1042 ; & # 1054 ; & # 1043 ; & # 1059 ; & # 1052 ; & # 1040 ; & # 1053 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1058 ; & # 1040 ; & # 1056 ; & # 1053 ; & # 1067 ; & # 1049 ; & # 1050 ; & # 1054 ; & # 1051 ; & # 1051 ; & # 1045 ; & # 1044 ; & # 1046 ; & # 1059 ; & # 1063 ; & # 1056 ; & # 1045 ; & # 1046 ; & # 1044 ; & # 1045 ; & # 1053 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1071 ; & # 1054 ; & # 1041 ; & # 1056 ; & # 1040 ; & # 1047 ; & # 1054 ; & # 1042 ; & # 1040 ; & # 1053 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1071 ;

& # 171 ; & # 1052 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1053 ; & # 1057 ; & # 1050 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1049 ; & # 1043 ; & # 1054 ; & # 1057 ; & # 1059 ; & # 1044 ; & # 1040 ; & # 1056 ; & # 1057 ; & # 1058 ; & # 1042 ; & # 1045 ; & # 1053 ; & # 1053 ; & # 1067 ; & # 1049 ; & # 1051 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1053 ; & # 1043 ; & # 1042 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1057 ; & # 1058 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1063 ; & # 1045 ; & # 1057 ; & # 1050 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1049 ; & # 1059 ; & # 1053 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1042 ; & # 1045 ; & # 1056 ; & # 1057 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1058 ; & # 1045 ; & # 1058 ; & # 187 ;

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Pronunciation and Spelling in English
Just from $13,9/Page
Get custom paper

& # 1047 ; & # 1042 ; & # 1059 ; & # 1050 ; & # 1054 ; & # 1041 ; & # 1059 ; & # 1050 ; & # 1042 ; & # 1045 ; & # 1053 ; & # 1053 ; & # 1067 ; & # 1045 ; & # 1057 ; & # 1054 ; & # 1054 ; & # 1058 ; & # 1042 ; & # 1045 ; & # 1058 ; & # 1057 ; & # 1058 ; & # 1042 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1071 ;

& # 1042 ; & # 1040 ; & # 1053 ; & # 1043 ; & # 1051 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1049 ; & # 1057 ; & # 1050 ; & # 1054 ; & # 1052 ; & # 1071 ; & # 1047 ; & # 1067 ; & # 1050 ; & # 1045 ;

& # 1055 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1084 ;

& # 1052 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1082 ; , 2008

Pronunciation and Spelling in English

Self-study and schoolroom usage

& # 1057 ; & # 1054 ; & # 1057 ; & # 1058 ; & # 1040 ; & # 1042 ; & # 1048 ; & # 1058 ; & # 1045 ; & # 1051 ; & # 1048 ; : & # 1043 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1045 ; . & # 1040 ; . , & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1081 ; & # 1092 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1080 ; ;

& # 1050 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1070 ; . & # 1042 ; . , & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1081 ; & # 1092 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1080 ; .

& # 1055 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1097 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1093 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1078 ; & # 1072 ; .

& # 1044 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1102 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1102 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1093 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1093 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1081 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1077 ; , & # 1091 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1078 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1096 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1103 ; , & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1078 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1100 ; . & # 1052 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1081 ; , & # 1090 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1081 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1097 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1093 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1103 ; .

& # 1056 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1055 ; & # 1062 ; & # 1050 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1081 ; & # 1092 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1080 ; .

& # 1055 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1083 ; & # 8470 ; 3 & # 1086 ; & # 1090 ; 14 & # 1086 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1103 ; 2008 & # 1075 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1072 ; .

1. The Syllable. The Principles of Syllable Division

The nature of the syllable

Syllable formation in English is based on the phonological resistance vowel-consonant. Vowels are normally syllabic while consonants are non with the exclusions of [ cubic decimeter ] , [ m ] , [ n ] , which become syllabic in concluding place preceded by a consonant or between two concluding consonants: bottle[ |B & # 594 ; thallium ] , underside[ |B & # 594 ; thulium ] , button[ |B & # 652 ; tn ] .

A syllable is a address unit which consists of a sound or a group of sounds one of which is heard more outstanding than the others.

This sound is the extremum or the karyon of the syllable and is called syllabic ( vowels and sonorants are normally syllabic ) .

The English linguistic communication has developed the closed type of a syllable as the cardinal one piece in Russian it is the unfastened type that forms the footing of syllable formation.

The other facet of this constituent is syllable division. There is a job of syllable division in instance of intervocalic consonants and their bunchs, like in such words as metropolis, excess, standing and others.

Let us see the word supernumerary.There are two syllables but where should the boundary between them fall?

1 ) [ e-kstr & # 601 ; ] . It is unlike that people would choose for a division between [ e ] and [ kstr & # 601 ; ] because there are no words in English which begin with harmonic sequence [ kstr ] .

2 ) Similarly, a division between [ ekstr ] and [ & # 601 ; ] would be unnatural.

3 ) [ ek-str & # 601 ; ] , [ eks-tr & # 601 ; ] , [ ekst-r & # 601 ; ] are possible. Peoples normally prefer either of the first two options here, but there is no obvious manner of make up one’s minding between them.

In some instances we may take into history the morphemic construction of words. For illustration, standingconsists of two syllables ; on phonemic evidences [ |st & # 230 ; n-dI& # 331 ; ] , on grammatical evidences [ |st & # 230 ; nd-I& # 331 ; ] .

Syllable division regulations for simple words and parts

ofcompoundwords

Vowel Intersyllabic sounds Boundary Examples Notes
I. Short stressed a ) individual consonant within the consonant

[ le & # 601 ; Ns ]

[ R & # 305 ; m ]

B ) consonant bunch between the consonants

[ ek1|s2|t3|r & # 601 ; ]

[ w & # 305 ; n|d & # 601 ; & # 965 ; ]

[ R & # 305 ; & # 331 ; |kl ]

In instance of intervocalic bunchs we use the distributional standard: the combination of consonants belongs to the following syllable, if such combinations are typical of English.
II. Short unstressed, long, diphthong a ) individual consonant before the consonant

[ mel & # 601 ; |d & # 305 ; ]

[ K: |n & # 601 ; ]

[ le & # 305 ; |bl ]

B ) consonant bunch maximally near to the vowel

[ & # 601 ; |dres ]

[ & # 305 ; k|spekt & # 305 ; vitamin D ]

[ f & # 945 ; : |st & # 601 ; ]

[ pe & # 305 ; |tr & # 601 ; Ns ]

!The alleged thriphthongs in English are disyllabic combinations, because they contain two vowel phonemes: [ degree FahrenheitaI| & # 601 ; ] .

Ex. 1.1( , track 1)

How many syllables?

One word in each set has a different figure of syllables from the others. Decide which it is, so look into with the recording.

Examples: lengths if tabular array on
1 fate cocoa computing machine afterwards
2 stopped smashed wanted tried
3 Leicester Lester Stratford Manchester
4 wholly alligator pear banana Argentina
5 beat chasm through thorough

Ex. 1.2( , track 1)

What emphasis form?

One word in each set has a different emphasis form from the others. Which is it? Specify the type of the stressed word. Check with the recording.

Examples: image & # 61452 ; & # 9675 ; nature & # 61452 ; & # 9675 ; gaining control & # 61452 ; & # 9675 ; mature& # 9675 ; & # 61452 ;
1 political relations dynamic instrumentalist historic
2 create supply prostate dictate
3 instructor refer tidal bore offer
4 edit debit submit recognition
5 Angela Therese spaghetti banana

Ex.1.3 Transcribe and split into syllables.

Determine where the syllable boundary prevarications

1. goodness 5. about 9. Saturday
2. hotter 6. lazy 10. export
3. small town 7. household 11. hourly
4. cotton 8. admittance 12. mathematics

Ex. 1.4 Transcribe the undermentioned words, split them into syllables and explicate the regulation

1. 90 6. sentence
2. center 7. vowel
3. imitate 8. film
4. instructor 9. expensive
5. advertise 10. committee

Ex. 1.5 Divide the words into syllables and explicate the regulation in each line:

1 ) Ready, pocket, female parent, java, metropolis ;

2 ) Bottle, twosome, cowss, mitten, center ;

3 ) Breakfast, porcupine, physician, state, fifty ;

4 ) Farmer, herself, sleepy, 90, gloomy ;

5 ) Extreme, disconnected, include, awful, attract ;

6 ) Fire, towel, vowel, lower, departer.

2. The Primary and the Secondary Meaning of Letterss

In English one missive can denote a few different sounds ( polysemous letters ) . That & # 8217 ; s why there are the primary and the secondary sound significances of them. The primary significance of a missive is the sound which this missive:

1 ) denotes in the alphabet:a& # 8211 ; [ vitamin EI] , vitamin E& # 8211 ; [ I: ] . E.g.bake, be;

2 ) doesn & # 8217 ; t correspond to the alphabetical missive:a& # 8211 ; [ & # 230 ; ] . e.g.cat;

3 ) approximates the alphabetical missive:degree Fahrenheit& # 8211 ;[ degree Fahrenheit ] ,Y& # 8211 ; [ aI] .

The secondary significance of a missive is the one which differs from its primary alphabetical significance and depends on the consonants predating or following this missive. E.g. a& # 8211 ; [ a:] – staff,[ O] & # 8211 ; wander,[& # 596 ;:] & # 8211 ; war.

The sound formation of the English linguistic communication distinguishes long and short vowels. Harmonizing to this distinctive feature in English each stressed vowel can hold two significances: alphabetical ( long ) and short.

Reading OF VOWELS IN STRESSED SYLLABLES

Letter Primary significance Secondary significance
long short Vowel + R Vowel +re
a KaTe degree Celsiussat degree CelsiussaR Harhenium
vitamin E Hvitamin E, Pvitamin ETe Hvitamin En, Hvitamin ELP Hvitamin ER Hvitamin Erhenium
iy I, MIke, mINe sIT, gYm BIrd, BYrd HIrhenium, TYrhenium
O NO, stONe NOT degree FahrenheitOR mOrhenium
U USe BUT TUradon degree CelsiussUrhenium

3. The Primary Sound Meanings of Vowels in Different Types of Syllables

In disyllabic and polysyllabic words the vowel missive has its alphabetical ( long ) primarysignificanceif:

1 ) it is used in word concluding place e. g. he, no, my ;

2 ) it is separated from the following vowel missive or from the combinations & # 8211 ; le, -reby merely one harmonic missive e.g. pilot, idle, fiber ;

3 ) it is followed by a consonant + R +vowel e.g. library, April ;

4 ) in some vowel combinations* e.g. diet, traveling.

The vowel missive has its short primary significance:

1 ) if it is separated from the following vowel or the combination & # 8211 ; leby two or more consonants e.g. render, silly, violin.

2 ) if the vowel missive ( apart from & # 8220 ; u & # 8221 ; )is in the 3rd stressed syllable from the terminal e.g. household, cylinder ;but: funeral ;

3 ) if the vowel missive is followed by a individual missive & # 8220 ; v & # 8221 ;e.g. river, ne’er ;but: uvula[ju: vju: cubic decimeter & # 601 ; ], febrility[fi: V & # 601 ; ], over[& # 601 ; & # 965 ; V & # 601 ; ];

4 ) if the vowel missive is followed by a consonant and one of the combinations, such as & # 8211 ; -ic, -ish, -ity e.g. tragic, Polish, pit ;

5 ) in disyllabic words with the sound [I] and [ ju: ] in the last unstressed syllable the vowel missive of a stressed syllable has a short significance: e.g. tribune, aspect ;but: stupe.

But if the word ends in & # 8211 ; y, -ieas in the words ladies, Edie the letters & # 8220 ; a & # 8221 ; , & # 8220 ; e & # 8221 ; holdtheir alphabetical ( long ) significance.

*For more information about the regulations of reading of vowel combinations ( digram ) , see farther regulations.

Reading SINGLE VOWEL LETTERS IN STRESSED NON-FINAL SYLLABLES

Meaning Spelling Examples Exceptions

I. Primary

long

1 ) vowel + vowel diet

2 ) vowel + consonant + vowel vowel + consonant + & # 8220 ; R & # 8221 ; + vowel

vowel + consonant + & # 8220 ; le & # 8221 ;

vowel + consonant + & # 8220 ; re & # 8221 ;

pilot

library

idle

fiber

II. Primary

short

1 ) vowel + consonant bunch + vowel

vowel + harmonic bunch + & # 8220 ; le & # 8221 ;

Render

violin

2 ) vowel + consonant + & # 8220 ; ic & # 8221 ;

vowel + consonant + & # 8220 ; ish & # 8221 ;

vowel + consonant + & # 8220 ; ity & # 8221 ;

tragic

Polish

pit

3 ) vowel + & # 8220 ; v & # 8221 ; + vowel

ne’er

& # 8729 ; febrility

& # 8729 ; over

& # 8729 ; uvula

4 ) vowel + syllable + syllable

fa & # 8729 ; mi & # 8729 ; ly

instances with & # 8220 ; u & # 8221 ; :

funeral

5 ) vowel + [ & # 305 ; ] -closed syllable

vowel + [ ( J ) U: ] -closed syllable

fa & # 8729 ; cet

tri & # 8729 ; bune

stupid

Ex. 3.1( , track 2)

Read the undermentioned names and make up one’s mind, from their spelling, if the vowel is shortor long. ( If there is more than one vowel, focal point on the vowel having most emphasis. ) If you are non certain, look into the recording.

Examples:Mick = short Susan = long

Paddy Susan Dean Sammy Cathy
Martha Jane Luke Tammy Rise
Bert Muriel Patty Pete Ross
Ted David Becky Bud Simon
Beths Microphone Mary Tom Jean
Timmy Joan Bonnie Sheila Bill
Primary short significance Primary long significance

Ex. 3.2 Read these words harmonizing to the regulations:

Letter & # 8220 ; A & # 8221 ; ( primary short and long significances ) :

barrel gas chiropteran land shall
angry cab bag set marry
tangle fat sunburn battalion cowss
back has sand pa carry

canvas

encephalon

paper

babe

lady

chief

able

bacon

delay

parade

celebrated

mate

lain

hurting

destiny

Letter & # 8220 ; E & # 8221 ; ( primary short and long significances ) :

best clever led met batch
bell seven set beg shell
send really work forces lend merry
berry when write crook boiler
he we these agree flushing
she be me even deep

Letters & # 8220 ; I/Y & # 8221 ; ( primary short and long significances ) :

thimble

thin

french friess

want

wriggle

scribble

twin

small

field day

violin

kitchen

history

ministry

primitive

system

why

mine

frailty

imply

rise

idle

licence

while

by

fly

nylon

cowbarn

rime

arrive

bike

trigon

line

kite

file

white

why

mine

frailty

imply

Letter & # 8220 ; U & # 8221 ; ( primary short and long significances ) :

crumple

under

low

hungry

duck

must

good story

ugly

begun

therefore

boom

blunder

vaulting horse

lecherousness

dither

yuck

cluck

bud

Puck

fortune

tubing

responsibility

double

music

melody

computing machine

melody

Muse

temper

unit

usage

pupil

homo

regular hexahedron

adventitia

Letter & # 8220 ; O & # 8221 ; ( primary short and long significances ) :

point

halt

chop

floating-point operation

cost

physician

bottle

organic structure

robber

java

promise

fox

pod

shooting

stock

con

prick

bull

dago

doll

so nose

travel investigation

phone unfastened

hope

rose

gag

note

whole

quotation mark

tone

hole

drove

Ex. 3.3

A: Here are the 12 braces of riming words. In each instance, one has an expected spelling for the peculiar sound and one has non. Choose which has the more predictable spelling.

Examples:check cervix

( comparison cervixwith batch, deck, wreck, pinpointand so on )

1 dome some 5 rich stitch 9 file manner
2 mash cache 6 thorax chest 10 gustatory sensation waist
3 steak do 7 wand bond 11 privation pant
4 Moon prune 8 blood clay 12 cut put

Ex. 3.4( , track 3)

A: In this subdivision the spelling is 100 % predictable from the pronunciation. Listen to the recording and compose these single words down.

1 ________ 5 ________ 9 ________ 13 ________
2 ________ 6 ________ 10 ________ 14 ________
3 ________ 7 ________ 11 ________ 15 ________
4 ________ 8 ________ 12 ________ 16 ________

Bacilluss: Now see if you can read the undermentioned words aloud before you listen to them on the recording. Remember that the pronunciation is still predictable from the spelling.

1 scoop 5 patched 9 puddle 13 shun
2 muted 6 dirty dog 10 stammer 14 taper
3 bug 7 hugged 11 Handy 15 rumbled
4 spinal column 8 treck 12 Budge 16 rubbish

Degree centigrades: Now do the same with the undermentioned bunk words.

1 flape 5 snork 9 frake 13 spump
2 spline 6 preck 10 drumble 14 flinge
3 smotted 7 glumpy 11 duddle 15 chinker
4 gatter 8 chandy 12 shunker 16 strended

It doesn & # 8217 ; t affair if you don & # 8217 ; t cognize what the words inAandBacillusmean ; you can ever look into them in a dictionary afterwards. Don & # 8217 ; t expression in a lexicon for the bunk words inC.

Ex. 3.5 Find and pattern reading vowels in their short significances:

Letter & # 8221 ; A & # 8221 ;

a ) Read every bit rapidly as possible:

A cat, a black cat, a black cat sat, a black cat sat on a mat, a black cat sat on a mat and Ate. A black cat sat on a mat and ate a fat rat.

B ) Read the sentence:

There was a ruddy new wave going West, and several autos and new waves behind it. The new wave driver all of a sudden turned and crashed into the cab. The cab driver wasn & # 8217 ; t severely hurt, but he was really angry.

Can you conceive of an fanciful menagerie director, conceive ofing an imagination menagerie.

degree Celsius ) Proverbs and parlances:

Flat as a battercake.

A hungry adult male is an angry adult male.

vitamin D ) Rhymes and tongue-twisters:

Pat & # 8217 ; s black cat is in Pat & # 8217 ; s black chapeau.

Pussy-cat, pussy-cat

Can you catch that bad fat rat?

If you catch that bad fat rat,

You will hold some milk for that.

Letter & # 8220 ; E & # 8221 ;

a )Hens, ruddy biddies, best ruddy biddies, ten best ruddy biddies, Ted sells 10 best ruddy biddies. Every twenty-four hours Ted sells 10 best ruddy biddies.

B )Merely 10 per cent of Kensington Express readers take regular exercising. Ten per cent felt that they were healthy or really healthy.

degree Celsiuss )All & # 8217 ; s good that ends good.

vitamin D )Better tardily than ne’er.

vitamin E )Lesser leather ne’er weathered wetting agent conditions better.

degree Fahrenheit )Fred fed Ted staff of life and Ted led Fred staff of life.

g )Can you recite ten texts in 12 seconds?

Letters & # 8220 ; I, Y & # 8221 ;

a )Equally tantrum as a violin.

B )Which enchantress wished which wicked want?

degree Celsiuss )Acerate leafs and pins, acerate leafs and pins,

When a adult male marries, his problem Begins.

vitamin D )I slit the sheet, the sheet I slit, and on the slitted sheet I sit.

Letter & # 8220 ; O & # 8221 ;

a )Bob & # 8217 ; s Canis familiaris got a hot pot of porridge and some chops.

B )I & # 8217 ; ve got a occupation in a athleticss store at the minute.

degree Celsiuss )Honesty is the best policy.

vitamin D )A proper cup of java from a proper Cu java pot.

Letter & # 8220 ; U & # 8221 ;

a )A duck, an ugly duck, an ugly duck was in a cup, an ugly duck was in a amusing cup, an ugly duck was in a amusing cup on Sunday. An ugly duck was in a amusing cup on a cheery Sunday.

B) Lucky in cards luckless in love.

degree Celsiuss )Mas munch much pulp.

vitamin D )Double bubble gum bubbles dual bubbles.

Ex. 3.6 Practice reading vowels in their long significances:

Letter & # 8220 ; A & # 8221 ;a )This astonishing lake in Wales is a celebrated topographic point for great races.

B )I can explicate. The Daily Mail came tardily.

degree Celsiuss )Make hay while the Sun radiances.

A stitch in clip saves nine.

vitamin D )Rain, rain, travel off,

Come once more another twenty-four hours.

vitamin E )Billy, Billy, semen and drama

While the Sun radiances bright today.

Letter & # 8220 ; E & # 8221 ;

a )A adult male of words and non of workss

Is like a garden full of weeds.

B) He speaks Chinese and Nipponese with equal easiness.

degree Celsiuss )Easy come easy spells.

Letters & # 8220 ; I, Y & # 8221 ;

a )Mike likes spicy pies with fried expressway.

B )Hi, Mike! I & # 8217 ; m busy typing. I have 99 pages to type by Friday.

degree Celsiuss )Out of sight out of head.

Assortment is a spice of life.

vitamin D )Why do you shout, Willy?

Why do you shout?

Why, Willy, why, Willy?

Why, Willy, why?

Letter & # 8220 ; O & # 8221 ;

a )The route below goes from Rome to the south seashore. We are really near to our place.

B )Chip-chop, chip-chop,

Chipper-chopper Joe,

One large blow.

Oh! My toe!

Ex. 3.7 Put the words given below into a suited column harmonizing to the regulations of reading of stressed vowels:

Twilight, shouting, Friday, thaumaturgy, conveyance, bound, violin, terror, pupil, seeking, beltway, ne’er, uncle, missive, river, alphabet, cautious, numerical, being, stupid, apricot, atomic, film, bulk, better, runing, visit, novel, castle, baggage, sentence, alky, novice, British, Cucumis sativus, dearth, everlastingly, Labrador, optical maser, mike, baronial, fresh, poet, pressman, Puritan, mystifier, regular, Roman, secret, stupidity, syllabic, typical.

Primary long significance Primary short significance

Ex. 3.8 Read the undermentioned words and see how & # 8211 ; ealterations the pronunciation

WITHOUT & # 8211 ; e:

WITH & # 8211 ; e:

fat cat am program chapeau
gate tardily name plane hatred
NOW PRONOUNCE: adult male same take that lemonade bale safe pat tape

WITHOUT & # 8211 ; e:

WITH & # 8211 ; e:

sit in Begin if swim
invite mulct vino married woman clip
NOW PRONOUNCE: tantrum inside still mile hid drive tide like pipe strip

WITHOUT & # 8211 ; e:

WITH & # 8211 ; e:

halt top non hot clock
hope place note nose fume
NOW PRONOUNCE: occupation rock rose God joke dome bone on topographic point coke

WITHOUT & # 8211 ; e:

WITH & # 8211 ; e:

coach run saloon Sun merely
alibi June tubing rude usage
NOW PRONOUNCE: much fuse regular hexahedron greenhorn dither melody gun merriment duke fortune
Exception: some come one have give unrecorded love

Ex. 3.9 Place the following words in the grids harmonizing to their vowel sound:

Rich, coil, month, cart, suit, breath, flashed, loom, herd, still, hemmed, lacerate, scene, sail, floor, dock, merely, Dons, blade, hoop, banned, rang, bin, love, hat, bird, stabbed, goon, farm, ought, ridge, ton, fabric, chalk, hoot, boy, nexus, following, unagitated, germ, anthem, cab, wood, breath, weirdo, scabies, blood, cough, should, could, black, said, pes, monastic, Canis familiaris, stood, piece, arch, move, purr, banquet, thenar, pearl, border, shopped, eve, barred, soup, foliage, bard, begged.

Short vowel sounds

[I] [ & # 230 ; ] [ vitamin E ] [ & # 965 ; ] [ O ] [& # 923 ;]

Long vowel sounds:

[ I: ] [3: ] [& # 593 ;: ] [ O: ] [ U: ]

Trial I

1.Divide into groups and transcribe these words:

Worry, pupil, apricot, oppose, novel, after, charming, bound, visit, alibi, sentence, beltway, money.

primary alphabetical significance primary short significance secondary significance

2.Find the uneven word:

a ) small, silly, fiddle, in-between, rather

B ) tragic, hapless, paste, falls

degree Celsiuss ) opinion, tulip, true, legal guardian, numerical

3. Transcribe these words:

Archery, point, cricket, triumph, golf, second best, H2O Polo, racket, rugger, swimming, title, witness.

Trial Two

1.Divide into groups and transcribe these words:

Cinema, ne’er, shouting, stupid, numerical, uncle, Monday, figure-skating, war, river, terror, staff, hunting, conveyance.

primary alphabetical significance primary short significance secondary significance

2.Find the uneven word:

a ) making, runing, uncle, film, thaumaturgy

B ) stupe, seeking, Friday, April, silly

degree Celsius ) pupil, numerical, ne’er, shouting, being

3. Transcribe the words:

Fibre, April, traveling, render, household, avid, pit, aspect, lady, fever, over, funeral, fence.

4. Reading of Stressed Vowels in Combination with the Letter & # 8221 ; R & # 8221 ;

VOWEL LETTERS + & # 8220 ; R& # 8221 ;

vowel

+ & # 8220 ; R & # 8221 ; + vowel

+ vowel + & # 8221 ; R & # 8221 ;

+ vowel + & # 8221 ; l/n & # 8221 ;

+ & # 8220 ; R & # 8221 ; + consonant

+ concluding & # 8220 ; R & # 8221 ;

Aa

[ & # 949 ; & # 601 ; ]

carnival, menu

[ & # 945 ; : ]

farm, far

Electrical engineering

[ & # 305 ; & # 601 ; ]

here, hero, Ne

[ 3: ]

herb tea, her

Two

[ a & # 305 ; & # 601 ; ]

prevaricator, fire, giant

[ 3: ]

house, fir

Oo

[ : ]

Sus scrofa, more

[ : ]

North, for

Uu

[ ( J ) & # 965 ; & # 601 ; ]

pure, certain, fuel

[ 3: ]

breaker, pelt

Yy

[ a & # 305 ; & # 601 ; ]

autocrat

[ 3: ]

Byrd

Ex.4.1

a ) Name the stressed sound of every line:

1. portion, rare, attention, comparison, prepare, hare.

2. here, mere, sphere, stuff, consecutive, period.

3. fire, lyre, hire, tired, wire, sarcasm.

4. pure, remedy, enticement, funny, during, secure.

5. more, shore, explore, before, shop.

B ) Read these words harmonizing to the regulations:

Letter & # 8220 ; A & # 8221 ; ( primary short and long significances ) :

travesty

arch

scarf

market

dismay

jar

menu

Mary

make bolding

sharing

trap

attention

Letter & # 8220 ; E & # 8221 ; ( primary short and long significances ) :

source

perch

clemency

poetry

concern

German

hero

mere

inhere

epoch

terrible

nothing

Letters & # 8220 ; I/Y & # 8221 ; ( primary short and long significances ) :

30

birch

smudge

shirk

circle

quirt

fire

lyre

Sur

require

wire

quire

Letter & # 8220 ; U & # 8221 ; ( primary short and long significances ) :

bend

farther

stumble

Thursday

drapes

Meleagris gallopavo

endure

remedy

pure

obscure

rage

funny

Letter & # 8220 ; O & # 8221 ; ( primary short and long significances ) :

storm

mort

grove

porc

force

irritant

nucleus

shore

mark

wore

unwritten

brow

Ex.4.2

a ) Make words with these beginnings and compose them in the right portion of the tabular array:

Beginnings ba fa Ra district attorney sta squa ca ha cha

Endings r re low frequency Ir rd rt lumen

Wordss with the vowel [ & # 945 ; : ] Wordss with the vowel [ & # 949 ; & # 601 ; ]
saloon bare

B ) Divide the words into groups harmonizing to the sounds:

Air, bear, cervid, square, circuit, existent, elephantine, your, near, ear, brace, oar, more, secure, remedy, fire, enticement, lyre, pure, sarcasm, board, carnival, hair, hear, beloved, tyre, fuel, sore, our, country, near, pier, hr, fire, mere, existent, diamond, ear, fierce, scientific discipline, vary, zero, theory, fuel, ore, millionaire, den, mere, where, test, work, earn, sergeant, warm, worm, bosom, universe, merry, persuade, nurse, harp, early, barely, clerk, signifier, mark, learn, haste, bird, persue, war, house, circus, bend, farm, Earth, word, market, miss, fir, deal, Meleagris gallopavo, howitzer, whirl, blade, order, desperately, orchid, look, detect, persue, surface, neglect, Perm, pilchards, require, depart, wrangle.

Ex.4.3 Read every bit rapidly as possible:

1. Hares, rare hares, take attention of rare hares ; my parents take attention of rare hares. My parents seldom take attention of rare hares and Canary Islandss.

2. Football, more than football, basketballs more than football, adore hoops more than football, boys adore hoops more than football, tall male childs adore basketball more than football. Almost all tall male childs adore basketball more than football.

3. The theory, the theory of this experient applied scientist is clear, the theory of this experient applied scientist is truly clear. My beloved! The theory of this experient applied scientist is truly clear.

4. Near an ear, a nearer ear, a about eerie ear.

5. Cheers, beloved! Cheers! Here & # 8217 ; s to the bearded mountain climber!

6. Charming, big and charming, farms are big and charming, gardens and farms are big and capturing. The Parks, gardens and farms are big and charming.

7. A miss, a circus miss, Pearl is a circus miss, Pearl is a circus miss who works, Pearl is a circus miss who works with birds.

8. Her work, her work in workshop, her work in a dirty workshop, her work in a dirty workshop was the worst. Her work in a dirty workshop was the worst in the universe.

Ex. 4.4 Pick out the uneven word:

1. term, clerk, service, perfect.

2. mark, farm, warm, market.

3. learn, Earth, pearl, bosom.

4. Vernon, awful, merry, haste.

5. word, work, universe, war.

6. first, pelt, far, bend.

7. miss, shirk, wire, birch, birth.

8. earn, learn, bosom, early.

9. worm, worn, universe, work.

10. nurse, lurk, haste, injury, suburb.

11. advertizement, university, reserved, western.

Ex. 4.5 Put the words into three columns:

[ & # 593 ; : ] [ & # 596 ; : ] [ & # 1079 ; : ]

Tardy, kind, purging, war, bosom, dormant, universe, port, favorite, warm, earn, Godhead, work, partake, furbish, learn, mortify, clerk, purblind, portly, sergeant, flit, farther, spouse.

Ex. 4.6 Complete this conversation utilizing the words in the box. Then listen and look into

( , track 4)

Cars cares stars stares

Sid: This is a great life, with no concerns or attentions!

Joe: It would be nice if we had ________ though, Sid.

Sid: I didn & # 8217 ; Ts say ______ , I said ______ !

Joe: Oh, I see. Not _______ , as in traffic, but ______ with an Einsteinium at the terminal!

Sid: That & # 8217 ; s right. I & # 8217 ; ve ever loved kiping under the ______ .

Joe: But why? There & # 8217 ; barely any infinite under the ______ !

Sid: No, non ______ , ______ ! You know, small visible radiations in the sky.

Joe: Oh, ______ ! I thought you said _________ , that people walk up!

Ex. 4.7 Read and transcribe the undermentioned sentences:

1. I & # 8217 ; vitamin Ds like to reserve a place on the ten-thirty flight to Birmingham, on Thursday. My name is Vernon.

2. I & # 8217 ; ll hunt under the fir trees and the birches, I & # 8217 ; ll circle the Earth & # 8211 ; and I & # 8217 ; ll return with a brilliant house angleworm for my perfect Stictopelia cuneata.

3. Pearl will be 30 following birthday. Her aroma from Germany is perfect.

4. Gregory reported about this narrative with irony, so he asked rhetorical inquiry.

5. I ever think about bad luck with a horror.

6. Barbara & # 8217 ; s authorities had a really bad repute.

7. Sorry, but I don & # 8217 ; t like horror movies, I prefer traveling to the theater.

Ex. 4.8 Listen and circle the word you hear( , track 5)

Heart or hat? She put her manus on her hearthat.

1. Nowhere or no manner? There & # 8217 ; s nowhereno mannerto travel.

2. Fair or far? It isn & # 8217 ; T fairfar.

3. Part or port? This is the chief partportof Athens.

4. Bear or beer? That & # 8217 ; s a strong bearbeer.

5. Come or quiet? She told me to comecalmdown.

Ex. 4.9 Practice reading

parlances, expressions:

He that hath ears to hear, allow him hear.

If the cap tantrums, wear it.

Here today, gone tomorrow.

Five fat mendicants frying fish.

While there is life there is hope.

No fume without fire.

Real eldritch rear wheels.

First come, foremost served.

Even a worm will turn.

It is the early bird that catches the worm.

A bird in the manus is deserving two in the shrub.

One good bend deserves another.

A image is worth a 1000 words.

The composure before the storm.

To set the cart before the Equus caballus.

A barking Canis familiaris seldom bites.

Don & # 8217 ; Ts take your harp to the party.

A bird is known by its note, and a adult male by his talk.

Adversity makes the adult male wise, non rich.

Through adversity to the stars.

Return good for immorality.

Better unborn than unschooled.

You can convey your Equus caballus to the H2O but you can & # 8217 ; Ts make it imbibe.

rimes and tornados:

An old adult female, old adult female, shall we travel a & # 8211 ; shearing?

Talk a small louder, sir, – I am really difficult of hearing.

Old adult female, old adult female, shall I love you in a heartfelt way?

Thank you, sort sir, I hear you really clearly.

How many boards

Could the Mongols caches

If the Mongol caches got bored?

& # 8220 ; What is this life if, full of attention,

We have no clip to stand and gaze? & # 8221 ;

I can non bear to see a bear

Bear down upon a hare.

When bare of hair he strips the hare,

Right there I cry, & # 8220 ; Forbear! & # 8221 ;

5. Reading of Vowel Digraphs*

Aa Electrical engineering Two Oo Uu Yy
Aa [ I: ] expression

[ vitamin E & # 305 ; ] Army Intelligencevitamin D

[ a & # 305 ; ] balalaiKa

[ & # 230 ; ] plaivitamin D

[ vitamin E ] saivitamin D

[ & # 945 ; : ] goldNational Trust

[ & # 596 ;:] Aublast

[ & # 594 ; ] sausage

[ & # 601 ; & # 965 ; ] goldbergine

[ vitamin E & # 305 ; ] manner

[ vitamin E ] says

[ & # 601 ; ] always

[ & # 305 ; ] Monday

Electrical engineering

[ I: ] sea

[ vitamin E & # 305 ; ] greaT

[& # 305 ; & # 601 ; ]thought

[ vitamin E ] breavitamin D

[ I: ] neevitamin D

[ I: ] ceiling

[ vitamin E & # 305 ; ] beiGe

[ a & # 305 ; ] either

[ vitamin E ] wreathsure

[ I: ] people

[ & # 305 ; & # 601 ; ] theory

[ vitamin E ] Leopard

[ ( J ) U: ] neutral

[ J & # 965 ; & # 601 ; ] Europe

[ I: ] key

[ & # 305 ; ] money

[ vitamin E & # 305 ; ] they

Two

[ & # 601 ; ] Parliament

[ a & # 305 ; & # 601 ; ] Defense Intelligence Agencymond

[ a & # 305 ; ] tie

[ I: ] achieve

[ & # 305 ; ] Freddie

[ vitamin E ] frieneodymium

[ & # 305 ; & # 601 ; ] patrioT

[ a & # 305 ; & # 601 ; ] lioN

[ a & # 305 ; & # 601 ; ] triumiles per hour
Oo

[ & # 601 ; & # 965 ; ] oaK

[ & # 596 ; : ] broavitamin D

[ U: ] shoe

[& # 596 ;I] boicubic decimeter

[ & # 601 ; ] tortoiSe

[ & # 305 ; ] connoisseur

[ & # 601 ; & # 965 ; ] brooch

[ U: ] foovitamin D

[ & # 965 ; ] fooT

[& # 923 ;] bloovitamin D

[ & # 601 ; & # 965 ; ] soucubic decimeter

[ U: ] you

[ & # 965 ; ] could

[ a & # 965 ; ] 1000sand

[& # 923 ;] coufury

[ & # 594 ; ] cough

[ & # 596 ;:] ought

[ & # 305 ; ] loyAl
Uu

[ U: ] true

[ & # 965 ; & # 601 ; ] cruecubic decimeter

[ ( J ) U: ] juiCe

[ & # 305 ; ] biscuiT

[ a & # 305 ; ] bargain
Yy [ a & # 305 ; & # 601 ; ] hyacinth [ a & # 305 ; ] pass [ ( J ) & # 601 ; & # 965 ; ] yotabun

Principles of Reading Vowel Digraphs

1 ) The 1stmissive is read in its primary long significance: sea[ I: ] , oaK [ & # 601 ; & # 965 ; ] , etc. ;

2 ) The 2ndmissive is read in its primary long significance: neutral [ U: ] , either [ a & # 305 ; ] , etc. ;

3 ) Two letters are read in their primary short significances, organizing a diphthong: beiGe [ e & # 305 ; ] , they[ vitamin E & # 305 ; ] , boicubic decimeter [& # 596 ;I] , oyster [& # 596 ;I] ;

4 ) One of the letters is read in its primary short or secondary significance: goldnt [ & # 593 ; : ] , theory [ & # 305 ; & # 601 ; ] , etc.

Ex. 5.1 Read the undermentioned words with digraphs [ ei|ey] . Identify the sound of each line.

[ ] 1. ecru, deign, flagitious.

[ ] 2. either, seismograph, deictic.

[ ] 3. seize, inveigle, ceiling, receive, deceive, conceive, perceive.

[ ] 4. inheritor, inheritress.

[ ] 5. leisure, Leicester.

[ ] 6. forgery, crowned head, foreign, surfeit, forfeit.

[ ] 7. eight, cargo, neighbour, weight, sleigh, weigh.

[ ] 8. tallness, dexterity.

[ ] 9. they, study, Grey, obey.

[ ] 10. aerie.

[ ] 11. key.

[ ] 12. monkey, money, whiskey, hockey, streetcar.

Ex. 5.2 Which 12 of these words contain the sound [vitamin E & # 601 ;] ( as in chair ) ? How are the others pronounced? Can you believe of any more words with [vitamin E & # 601 ;] ?

Air, attention, beloved, carnival, hair, her, here, pear, brace, portion, tear ( verb) , their, there, they & # 8217 ; rhenium, were, we & # 8217 ; rhenium, where.

Ex. 5.3

a ) Read the verse form. Explain the reading of vowel combinations.

A small health, a small wealth

A small houSe and freedom

With some few frieneodymiums for certain terminals,

But small cauSe to necessitate them.

B ) Each word on the left rimes with one word on the right. Match the words that rhyme and seek to compose a short verse form utilizing some of the rhyming words.

Brain, dentition, lost, pes, self-praise, suit, weight, little, decease, says, dull, phrase, war, full, chef, foliage, glued Deaf, great, beef, breathe, skull, Les, reign, yearss, tossed, station, tallness, garland, nutrient, shoot, put, jurisprudence, wool

Ex. 5.4

a ) Put the undermentioned words in the right column harmonizing to the pronunciation of & # 8220 ; ea & # 8221 ; . Careful! Three of the words have two different pronunciations ( and different significances ) .

shriek

bean

staff of life

cogwheel

tear

breath

apprehension

lead

lance

interruption

heal

steak

dead

yearn

spread

read

knead

plead

pear

bead

great

squad

breathe

fright

bear

yarn

alternatively

wear

caput

twelvemonth

mean

pearl

[ vitamin E ]

10 words

[ I: ]

11 words

[& # 949 ;& # 601 ; ]

5 words

[& # 305 ; & # 601 ; ]

5 words

[3:]

2 words

[ vitamin EI]

3 words

B ) Give 2 illustrations of your ain to each discrepancy of pronunciation of the given digram.

[& # 305 ; & # 601 ;] [& # 949 ;& # 601 ;]

[ vitamin EI]

Ea[& # 593 ;: ]

[ I: ]

[ vitamin E ]

Ex. 5.5 Read the undermentioned words. Identify the sound of each line.

[ ] 1. nutrient, boot, foolish, hike

[ ] 2. good, cook, took, look

[ ] 3. should, would, could

[ ] 4. blood, inundation

[ ] 5. door, four, floor, peasant

[ ] 6. Moor, circuit, hapless

[ ] 7. broach

[ ] 8. unit of ammunition, found, sound, lb

[ ] 9. psyche, bowl, mold, shoulder

[ ] 10. touch, unsmooth, nourish, bravery

[ ] 11. soup, group, boulevard, gulyas

[ ] 12. idea, bought, caught, fought

[ ] 13. you, youth

Ex. 5.6 Pick out the uneven word.

Examples:

Like by 9th unrecorded

1. monkey & # 8212 ; donkey & # 8212 ; whiskey & # 8212 ; key

2. feudal & # 8212 ; few & # 8212 ; sew & # 8212 ; waiting line

3. cook & # 8211 ; look & # 8211 ; lb & # 8211 ; could

4. pes & # 8212 ; good & # 8212 ; nutrient & # 8212 ; cook

5. unit of ammunition & # 8212 ; house & # 8212 ; ounce & # 8212 ; problem

6. could & # 8212 ; would & # 8212 ; mould & # 8212 ; should

7. seize & # 8212 ; have & # 8212 ; deictic & # 8211 ; ceiling

8. lavatory & # 8211 ; tortoise & # 8211 ; boycott & # 8211 ; buoy

9. joy & # 8211 ; oily & # 8211 ; ocean trip & # 8211 ; cognoscente

10. annoy & # 8211 ; pick & # 8211 ; they & # 8211 ; joy & # 8211 ; toxicant

11. pear & # 8212 ; swear & # 8212 ; near & # 8212 ; bear

12. door & # 8211 ; floor & # 8211 ; get down & # 8211 ; little

13. pick & # 8212 ; caput & # 8212 ; go forth & # 8212 ; fleet

14. violet & # 8211 ; thirsty & # 8211 ; journey & # 8211 ; there

15. sludge & # 8212 ; wood & # 8212 ; kangaroo & # 8212 ; liquor

16. bravery & # 8212 ; soul & # 8212 ; problem & # 8212 ; nourish

17. complainant & # 8212 ; raider & # 8212 ; mournful & # 8212 ; tartan

18. staff of life & # 8211 ; reads & # 8211 ; pence & # 8211 ; really

19. work & # 8211 ; 3rd & # 8211 ; individual & # 8211 ; hair

20. size & # 8211 ; grey & # 8211 ;

Cite this Pronunciation and Spelling in English

Pronunciation and Spelling in English. (2017, Jul 20). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/pronunciation-and-spelling-in-english-2422/

Show less
  • Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay
  • Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself
  • Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay
  • Do not copy and paste free to download essays
Get plagiarism free essay

Search for essay samples now

Haven't found the Essay You Want?

Get my paper now

For Only $13.90/page