Psych 235 CH. 11

C)
slow reaction time.
1.
In a game of dodge ball played by a large group of second-graders, the same children regularly get hit with the ball. This probably is due to:
A)
sex differences in motor skills.
B)
poor gross-motor skills.
C)
slow reaction time.
D)
lack of practice.
A)
achievement.
2.
Although the test you are now taking measures many things, it is supposed to be a test of:
A)
achievement.
B)
aptitude.
C)
intelligence.
D)
general knowledge.
C)
knowledge; potential
3.
Achievement tests are to aptitude tests as ______ is to ______.
A)
long; short
B)
intelligence; creativity
C)
knowledge; potential
D)
fruit; apple
B)
115.
4.
About two-thirds of all those who take IQ tests score in the “average” range, that is, between 85 and:
A)
100.
B)
115.
C)
125.
D)
135.
A)
achievement test.
5.
April is tested on her mastery of college chemistry. She is taking a(n):
A)
achievement test.
B)
IQ test.
C)
field test.
D)
aptitude test.

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D)
10 percent
6.
Approximately what percentage of young children have ADD?
A)
1 percent
B)
3 percent
C)
5 percent
D)
10 percent
D)
has no apparent physical handicap.
7.
According to the usual definition, a child with a learning disability often:
A)
has notable vision or hearing problems.
B)
is of low intelligence.
C)
lives in stressful environments.
D)
has no apparent physical handicap.
C)
dyslexia.
8.
If an intelligent 8-year-old cannot read, this might be attributed to:
A)
dysgraphia.
B)
dysphonemia.
C)
dyslexia.
D)
dyscalcula.
A)
intensify as the child grows older.
9.
Having a developmental perspective on any special problem that a child might have makes it clear that the symptoms of the problem:
A)
intensify as the child grows older.
B)
remain stable across the life span.
C)
change as the child grows older.
D)
are apparent in the first year of life.
D)
social skills.
10.
The chief characteristic of children with autism spectrum disorder is lack of:
A)
speaking.
B)
eye contact.
C)
smiling.
D)
social skills.
C)
developmental psychopathology.
11.
Insights from normal development are applied to the study of childhood disorders in:
A)
abnormal psychology of childhood.
B)
pediatric pathology.
C)
developmental psychopathology.
D)
special education.
A)
calming down.
12.
When hyperactive children are given stimulants such as amphetamines, many of them respond by:
A)
calming down.
B)
having hallucinations.
C)
becoming depressed and angry.
D)
becoming even more active.
A)
has special needs.
13.
Monique has exhibited clumsy and impulsive behavior ever since she was a toddler. She requires extra help now that she has started school because of her differences in mental and physical abilities. Monique is likely a child who:
A)
has special needs.
B)
has dyslexia.
C)
is autistic.
D)
is mentally retarded.
B)
boys.
14.
The group most likely to be taking medication for diagnosed ADHD is comprised of:
A)
girls.
B)
boys.
C)
children in first and second grades.
D)
children in third, fourth, and fifth grades.
A)
White children
15.
Which of the following groups is most likely to be diagnosed with ADHD in the United States?
A)
White children
B)
non-Hispanic Black children
C)
Hispanic children
D)
third-, fourth-, and fifth-grade children
D)
both underused and overused in treating children with ADHD.
16.
Child psychologists agree that drugs are:
A)
underused in treating children with ADHD.
B)
overused in treating children with ADHD.
C)
used judiciously in treating children with ADHD.
D)
both underused and overused in treating children with ADHD.
A)
dyslexia.
17.
Emma’s speech at age 3 was difficult to understand, and she did not demonstrate the typical language explosion. Now at age 8, she is experiencing difficulty in school. Her early speech history may have been an early indication for:
A)
dyslexia.
B)
pervasive developmental disorder.
C)
ADHD.
D)
Asperger syndrome.
B)
with communication.
18.
In early childhood, autistic children have difficulty:
A)
with fine motor skills.
B)
with communication.
C)
engaging in solitary play.
D)
inhibiting social interaction.
C)
genetic vulnerability coupled with other factors.
19.
Most likely, autism is caused by:
A)
genetic factors alone.
B)
parents’ early child-care methods.
C)
genetic vulnerability coupled with other factors.
D)
uncaring, cold parents, especially the mother.
B)
early prevention intervention.
20.
In working with children with autism, psychologists advocate:
A)
intervention after the age of 5.
B)
early prevention intervention.
C)
quick intervention when language problems affect other developmental areas.
D)
taking a “wait and see” approach to interaction.
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