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Psychology Task and Answers

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Question 1: Psychology as a science has developed over a long period of time, literally

centuries. During this period of time , man individuals have had an impact on the

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development of Psychology as a science.

Select three individuals, describe in detail the

contributions of the individuals, and discuss the significance of the person to the

development of Psychology as a science.

In this paper I am going to talk about three different individuals , and describe

their contributions to Psychology. I am also going to talk about how there contributions

had a significant effect on Psychology as a science. These three people are the three that I

consider the most important people of Psychology. Psychology is an interesting science

in which we need people to help explain why things are the way they are. Many people

make an attempt to explore this science , but it takes dedication to actually get something

One of the three people I consider a big impact on Psychology is Wilhelm Wundt.

Known as the founder of psychology as a formal academic discipline. Wundt founded the

school of Structuralism. This concept evolved out of the mechanistic nature of the

Industrial Revolution and the Scientific method of experimentation. Structuralism

attempted to discover the nature of consciousness into separate parts, and to ultimately

discover the structure of consciousness. Wundt held the first academic course in

psychology in 1862, and he set up the first experimental laboratory where he conducted a

series of experiments to determine the dimensions of feeling and perception. Wundt help

people to be able to break things down into groups for what he thought easier

management . Wundt significance was that he was the first person to actually introduce

the subject of psychology to others and get them involved ( uidaho.edu ).

Another great Physiologist is Ivan Pavlov. Ivan Pavlov was born in a small

village in central Russia. His parents wanted him to be a priest , but he soon found that he

cared more for scientific pursuits. He then began to study chemistry and physiology and

soon began to research topics that interested him the most: digestion and blood

circulation. His work became well known , and he was appointed professor of

physiology at the Imperial Medical Academy. The work that made Pavlov a household

name in psychology actually began as a study in digestion. He began looking at the

digestive process in dogs, especially the interaction between salivation. He soon after

doing much studying relized that the reason for dogs salivating was the excitement of

getting food. In his study of the he used different types of ‘’conditioning ‘’ seeing

different points when the dog salivates. His over all theory is that the dogs salivates

because of the expectation of food becoming present .Pavlov signigicance to psychology

is that something such as dog salivating and no one understood why or much less even

thought about it, but Pavlov wondered why and found and answer ( uidaho.edu).

The third person that I will discuss in this paper is B. F. Skinner. Skinner went to

Harvard to study psychology since he had always enjoyed observing animal and human

behavior. Skinner found himself more and more a behaviorist. He worked in the lab of

an experimental biologist, however, and developed behavioral studies of rats. He then

decided to design boxes to automatically reward behavior, such as depressing lever,

pushing a button, and so on. He then had an interest in pigeons, he developed the ideas of

“ operant conditioning “ and “ shaping behavior “. Unlike Pavlov’s “ classical

conditioning “ where an existing behavior is shaped by association it with a new

stimulus. Operant conditioning is the rewarding of a partial behavior or random act that

approaches the desired behavior. Skinner’s over all believe is that someone with an

empty system can be anything at that point and time only ( Themes ). Skinner’s

significance to psychology was that he helped people understand that he can get someone

or something to do anything by using types of conditioning.

All three of these people had a big impact on psychology. All of them had a desire

to learn and a passion for the science as a whole. This paper talk about how Wilhelm

Wundt that of things as Structurlism as he broke it down. It also talks about B.F. Skinner

who believed he could take anything with a completely empty system and make it into

anything he wanted to. This paper also talked about Ivan Pavlov and how he came

interested in dogs, and why they salivate. Pavlov used “ Classical Conditioning”. All

three of these people had a great influence in psychology and help other people

Cite this Psychology Task and Answers

Psychology Task and Answers. (2018, Jun 21). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/psychology-task-and-answers/

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