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Psychosexual Development

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While studying Sigmund Freud, he states that personality is mostly established by the early age of five. Many early experiences play a large role in personality development of a growing child and continue to influence their behavior later in life. Freud’s theory of psychosexual development is one of the most known and controversial theories. Freud is known to believe that personality is developed through the different stages of childhood, where the pleasure seeking energies of id, the irrational part of personality that seeks immediate satisfaction of urges and drives, becomes focused on certain erogenous areas.

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This psychosexual energy is described as the force behind behavior. If the stages of psychosexual development are completed successfully, then it will result in a healthy personality. If certain issues are not resolved at the appropriate stage, fixation can occur. A fixation is a focus on an earlier psychosexual stage. Until this conflict is resolved, a person can remain “stuck” in this stage. For example, a person who is fixated at the oral stage may be over-dependent on others and may seek oral stimulation through smoking, drinking, or eating.

I can definitely see where Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can relate to a time in my life. As a young child I developed a bad habit of biting my nails. This was for almost everything when I was bored, tired, nervous, you name it, and that’s when you will catch me biting my nails. This habit was very disgusting to me and as I grew older I amazingly grew out of it. Growing up I never thought anything of it and didn’t think there was a reasoning behind my nasty habit.

While studying Freud and this theory it amazed me to find out that my habit can be related to an oral fixation that did not get resolved earlier in my childhood. This theory is the oral stage. During the oral stage, the infant’s primary source of interaction occurs through the mouth, so the rooting and sucking reflex is the most important. The mouth is vital for eating, and the infant gets pleasure from oral stimulation through gratifying activities such as tasting and sucking.

Because the infant is entirely dependent upon the people who are responsible for feeding them, the caretakers, the infant also develops a sense of trust and comfort through this oral stimulation. The primary conflict at this stage is that the child must become less dependent upon caretakers. If fixation occurs at this stage, Freud believed the individual would have issues with dependency or aggression. Oral fixation can result in problems with drinking, eating, smoking or nail biting. As a result to studying Freud’s theory, later that evening I went to my mother and asked her , weather or not I was breast fed as an infant.

She went on to tell me that I was indeed breast fed but she didn’t continue to, because as an infant I was causing severe pain to her and she could no longer endure in the pain. She also went on to tell me that I did not seem to mind or notice the difference, the only thing that seemed to confront me and the only thing I cared about was my pass afire. My mother told me that I sucked on my pass afire until I was about 3. She tried to take it away, hide it, and even put things such as hot sauce so it would leave a nasty taste and I wouldn’t want it anymore.

But of course that didn’t work, my pass afire was my comfort. Now I see the relationship that I had with my pass afire, and as I got older and could no longer have it, I would need something else to help my urges, and that’s where my nail biting came into place. Even now, that I do not bite my nails I realized that my oral fixation moved from biting my nails to biting the tops of my pen. Even though this is considered an oral fixation , that I unconsciously seem to continue to do everyday, I am very happy that I did not pick up the habit of smoking or drinking.

Cite this Psychosexual Development

Psychosexual Development. (2017, Mar 18). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/psychosexual-development-2/

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