Life of the United States was radically reformed by the American Revolution through religious, social, economic, and various political changes. Between the rise of the battle at Lexington and Concord to the generous Treaty of Paris marks a series of events that contributed to the American Revolutionary war.
Although not as significant, the American Revolution brought various spiritual changes deriving from the fight for spiritual freedom. The strive for religious equality became Thomas Jefferson’s main motive in writing a bill that soon developed into the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom. The Americans strongly believed that they should be able to choose their faiths without affliction from the government. After many years of the American’s protesting for their natural rights, the disestablishment of the Anglican Church transformed into the Protestant Episcopal Church, finally bringing greater religious freedom which allowed other churches to flourish. This reformation brought separation from church and state and affirmed that American’s civil law will have no dependence on religious opinions.
More importantly, communal radical changes came about through Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, the abolition of slavery, and republican motherhood. Known as the most influential pamphlet ever written, Common Sense urged American independence and called for a republic. It opened Americans’ eyes and inspired them to focus on fighting for independence rather than reconciliation with Britain. Republicanism was practiced through town meetings and annual elections creating a whole new political debate between the colonists. At first the colonists were on the fence about independence but Thomas Paine radically influenced them to strongly believe that they shouldn’t be under the King’s corrupt government any longer. The people now believed that republicanism was the answer for a healthier society. Also, the founding of the world’s first antislavery society by the Philadelphia Quakers was influenced by the Continental Congress who called for complete abolition of the slave trade. The northern states were more impacted by this considering they thought it was morally wrong and they didn’t see a need for the labor since they focused on industrialism.
They completely abolished slavery and some even provided emancipation of blacks which is a step towards equality. Even Republican motherhood played an important role in providing equal rights. It evolved from the concept of civic virtue which became the reason why a mother is a good model for republican behavior. This idea expanded educational opportunities for women allowing them to better instruct the virtues to their families. The social life of the Americans experienced significant changes by introducing republicanism and equality through the Common Sense, slavery, and the rights of women.
Economically, one of the most influential changes through the American Revolution was the ruins of mercantilism with the British. States seized control over loyalist land and was cut up into small farms which started the spread of economic democracy. The colonists did everything in their power to avoid mercantilism since it came with many restrictions. Once it started ending through the nonimportation agreements, it produced economic nationalism. It introduced new opportunities to participate in protests and a stride towards unity. They supported free trade and freedom of the seas. Eventually, Americans could trade with any foreign country and no longer had to trade with Britain. The goods imported from England were mostly cutoff and the colonies remained agriculturalists.
Also, the Second Continental Congress decided to print money to help pay for the war against England. Inflation became a major issue causing many people to be in debt. The inflation hurt military families causing Americans to reject paper money. Even though the continentals were defective, it was good in terms of unity. The Model Treaty was introduced by the Continental Congress with the idea that common commercial interest would guarantee peaceful relations among the states. It served to create reciprocal trading terms between France and Spain in order to secure assistance against the British. This became a successful starting point for negotiations. This was important for the Americans in keeping stable alliances against the British. The ending of mercantilism, Second Continental Congresses, and the Model Treaty all play important roles in how changes were brought upon by the American Revolution commercially.
Above all, the most important changes brought by the American Revolution were through political actions. The Americans were significantly affected by the successful battle at Saratoga which granted them with foreign alliances influencing the idea of foreign policy. This turning point of the Revolution sealed an alliance with France, which in turn helped ensure their independence. The Declaration of Independence also persuaded Americans with the idea of cutting any connection with Britain because the king had invaded their natural rights.
This document was just another inspiration for the colonists to fight for independence leading towards equality. It also played a part in convincing foreign powers to help the colonies. The declaration announced the reasons the colonies separated from Britain and confirmed the unalienable rights among the Americans. Finally, by the Treaty of Paris, independence was recognized by the British, which ended the Revolutionary War in 1783. The United States officially existed as a country. They vowed to respect the debts owed to the British merchants and to stop persecuting British Loyalists. Generous boundaries were also granted, which stretched to the Mississippi on the west, to the Great Lakes on the north, and to Spanish Florida on the south. The battle of Saratoga, the Declaration of Independence, and the generous Treaty of Paris all vitally contributed to the political radical changes brought by the American Revolution.
Revolutionary changes prevailed upon various religious, social, economic, and political events leading towards intercolonial unity and independence. Although many contributions reformed the United States, the American Revolution was mostly impacted politically.