How did Palladio's Villa Rotunda utilize the ideals of the past? How was it also modern? 15 points
It is very noticeable that the Villa Rotunda is constructed in such a very proportional and balanced manner. If we are to observe the plan of the building, its major sections are symmetrical, very characteristic of the Renaissance Architecture. Renaissance is very associated with rebirth and at the same time is also rooted to the classic styles and ideologies. The Villa Rotunda was constructed on the countryside but upon its completion it appeared more modern. It didn’t focus on being a house were work is main activity, which is attributed to the classic ideals. Rather, it focused more on the betterment and retreat of man, which can be connected to the ideals of modern humanism.
How did Leonardo Da Vinci create space in his "Last Supper? 15 points
Upon first sight of the “Last Supper”, the symmetry is very much noticeable. Linear perspective is definitely used in this piece applying the principles of geometry and ratio. This created a harmonious space in the painting with Jesus Christ posing a very peaceful image at the center while all the other people appear to be chaotic. It appears that everything is drawn into him, which also highlights the message that the work of art is trying to convey. It is highlighted even more when Da Vinci created the panels and windows in the background. The perspective and other principles used generally help Da Vinci create a harmonious space and an obvious message in the “Last Supper”.
What changes occurred in the religious climate and atmosphere in the early 1500's? Who were the major participants in these changes? 20 points
Religion in the early 1500s is very central to the society in that the church almost share the same amount of power that the state has. In this manner, religion has played a major part in influencing the people and even different aspects of society. This is very much seen in the art, architecture, literature and philosophies of that time. Religion, especially Christianity achieved one of its highest levels during this time, particularly in Europe. We recall that the Catholic Church especially the pope being its leader had great influence in the decision making process of the state and other powerful people of society.
How did Michelangelo and Raphael differ in their beliefs about linear perspective? 20 points
The two painters have used linear perspective to bring out a three-dimension effect in a two-dimensional surface. Similarly, Raphael also preferred the use of linear perspective, more specifically the vanishing point. In his painting “The School of Athens”, the numerous characters involved were scattered all over the place. But still, there is a very obvious vanishing point at the center. Michelangelo’s “The Last Judgment” also used the linear perspective because it considered the appropriate sizes of the figures, much like Raphael’s work. His idea of the linear perspective is quite different with that of Raphael in that Michelangelo focused more on sizes of the elements in his painting.
Analyze Michelangelo's "Sistine Ceiling". Your answer should be well developed and cover all of the following points: basic elements (line, space, color); historical connections (who are some of the characters depicted); how does it reflect the ideas of the Renaissance? 35points
Michelangelo used natural colors in the Sistine Ceiling which even enhanced the quality of his painting. The space was well utilized and brought out the best in the characters involved, as we can see in the “Last Judgment”. The theme of the painting is undoubtedly very special and meaningful but other than that, the whole work of art was superb. Taking for example, Michelangelo’s section on “The Creation” also played with lines, especially in the part where the arms of the God and Adam stretch out to meet at the center. The point at which the tips of their fingers meet also act as the vanishing point and makes the whole picture more dramatic. It greatly reflects the ideas of the Renaissance because of the humanist ideals involved with it. Particularly, the Renaissance marks the rebirth of society wherein the arts, literature and architecture have experienced an obvious revolution. It also focused and depicted more human activities and characters. With religion having great influence on this era, the Renaissance painters have gracefully depicted human life, philosophical and artistic ideas with these works of art, like the Sistine Ceiling.