Repeasantization in Post-1990 Cuba
Today social transformation in many developing and undeveloped countries is driven by economic reforms. And the paper “Economic Reform and Repeasantization in Post-1990 Cuba” shows that Cuba is no exception as the country tends to match the most powerful countries and to improve its positions at the world‘s scene. Nevertheless, the most difficult moment in social transformation is that it affects religious life and nations are often forced to change their cultural and religious beliefs, values, lifestyles, etc., but religious structural adjustment is, in many cases, is the key to social transformation. Social transformation affects agricultural life as well, because economic reforms bring liberalized produced markets, multiple cooperatives, and subdivided cooperative production. Speaking about Cuba, it is necessary to underline that it was Cuba’s economic crisis that forced the country to refresh its agricultural policy and to fortify the positions of small farmers. (Enriquez, 202-218)
The central point is that repeasantization and maintenance of income disparities were two important factors that underlined Cuba’s economic development since 1990s. Agricultural reform changed the lives of the poorest farmers and they were treated as no worse than country’s average workers. It means that agriculture and workers were provided with more value and respect and, thus, the country placed the top priority on development of agricultural sector that remained dominant in production. One more interesting revelation I came across is that Cuban farmers tended to underreport their income creating thus difficulties in calculating the average income reports. Economic crisis in Cuba appeared to be the driving force in reshaping agricultural sector that managed to redress some of the imbalances that underwent development policy in Latin countries. I think that shifts in agricultural policy have resulted in fortified positions of small farmers. After reading the paper the question of interest is: What part of the country was hit harder by economic crisis – Santiago’s non-agricultural sector or the Province of Havana? (Enriquez, 202-218)
Enriquez, Laura. (2003). Economic Reform and Repeasantization in Post-1990 Cuba. Latin American Research Review, 38, 1, 202-218.