The First World War “ended” in 1918 in November, when the Treaty of Versailles was signed to create an armistice. Though this treaty became active on that day for Western Europe, this treaty did not take effect in Eastern Europe until up to mid-1920s. Political, cultural, and social order was changed immensely in Europe, Asia, and Africa, even countries not directly in the war. As a result of the damages from the war, many new countries were formed. Also, millions of people WORLDWIDE were killed after the war ended, by a virus we still battle today.
After the signing of the treaty of Versailles on November 11, 1918 to end the world war, there were many plagues upon the participating countries. The largest 4 countries (France, Russia, Germany, and Austria-Hungary) suffered over 50% casualty rate. The USA had casualties of 321 thousand, 8% of the deployed number of forces. Over 28 million casualties were suffered worldwide. Some researchers of the World Wars argue that there was just a single World War and that it was simply a small intermission between the two parts.
This theory is that the treaty asked for an armistice.
The definition of armistice is a temporary ceasefire between two opposing forces. In this definition, researchers argue that the armistice was ended when Adolf Hitler began the “Second” World War because the same parties involved before were involved in this war as well. The orders within countries all over the world, even those not involved in the war, were damaged in some way, whether politically, culturally, or socially. Borders were shifted, new countries formed and governments were overturned and/or replaced. Russia, Austria, Hungary, and Germany endured revolutions at the end of the war.
These revolutions aimed to bring forth communism in place of their governments. The revolutions succeeded in bringing communism to Germany, Russia, and Hungary; however the revolution in Russia brought forth the Soviet Union, but a later revolution transformed Russia into a communist nation. Culturally and socially countries changed because new countries formed and government and trades were changed. The landscape of Europe was ravaged by the hundreds of bombings, damages to cities were enormous and a large amount of money was needed to rebuild, housands to millions of people died, and the trauma from the war scarred an entire generation of people and opened their eyes to cruelty of war and the world. Disputes over leadership and land claims lead to creation of new countries; such as Austria, Czechoslovakia, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, and Yugoslavia. Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia formed by secession from their previous countries. Austria and Hungary became the two parts of the split Austro-Hungary Empire. Austria took the eastern part of the empire and Hungary took the western part.
Finland, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia were released from ownership as Russian territories and they became their own countries. When the war had ended and deployment had begun, armed forces in Europe came in contact with the influenza virus. Without knowing, these soldiers began their journey back to the states with the virus and a great potential to spread it throughout the country. The virus began in the army training base Fort Riley and army medical center Camp Funston in Kansas.
The Influenza Epidemic of 1918 caused over 50 million deaths worldwide and about 25-28% of Americans contracted the virus and from 500 to 675 thousand Americans died from the disease. In many countries throughout the world, the virus killed more than the overall number of armed forces killed in all of the battles of World War I combined. The results of World War I could be argued as an intermission into World War II but the purposes of each war was different, and though most of the same countries were included in the second war, many countries were dragged in by allies.
The main reason behind the start of World War I was the assignation of Archduke Ferdinand and the Austro-Hungarian’s declaration of war towards Serbia. Russia aided their ally, Serbia, while Germany aided their ally, Austria-Hungary. From here, other allies were dragged in by treaties of alliance. World War II was begun by Hitler’s defiance of the Treaty of Versailles and road to revenge against the countries that blamed Germany for the start of World War I. Therefore, World War I did, in fact, have an end and World War II was a separate war. There was not just a simple intermission within a single World War.
Cite this Results of World War 1
Results of World War 1. (2017, Mar 23). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/results-of-world-war-1/