Study Guide for Intro to Literature Romeo and Juliet & Shakespearean Tragedy Vocabulary words: Tragedy = is a dramatic work that presents the downfall o a dignified character. Tragic hero characters who are involved in historically or socially significant events. Soliloquy = is a speech in which a character speaks his or her thoughts aloud and usually the character is alone on stage when doing this.
Aside = is a short speech directed to an audience or a certain character that is not heard but other characters on stage Comic relief = consists of humorous scenes, incidents or speeches that are included in a serious drama to provide a reduction in emotional intensity.
Prologue = is an introductory scene in a drama.
Blank verse is an unrushed poetry written in iambic pentameter Foreshadowing = is the writers use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in the story. Dramatic irony = where the reader or viewer knows something that a character doesn’t know Symbolism = is a person, a place, an object or an activity that stands for something beyond itself.
Paradox is a seemingly contradictory or absurd statement that may nonetheless suggest an important truth Characters:
Romeo – son of Montague Mercuric – friend of Romeo and kinsman of Prince Table – nephew of Juliet Juliet – daughter of Capsule Nurse – takes care of Juliet Rosalie -? Romeos crush in beginning of play Friar Laurence -a priest that helps out Benevolent – nephew of Montague and friend of Romeo Montague – Romeos father Capsule – Gullet’s father Peter – servant to Juliet nurse Paris – a young nobleman, supposed to marry Juliet Prince – ruler of Verona, tries to keep peace Possible Quotes: ACT “l do but keep the peace. Put up thy sword, Or manage it to part these men with me. ” “What, drawn, and talk of peace!
I hate the word As I hate hell, all Montages, and thee. ” “If ever you disturb our streets again, Your lives shall pay the forfeit of thy peace. ” “Herbs much to do with hate but more with love. Why then, O brawling love, O loving hate, O anything of nothing first created! ” “I’ll look to like if looking liking move. But no more deep will I endear mine eye Than your consent gives strength to make it fly. ” “A man, young lady! Lady, such a man As all the world-?why he’s a man of wax. ” “If love be rough with you, be rough with love. ” “She is the fairies midwife, and she comes
In shape no bigger than an agate stone. ” “Is love a tender thing? It is too rough, Too rude, too boisterous, and it pricks like thorn. ” “My only love sprung from my only hate! Too early seen unknown, and known too late! ” “Oh, dear account! My life is my foe’s debt. ” ACT II “But soft! What light through yonder window breaks? It is the east and Juliet is the sun. Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon. ” “O Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo? ” “See how she leans her cheek upon her hand. Oh, that I were a glove on that hand That I might touch that check! ” “What’s in a name?
That which we call a rose By any other name would smell as sweet. ” “With love’s light wings did I reproach these walls, For stony limits cannot hold love out” “Lady, by the yonder blessed moon I vow That tips with silver “O, swear not by the moon, the’ inconstant moon, That monthly changes in her circle orb, Lest that thy love prove likewise variable. ” “O blessed, blessed night! I am feared, Being in night, all this is but a dream, Too flattering sweet to be substantial. ” “Young men’s love then lies Not truly in their hearts, but in their eyes. ” “Wisely and slow. They stumble that run fast. Love’s heralds should be thoughts, Which ten times faster glide than the sun’s beam. ” “These violent delights have violent ends. ” “Parting is such sweet sorrow’ “l have forgot that name and that name’s woe. ” “In one respect I’ll thy assistant be; For this alliance may so happy prove, To turn your household’s rancho to pure love. ” ACT Ill “l do protest I never injured thee, But love thee better than thou cants devise Till thou shall know the reason of my love. ” “A plague o’ both your houses! They have made worms meat of me. ” “Oh, I am fortune’s fool! ” “And when I shall die,
Take him and cut him out in little stars, And he will make the face of heaven so fine That all the world will be in love with the night And pay no worship to the garish sun. ” “Methinks I see thee now, thou art so low As one dead in the bottom of the tomb. ” “l would the fool were married to her grave! ” “GO, counselor! Thou and my bosom henceforth shall be twain. ” “l do spy a kind of hope, Which craves as desperate an execution As that is desperate which we would prevent. ” ACT V “Then I defy you stars! ” “l dreamed my lady came and found me dead. ” “Death, that hath sucked the honey of thy breath,
Hath had no power yet upon they beauty. ” “See what a scourge is laid upon your hate, That heaven finds means to kill your joys with love. ” “A gloaming peace this morning with it brings. The sun, for sorrow, will not show his head. ” “Capsule! Montague! See what a scourge is laid upon your hate That heaven finds means to kill your joys with love! And l, for winking at your discords too, Have lost a brace of kinsmen. All are punished. ” Questions for Review: 1 . What is the name of Shakespearean theater? – The Globe 2. What kind of poetry does Shakespeare use for his PLAYS? – Blank verse 3.
What kind of poems does Shakespeare write? – Iambic pentameter 4. Draw the Shakespearean plot triangle and label it with the Acts. 5. What part of the plot is the balcony scene? – Rising Action 6. What part Of the plot is Gullet’s receiving Of the potion? Falling Action 7. What part of the plot is the opening fight scene? – Exposition 8. What part of the plot is the fight between Romeo, Table, and Mercuric? – Climax 9. What part of the plot is the death of Juliet? – Resolution 10. Why are Romeo and Juliet star-crossed lovers? – Because there was no way they would have thought they would fall in eve but they did 1 1 .
Why does the play open with a fight between the Capsules and Montages? – To show you there long history of fighting and the conflict they have 12. What is Romeos tragic flaw? – His flaw is that he doesn’t think before he acts 13. What kind of figurative language is used in the balcony scene? 14. Who is a foil for Benevolent? – Table because Table is aggressive and Benevolent is peaceful 15. Who is a foil for Juliet? – Nurse because she is old and complex while Juliet is young and
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