Routine Activity Theory
Though there are many theories I studied one which is routine activity theory which was developed by Marcus Felson and Lawrence E. Cohen. These people strongly believed that crime is unaffected by social causes such as poverty, inequality, and unemployment. There are of course some sociologists who believe in the social causes of crime. Although there is of course some routine activity theory related crimes some sociologist just can’t agree. For crime to be committed, three aspects are needed A motivated offender, A suitable target, and the lack of a Capable Guardian.
It is also said that crime is normal and depends on the opportunities available. It says that if a target is not protected enough, and if the reward is worth it, crime will happen. Crime does not need hardened offenders, super-predators, convicted felons or wicked people. Crime just needs an opportunity. The basic premise of routine activity theory is that most crimes are petty theft and unreported to the police. Crime is neither spectacular nor dramatic. It is routine and happens all the time.
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To continue, studies say Routine activity theory can also help explain the dramatic rise in crime during the 1960s. Due to the increase in female participation in the labor market, the homes are left without a capable guardian as adult caretakers at home during the day decreased. Furthermore, rapid growth of suburbs and the decline of more traditional neighborhood, led to the decline of informal controls that would have once existed with a tightly-knit neighborhood.
It is said that there was something referred to as the baby-boom generation which meant coming of age in the 1960s to the 1980s, it amounted to an excessive number of motivated offenders and crime rate predictable increased in a similar manner. With such changes in the nuclear family, more and more youths were lacking supervision, especially when both parents worked outside the home; the number of temptations increased for youth to commit crimes. Furthermore,