Safeguarding: Bullying and Young People Essay
Their health and development could be impaired as its possible they could withdraw from family and peers which would affect them emotionally and also developmentally fall behind with educational milestones (if school Is missed). Children need a safe environment to grow up In free from abuse and neglect. Parents, teachers and professionals are there to be approachable and accessible if needed, when/if any problem or concerns were to arise.
This is all crucial in a child’s upbringing as the care they receive through their childhood will contribute to the success of the child’s ability to reach their full potential into adulthood.
B. Explain the Importance of a child and young person centered approach. The importance of a child centered approach is to include seeing and keeping a child soused through difficulties they could be experiencing. Listening and ascertaining a child’s wishes and feelings will be important for the child.
It is also important that the professional close to the child understands their daily lives and what they might be experiencing, no matter how hard it could be for the adult to hear.
It Is important to use a centered approach when safeguarding children. As this will give you the first hand opinion and facts from the child including feelings and wishes about their current situation and their future. This will make the organizations response more accurate and appropriate to meet the specific needs of the child or young person.
It is important therefore to develop a trusting relationship with the child or young person as this will make it easier to discuss their wishes and concerns, which will give the professionals the opportunity to involve the child or young person where possible In decision making about current Intervention If necessary and any future action, as the unknown’ will undoubtedly be a worry to the child so hopefully making them aware step by step will make the process less daunting and give a more accurate diagnosis to the problem. C.
Explain what is meant by partnership working in the context of safeguarding. ‘Partnership’ within the context of safeguarding Is achieving better outcomes through Improved service delivery. Partnership working has come a long way In recent years. There is now a consensus that effective partnership working is essential in order to design, develop and deliver personal services for those requiring support and assistance to optimism their independence and happiness. The most important features of an effective partnership are engaging the right people and ensuring they function as a genuine team.
Partnerships within the context of safeguarding is to facilitate a co-ordinate service; Identify and respond to gaps In provision;enable families. Partnership means everyone developing strong partnership links with relevant agencies and within the community and to be committed to sharing and accessing relevant information across appropriate agencies. D. Explain policies and procedures that are in place to protect children and young people and adults who work with them. Policies and procedures are put in place to protect children and young people, there are also policies put in place to protect the adults working with them.
Child Protection policy, qualities policy, SHE and citizenship policy safeguarding policy and anti-bullying policy. Strategies from all of these policies are combined in all areas of the school day to protect all who work and learn in school. Promoting positive behavior is the way forward as children learn best and behave best when they know what is expected of them and when they are positively encouraged to behave well. They need to have opportunities to experience success and also need to be aware that if they do not behave appropriately they will e consistently but fairly treated.
Each child knows the code of conduct which is displayed around the school, included in the home/school agreement and is reiterated during assembly/PHASE times. As well as the children the policies and procedures are there to also protect the adults that work with children. It is essential that all professionals follow safe working practices too, as this protects everyone. For example if a disclosure is made by a child it must always be taken seriously and the correct procedure followed as in the safeguarding policy even if this turns out to be a stake or untrue.
When adults working within the school adhere to the policies and procedures while working they are not putting themselves into a position where allegations can be made true or false. For example if a child needs a nappy change there should always be two members of staff present, or if a child has an injury the adult should query it if it has not happened at school and inform the class teacher or safeguarding officer as necessary. If the injury has occurred at school then an accident form should be filled in and the appropriate first aid carried out by the signaled first eider.
All injuries should be timed and dated and an explanation or drawing of the injury should be documented for future reference. E. Explain different types of bullying and the potential effects on children and young people. Physical Physical bullying can happen to any age of person whether it is children, young adults, adults or elderly people and any time. Physical bullying can be anything that has physical contact between one individual to another and any form of violence or threats. E. G. Pushing, kicking, hitting, biting, poking, choking, slapping or pinching.
The potential effects on children and young adults that are bullied could be:; Poor academic achievement. ; Truanting from school (to escape bullies). ; A child becomes withdrawn, lacks confidence and starts to stammer. ; The child becomes distressed, anxious or depressed. ; The child crying more (maybe at bed times or when alone) or suffers nightmares. ; Loss of appetite. ; The child suffers bruising, cuts, scratches etc. Verbal This is usually done to somebody that is known to them or has contact with via friends or others.
Verbal bullying is when somebody says something that is hurtful to another person to cause deliberate upset, this can include name calling, insults, behind their back, saying hurtful things about their appearance, race and color. The potential effects on children and young adults that are bullied could be:; They show aggressive tendencies Oust like their bullies). ; They might turn their anger inward becoming self destructive (Engage in substance abuse). ; Delayed development. ; Become depressed or anxious. ; Low self esteem. ; Lacks confidence. ; A child becomes withdrawn and isolated.
Emotional This is usually done by somebody that is known to you or you have contact with via rinds or others. When they verbally tell you things that make you feel bad about yourself, this can be by putting you down or making you scared. This may be done on purpose or without realizing that they are doing or saying. They could be telling you that you are fat, ugly, stupid, worthless or wish you had never been born, it is still wrong even if they don’t realism they are doing it. The potential effects on children and young adults that are bullied could be:; Blaming yourself. ; Depression. ; Self harming. Feeling or being physically ill. ; Developing phobias. ; Induce fear/scared. ; Lack confidence (shyness). ; Mental health problems in children. Accessibility When a person or a group of people that might be known or unknown to them communicates using CIT equipment (e-mails, social networking sites, chat rooms etc) or mobile phones (text messages)and sets out deliberately to upset them by making threatening, nasty or untrue comments about the person that is being bullied. The potential effects on children and young adults that are bullied could be:; Depression. ; Unhappy (suicidal); Low self-esteem; Self harming. Shyness. ; A child becomes withdrawn and isolated. F. Explain how to support a child or young person and/or their family when bullying is suspected or alleged. When we dealing with someone who is being bullied they can be upset but may not show it, we have to listen children/young people, we have to talk to them, but not in front of others, because for them it can be very embarrassed. Providing reassurance that it is not child/young person fault, no-one deserves to be bullied. With older children we can ask them to write exactly what happened, who was with them there, that we can speak with other people.
Some parents have really struggled with help their child being bullying. Some have to cope with the information that their child is a bully. We have to discuss what has happened with parents and work out with them a plan for handling the child’s behavior. We have to listen to parents, let them explain how they feel. Share with them useful information so they can start thinking how to support their child. We can offer look in the internet for some good sites of bullying; Bullying I-J, Child Line, NSP, Seedcase. Org. From the parents point of view they may also be feeling distress, angry to hear that their child has been bullied.
To support parents in that situation is o reassure them that our priority is to safeguard their child and that we’ll take their concerns very seriously. G. Explain how to support children and young people’s self confidence and self esteem. We can support children and young people’s self confidence and self esteem by building up their resilience to try things out, not give in or up, learn that it’s perfectly normal to try some things often before they have accomplished something, but not worrying if they don’t succeed in everything.
To get make them feel that they are important, encourage children to try things out for themselves . Resilience is something that needs to be built up in layers. Some children may have a better disposition/character that may make them gain resilience a little easier, for those that don’t have such an ‘easy’ nature, they may need a little more help to gain skills to help them build up their resilience. H. Explain ways of empowering children and young people to make positive and informed choices that support their well-being and safety.
We can empower children and young people by ensuring they are making good decisions about their well-being and safety by ensuring we are supporting them to help keep them safe and help purport their own well -being. There are different ways to do this such as helping them to understand boundaries by reinforcing issues when they arise in a positive manner such as taking turns , being patient and no pushing. If a child has a conflict we must let them resolve their conflict when possible.
As an adult working with children we must promote positive relationships, whether it’s child to child, child to adult, adult to adult or adult to child. As part of children’s investigation and playing children should be allowed to risk assess for themselves. Allow children to lead their wan activity without guided instructions so they can see what needs to be done and how they can achieve this. We all learn by taking risks so when a child wants to take a risk we must be there to help them and support them. L.
Describe the roles and responsibilities of the different organizations that may be involved when a child or young person has been abused or harmed. Social Services. Investigate and protect any vulnerable child or young person. To protect the vulnerable child or young person removing them from harm or the abuser if absolutely necessary. NSP. Preventing cruelty to children. To support the child as well as prevention, reporting, referral, investigation and treatment follow up as appropriate. Health visitor Advise on health and child development.
Report to relevant authorities including G. P on child or young person’s health and development. To promote mental physical and social wellbeing to child and family. GAP Treats acute and chronic illnesses. Provides preventative care and health education relevant to a treatment plan to a particular case or referral onto another medical practitioner relevant to a treatment plan Police Maintain law and order Investigate and protect the vulnerable child or adult, including in a conviction of the abuser.
Psychology service Work with children and young persons who have behavioral, emotional and learning difficulties. To support and mend any learnt behavioral, emotional or learning difficulties that have resulted from the abuse/harm. Pediatrician Specializes in the care of children and young people. Will carry out an examination of the abused/harmed and document findings relevant to the investigation and refer to any other organization’s needed in returning the child or young person to full mental and physical fitness.
Physiotherapists Aim to increase movement/ co-ordination Help children or young people increase movement and co-ordination problems that have occurred as a result from harm or abuse. J. Explain why it is important to ensure children and young people are protected from and young people from harm within the setting by ensuring they have read the policies and procedures put in place to protect them and the children. Professionals should avoid being alone in a closed room with a child, if so leave the door open. If a child is late being collected then get another member of staff stay with the child until arenas arrives.
When incidents or accidents occur always get a witness to sign the accident form. Off site visits you protect yourself by always follow your settings policies and procedures for offset visits. Ask the teacher to see a full risk assessment, when we have ever gone on a school trip all adults are given a copy of all the information for that trip, for example a risk assessment, all the children’s information, parental/careers consent forms, all staff exchange mobile phone numbers. Make sure the staff ratio is in line within the guidance of Offset.