Salmonella: Gastroenteritis and Academic Writing
Salmonella is an infection more formally known as Salmonellosis - Salmonella: Gastroenteritis and Academic Writing introduction. It is a food borne illness that targets and attacks the intestinal tract. In the past years, this disease has caused many to get sick and in some cases, even death. The food industry is continuously creating ways to ensure the public health including public awareness and better rules and regulation on food safety. Salmonella is a life-threatening infection if not treated properly. It is a bacterium that leads to other illnesses such as typhoid fever, food poisoning, gastroenteritis, enteric fever as well as many other illnesses.
Salmonella [Typographical error: eliminate duplicate word (if on the same line)] infection, more formally known as Salmonellosis, is a bacterial disease that targets and attacks the intestinal tract. Salmonella is a bacterium that leads to other illnesses such as typhoid fever, food poisoning, gastroenteritis, enteric fever as well as many other illnesses. People become infected with this disease mostly through contaminated water or foods, especially through meat, poultry and [in academic writing, if this is a series, place a comma before the final conjunction (and)] eggs.
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Salmonella poisoning is caused [The passive voice is a form of “be” (is) and a participle (caused). Over-use of the passive voice can make paragraphs officious and tedious to read. Prefer the active voice. For example, passive voice = The paper was completed on time. Active voice = the student completed the paper on time. See Center for Writing Excellence > Tutorials & Guides > Grammar & Writing Guides > Active & passive voice] by the Salmonella bacteria.
This bacterium is found inside the digestive system of many animals and is most frequently passed to humans through the feces. Humans are more at risk of ingesting this disease through infected food (mostly poultry, beef or eggs) that has been improperly cooked [Passive voice ] or stored. Cooking at home must be taken [Passive voice ] seriously and while cooking be sure to use proper sanitation skills. Always wash vegetables and fruits before consuming whether it is store bought [Passive voice ] or home grown.
Preparing these products in a personal setting is another likely source of spreading salmonella bacteria around the house with something simple as the proper washing of hands. Always wash hands with water as hot as you [Eliminate second person (you, your) in academic documents and avoid addressing the reader directly. Prefer third-person pronouns (he, she, they, it)] can take and properly scrub all [Writing suggestion: “All” or “all of” used as an intensifier very often can be removed with no loss of meaning] areas from the hands up to the elbows, and rinse.
In storing of these foods be sure to keep sanitation in mind. Use [If this is not in a title, avoid the imperative mood (a command) in academic writing because it addresses the reader personally (an unwritten “you,” which is the second person narrative mode)] different cutting boards when preparing these items and always store properly. Items such as raw meats and poultry should never be stored [Passive voice ] over other raw consumable foods such as fruits and vegetables.
The results of this improper storage can lead to another form known as Cross Contamination which [Use “that” for a restrictive phrase (or place a comma before “which”)] is the spreading of bacteria to other items that might [Check word choice: Use “might” to indicate an uncertain possibility. Use “may” for a possibility almost a sure thing] not be infected [Passive voice ] . Risk of cross contamination is highest when food that needs to be cooked [Passive voice ] comes in contact with food that does not need to be cooked [Passive voice ] .
Using a knife to cut open a package of chicken and then [consider removing “then”] trim the excess fat or skin, then without the washing of hands and proper cleaning of the knife, you [second person] turn and [in academic writing, if this is a series, place a comma before the final conjunction (and)] start cutting vegetables for a salad, are an example of cross contamination. Spreading these bacteria affects humans, more frequently, in the form of food poisoning. Food poisoning can infect one person or a group of people who have digested contaminated products.
Places where sanitation might not be a great [Writing suggestion: “great” is an overworked word, too frequently seen, and too vague. It has too many meanings: huge, superior, numerous, etc. Use a more specific adjective] concern, such as picnics or large social gatherings, are usually where this bacterium has a greater chance of spreading. Symptoms of infection usually start one hour to two hours after the digestion of contaminated foods. [Insert comma] Depending on the severity of the infection this time could be shorter or longer [Insert comma] depending on the cause of infection.
Symptoms of the most common food poisonings include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and fever. If diagnosed with food poisoning the symptoms usually last for a week or less with no treatment. Staying properly hydrated is a necessity while infected with salmonellosis. The result of infection leaves the body expelling a lot of [Only commercial shipments and real estate are measured in lots. To use “a lot of” to mean “many,” “much,” or “a large amount” is a colloquialism (not universally clear). Use another term. ] fluids through diarrhea and vomiting.
More severe cases will be treated [Passive voice ] with antibiotics and other medications to help subdue this bacterium. Typhoid fever is another form of the salmonella bacteria which [Use “that” for a restrictive phrase (or place a comma before “which”)] causes a skin rash of pink spots, high fever, and even delirium. Typhoid fever is commonly treated [Passive voice ] with antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin or ceftriaxone. Although these infections can pass on their own or be treated [Passive voice ] with antibiotics, these infections should be taken [Passive voice ] seriously.
Salmonella can be a fatal disease, but in most cases is livable through the proper treatments. Sanitation is a key role in preventing the spread of this bacterium. Use the proper steps when washing and preparing food for consumption. Be sure that meats, poultry and [in academic writing, if this is a series, place a comma before the final conjunction (and)] eggs are cooked [Passive voice ] to proper temperatures to kill any infected bacteria that may be present.
Wash hands and any surfaces that come in contact with products that may be at risk of carrying these bacteria. Although [As the start of a sentence, “Although” can form only the first part of an introductory phrase. If this is not the case here, you have written a sentence fragment. Try to attach this to another sentence. ] salmonella is a life threatening disease it can be prevented [Passive voice ] through very basic steps of prevention. .