Slavery has been a conflict on American soil ever since the writing of the American Constitution when our founding fathers debated whether or not to include slavery in the constitution. But by the mid 19th century a final confrontation broke out when the south seceded to protect their institution of slavery leading to the start of the American Civil War. The north and south had two completely different economic structures. The north was a more industrial based society were most people worked in factories or at the harbor.
But the south was more agriculturally based with farms and plantations. Given the north was based in factories with people collecting wages, there was very little need for slaves. The south on the other hand required slaves for its economic stability. The slaves were the ones that to tended to the plantations where cash crops such as cotton was grown. With the large areas, many slaves were needed to collect all of the product which the white population refused to do, causing the south to be dependent on slavery to sustain its economy, even though it was a poor one.
When looked at politically the Sothern states believed that they should receive more rights. This struggle focused heavily on slavery and whether or not the federal government had the right to regulate or even abolish slavery within any state. These debates were focused mainly between northern and southern state, making the divide with the nation greater. But even though these debates were focused on states rights (another cause of the civil war) this conflict wouldn’t have risen up unless slavery was not the main goal of the south.
By the mid 19th century the Civil War began when the south seceded to mainly protect their institution of slavery. Both the north and the south fought the Civil War for different reasons. The south, to keep slavery legal within their states and to allow it to spread. The north fought to keep the Union together, which would not have been a problem if the south would not have seceded to keep slavery legal within their states. But politically, economically and socially, slavery had an aspect in every region within each of the causes of the Civil War.