Soci Quiz 8 GENDER

Although a binary sex system imposes order in the world and helps us make sense of a complicated mass of populations, it also:
limits our ability to accept difference.
Which theoretical perspective assumed that every society had certain structures that existed to fulfill some set of necessary functions?
structural functionalism
By looking at anthropological findings in tribal societies, sociologists can see fluidity in gender, which helps us see that the boundaries within our own system of gender:
may not be stable.
Alfred Kinsey’s 1948 study, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, is important because:
it viewed sexuality as falling on a continuum, thus challenging the psychiatric claim of homosexuality as “abnormal.”
Jobs that have been feminized, such as teaching or secretarial work, are also referred to as:
pink-collar jobs.
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Sociologist Cynthia Fuchs Epstein argues that deceptive distinctions are those sex differences that arise out of the roles individuals occupy, rather than from some innate force. Which of the following is NOT an example of deceptive distinctions?
a girl who is a cheerleader and acts unanimated and unenthusiastic
What argument do Reskin and Roos use to support the reason women end up in lower-paid jobs?
These jobs are not attractive to men.
Gender structures social relationships between people unequally. This is a statement that would be supported by which group?
feminists
Patricia Hill Collins claims that gender intersects with race, class, nationality, and religion. Which group has made the case that early liberal feminism was largely by, about, and for white middle-class women?
black feminists
Although women now outnumber men in terms of college enrollment, men still dominate which fields?
math and physics
Michael Kimmel found that in the eighteenth century, the ideal man was very different than the modern-day ideal man. The ideal man in the 1700s was:
a quiet and “nerdy” intellectual who enjoyed writing poetry.
According to Talcott Parsons, the nuclear family is the ideal arrangement in modern society because it fulfills the function of reproducing workers and the division of labor ensures a stable society. What did Parsons call this theory?
sex role theory
Surgeons today recommend prompt surgery to make intersex children conform to an ideal of normal genitalia. About 90 percent of these surgeries:
reassign an ambiguous male anatomy into a female one.
Until 1973, the American Psychiatric Association and the American Psychological Association listed homosexuality as:
a mental disorder.
Which theory might argue that “it is beneficial for society as a whole when men and women stick to their ‘normal’ roles”?
Parson’s sex role theory
What term refers to the invisible barriers women face when they enter more prestigious corporate worlds?
glass ceiling
In the classroom, compared to boys, girls:
are expected to be better at reading.
Which theoretical perspective argues that gender is a product of social interactions, and that by “doing gender” men and women create and contribute to the gendered patterns we see?
symbolic interaction
Why do parents and surgeons push to assign a sex to a genitally ambiguous child?
social discomfort and fear of difference
According to Judith Lorber, differences between the sexes are not easy to explain because gender isn’t natural, but rather is:
a social institution.
All of the following examples call into question the two firm categories of sex and gender that dominate our thinking EXCEPT:
the existence of male/female teams in sports.
It is argued in your text that gender structures social relationships by giving men the advantage in society. Which of the following is LEAST likely to happen?
When men enter female-dominated occupations, they often become victims of sexual harassment.
Feminist psychoanalyst Nancy Chodorow believes that if men share mothering with women, then:
egalitarian relationships will be possible.
When token men enter feminized jobs, they enjoy a quicker rise to leadership positions. This is referred to as:
glass escalator
While the notion of sex refers to biological characteristics, the concept of gender refers to:
social characteristics.
What argument do Reskin and Roos use to support the reason women end up in lower-paid jobs?
These jobs are not attractive to men
Your text mentions several reasons why American teenagers are rapidly spreading STDs. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons?
Teens believe if they don’t climax they will not get an STD.
If we apply our sociological imaginations to sex, gender, and sexuality, we might argue that:
although biological differences exist between men and women, what we make of those differences is socially constructed and has changed through time and place.
Jobs that have been feminized, such as teaching or secretarial work, are also referred to as:
pink-collar jobs.
Under the sex/gender system, men universally perform the kinds of tasks that:
are accorded higher value than those done by women.
Feminist philosopher Elizabeth Grosz proposed that we view the relationship between sex (the natural) and gender (the social) as existing on a Möbius strip because:
sex and gender are two sides of the same coin and are thus inseparable.
The study of gender is basically the study of how two spheres shape each other. What are the two spheres?
nature and nurture
Similar to hegemonic masculinity, social problems that exist within a dominant group in a society tend to be:
invisible because it is regarded as the norm.
What is the term that refers to desire, sexual preference, sexual identity, and behavior?
sexuality
In the classroom, compared to boys, girl
are expected to be better at reading
Surgeons today recommend prompt surgery to make intersex children conform to an ideal of normal genitalia. About 90 percent of these surgeries:
reassign an ambiguous male anatomy into a female one.
All of the following examples call into question the two firm categories of sex and gender that dominate our thinking EXCEPT:
the existence of male/female teams in sports.
According to Talcott Parsons, the nuclear family is the ideal arrangement in modern society because it fulfills the function of reproducing workers and the division of labor ensures a stable society. What did Parsons call this theory?
sex role theory
Carol Gilligan found that boys and girls played differently on the playground. In comparison to boys, girls tended to:
play more cooperative and people-based games
The basic idea behind feminism is that women and men should be:
accorded equal opportunities and respect.
Hegemonic masculinity can be best described as:
the dominant, privileged, and often invisible category of men at any point in history
According to Robert Merton, “middle-range” theories are useful because they:
connect out day-to-day experiences to larger social forces
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