Social and Economic Changes in the Atlanitc World as a Result of Contacts Among Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas
As a result of new contacts among Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas from 1492 to 1750, social and economic transformations occurred in the Atlantic world. There were several social changes that occurred in the Americas, Africa and Western Europe due to their contacts with the Atlantic world. These regions also underwent economic changes. By the mid-1700s, Western Europe was socially and economically dominating Africa and the Americas. Many social developments arose in the Americas, Western Europe and Africa during this time.
The Americas experienced a huge change when they were invaded by Europe. Natives were forced into labor, killed and a new social order was created with Europeans on top and natives/Africans on the bottom. The native Americans received (or had forced upon them) Christianity, which also created education for them. When the Americas were first invaded, the conquistadors also brought new technology and ideas, along with diseases like smallpox, which played a huge part in their downfall. Africa also experienced social developments, though many were negative.
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Enslavement occurred, which resulted in families being torn apart. Leaders of tribes sold out their own (and other people) for weapons and money. This is a large part of why Africa is a third world country today. Like the Americas, Africa received diseases from Europeans. One of the only positive outcomes of this was the small advancement in technology and their being exposed to outside cultures. Western Europe, a huge collection of powerful nations in that time frame, resulted in an abundance of positive outcomes from their connections with the Atlantic world.
Prices for many products went down due to crops and labor in the Americas. Textiles were built which lowered the price of cloth and created jobs. All of these developments led to the industrialization of Europe (and other countries later). An extremely influential occurrence that happened in the given time frame was the religious revolution. The Counter and Protestant reformations changed the way countries were organized geographically, governmentally and socially.
The few (but substantial) negative effects of Western Europe’s connection with the Atlantic world were overpopulation and the start of child labor. Economic developments arose in Africa, Western Europe and the Americas. Western Europe, then a huge leader in advancement, received huge economic profit from the connection with the Atlantic World. Slave labor was created, making jobs and bringing in profit and free labor. Slave trade was mainly used with the Spanish, Portuguese, the English, and the 13 colonies. The industrial revolution commenced as a result of W.
Europe’s power increase, and England was the first. The Americas received European currency from the connections they made with Western Europe and the other invading countries. Unfortunately for the natives, the ecomienda and mita systems were created, tying them to the land and starting a kind of loss of freedom. As a result, native Americans became completely reliant on the economic systems brought overseas. Plantations created a huge increase in profit for everyone, and gold and precious metal mining created jobs and began an explosion of wealth to all entailed (especially Europe).
Africa again got the negative results from these connections. Millions of innocent people were carried away as a result of the slave trade, which meant less workers and no one to advance technology. Africa experienced an almost dead stop in their economy between 1492 and 1750. Overall, many positive outcomes (with the exception of Africa) came from the connections that occurred between the Atlantic world, and W. Europe, Africa and the Americas. The connections caused both social and economic changes in these regions.