Social Exclusion and Inclusive Attitudes toward Individuals on the Fringes of `Regular` Society

Social Exclusion and Inclusive Attitudes toward Individuals on the Fringes of `Regular` Society

The Trick is to Keep Breathing by `Janice Galloway`, and `Trainspotting` by Irvine Welsch)

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Thesis Statement

Modern society, when observing this type of human tragedy, tends deftly to dissect the conceptions and in most instances, forms of misconceptions within a given situation.  A combination of chronic bereavement, unstable sanity, and borderline insanity produce a lifestyle fueled by societal alienation.  The outside world’s feeble attempt at an ultimate salvation through the reactions of various struggles seeks to desperately to keep individuals woefully inadequate to cope with life afloat.  While immersed in an aggressive drug culture, the Train spotting character is totally focused on his supporting an addicted lifestyle, displaying neither ability nor desire to move to a normal or traditional type of life - Social Exclusion and Inclusive Attitudes toward Individuals on the Fringes of `Regular` Society introduction.  The irony is most ordinary people in the U.K. think it “Trainspotting” is a very abnormal hobby, and in everyday English, “trainspotter” means “a boring person,” (Trains, 2008)

Galloway’s The Trick Is to Keep Breathing main character evolves from within a darkened room, immediately all who enter are drawn inside her confused psychology, illustrated by her long sits quietly in the dark, nervously checking the clock, physically jumping at the slightest noises.  Socially alienated by friends coupled with her personal continued fall into drug addiction, personal lives become more desperate, the detrimental influence of haphazard medication and uncomprehending family and friends cause the character a continued losing struggle to correct a destructive life’s path.  Uncomprehending friends lack the sense of support to assist in finding meaning in the character’s for life.  The reason to keep on living following the accidental drowning of her married lover causes ever more insanity.  The alienation and reactions of various characters desperately her keep somewhat buoyed despite the detrimental influence of less than concern therapists.

The purpose of this narrative, raw and affecting expose, explores the impact of drugs and depression on social exclusion and inclusion of young adults in stark gritty urban settings.  The ongoing personal issues ostracize the attitudes towards individuals existing on the far reaches of acceptable society.  In both gripping stories, these not so distant young adults have extreme difficulty find true meaning in life and concrete reasons to keep on living in a full society.

The characters in both stories cleverly reflect their lives back onto society and ones around them, mostly friends and family.  They force the environment around them to think about what makes someone take drugs and or fall into illness and then about the effects of them on one’s self and all of the personal relationships close to them.

Even through their constant self-demoralizing effect, the innate sense of pride attempts to surface and forces them to try and decide whether they should “choose life” or choose to do what with life.  In the inner talks about choosing life versus choosing their current lifestyle: the drug culture, for the characters, spends most of their time either searching for their next high or attempting to redeem oneself from the last one.  In their world, life without the drugs or medication or self-abuse, has no real existence.  As noted, in real life, the other characters in both works display the same human failings if not an equal dependency on drugs.

Deaths, wakes, and funerals regularly punctuate the characters and their personal lives and themes of both works.  The death of the baby in Trainspotting and the main character’s admission to the hospital, forces him to begin his gradual journey toward what most would consider a normal life.  In Galloway’s The Trick Is to Keep Breathing through a series of flashbacks, the untimely deaths of the main character’s married lover and her mother have brought her to this state of intense neurosis of fragmented thoughts and an irregular logic help to capture the deepening sense of dislocation and bewilderment.  “Thus the gritty humor, compassion, agonizing power of observation, breadth and experimental vivacity struck a far more intimate chord.”  (Galloway, 1989)

The overall dramatic effect the underscored the stark differences between normal predictable society and the underground world of drugs, deep depression and the life of unchecked personal demons in Trainspotting was the  blending humor and tragedy, realism, fantasy uncultivated by the language; violently vile, but some of the characters use obscene vocabulary even when they are saying gentle things.  The mood is hard, tough, self-deprecating Scottish humor delivered in heavy accents that will tax North American and English audiences.  In this world, swearing is an instinct.  It is the language of everyman, common and well to do, pauper, and king.  Not unlike formal trained King’s English, the initial statement is, after all, something, however pronounced.  Several of the characters position complex vocabulary into their narratives – unheard, as it were, by the other characters.  It should be noted that the vowel systems of spoken Scottish English are radically different from the vowel systems and if one wants to make these sound differences clear to a reader, new ways of writing words might be needed to represent these sounds in written language.

In either case, with such a depressing subject matter at hand, it would be easy for any one reading such prose to become irritatingly introverted.  The reader will see this in The Trick is to Keep Breathing character, displaying sharp wit, however, and narrative from sliding into egotism and self-pity.  The main character, a 27-year-old drama teacher with trembling nerves and a superfine sensitivity to all shades of overcast psychological realism is inventive litter of relentless subjectivity.  She is simply, chronically, and tragically depressed and locked into endless dismal discussion with herself as she consumes horoscopes and letters to an advice columnist.

Clearly, a person with more problems than most people, lead a dreadful life.  The Trick Is to Keep Breathing” focuses on mother-daughter relations and of the clear impact as experience by the anorexic body and all who are involved in this environment.  As anorexic and bulimic, allows its skeleton to be seen, and incorporates undigested chunks of the judgment of others.  Further focusing on the interest in the body: the exploration the excess of meaning in the human body and in language parallels the Trainspotting character.  As society would judge as a useful perspective in assessing an abnormal life style and a nontraditional family structures as parallel to her nontraditional narrative structures.  Obsessively cleaning and preparing for a visit from a depressed overweight health worker; dangerous bathing rituals, the expulsion of fresh food, obsessive pubic hair trimming, perfumes between her toes, skips work etc marks her method to her madness.  Like the minor characters of foreign film, to provide variety – fictions follows life with the overweight, awkward health visitor; the pompous, irascible doctor; the man from the bookies who is desperate to seduce her; and the ever-mad patient on the psychiatric ward where the main character inevitably ends up.

However, in the final analysis, society does try to judge by identifying the language, the actions and the behavior as an avoidance or descent into low morals.  Described as delinquents and tyrants with lack of dignity, dismissed as rotten-to-the-core, but yet able to speak for themselves with eloquence, wit, and audacity that is cruel and nasty, however able to remain uncompromising and funny while provoking a stream of questions and answers by the other classes.

Reference(s)

Steve Heighes British Studies Web Pages Youth Culture and Fashion http://elt.britcoun.org.pl/elt/y_trains.htm (2008)

Janice Galloway (1989) 1 January 2005 (updated 2 August 2007)

http://www.list.co.uk/article/2819-the-trick-is-to-keep-breathing-janice-galloway-1989/

 

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