Society is full of incorrect, biased, and unfair accusations about individuals and events in need of correction to guide them to equality. Social justice is this correction of equality past judgements of ethnicities and beliefs. A main character portrayed by Harper Lee, Atticus Finch, demonstrates this idea of social justice throughout the scenes by the words and actions within her characterization. In To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, Atticus represents deep contemplation and a powerful matter-of-fact mindset within social justice.
Harper Lee presents the idea that contemplation is reflecting on the details of a present issue to show the importance of a situation. Atticus illustrates this within the evidence during Tom Robinson’s trial. He points out, “…no doubt signing it with his left hand, and Tom Robinson’s now sits before you having tenken oath with the only good hand he possess – his right hand” (272-273). Atticus studies the witnesses statements before the jury and reveals the injustice actions of Bob Ewell’s words through extreme cross-examinations and being able to turn it into comparing to hard core physical evidence. This reflection of the trial attempts to persuade one decision, of innocence, over another.
Atticus is stressing the jury to look at the hard core evidence in front of their eyes and heard within their ears to view Tom Robinson by the evidence instead of by his ethnicity. Atticus incorporates contemplation in the courtroom but also the social justice at home or in the community. He teaches at home, “ She had learned to hand something to a Cunningham, for one thing, but if Walter and I had put ourselves in her shoes we’d have seen it was an honest mistake on her part” (39-40).
Atticus examines Scout’s disappointing school day to carefully explain to her the fault can not completely be placed upon Miss. Caroline. He reflects on the supporting evidence to show both sides of the argument to view Miss. Caroline and the situation from a fair point of view to main social justice. As a result of Harper Lee’s characterization, Atticus studies, thinks, and reflects social justice from an issue in both the intense courtroom and comforting home.
In To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee represents the idea that a matter-of-fact mindset is creating exceptions in all types of conditions to think clearly and move on from past emotions. Atticus was casually reading a paper while guarding where Tom Robinson’s being held, “[h]e closed it, folded it deliberately, dropped it in his lap, and pushed his hat to the back of his head. He seem to be expecting them” (201).
In this scene, Atticus understands that people were coming to the jail to get to Tom, but he continues to stay and keep guard. He refuses to panic, yell, or run. He just closes his newspaper to speak peaceful light of compromises to the dark, to avert social injustice on the suffering. He dig deeps down in order to find tranquility in the darkest hardship within the dangerous groups along with specific individuals. Atticus is stronger than the difficulties he faces from the people around him, “…Atticus didn’t bat an eye just took out his handkerchief and wiped his face and stood there and let Mr. Ewell call him names wild horses could not bring her to repeat” (291).
While Mr. Finch is being defaced by Bob, anger didn’t arise in him. He accepted his dramatic consequences from the trial. Even though Atticus is put in terrible situations, he represents that individuals should remain calm in order to prevent a dangerous situation. Atticus doesn’t care that he has to go through these circumstances to continue fighting for ethnic equality from the trial. He pushed past resentment to understand and create social justice through anyone’s revengious actions. As a result of Harper Lee’s description, readers realize from Atticus that remaining in tranquility for the best of the situation.
Due to Harper Lee’s vivid picture of Atticus Finch, contemplation and a matter-of-fact mindset promotes ideas of social justice. His reactions, of studying the situation and remaining calm, teaches the reader the significance of a situation and processing it clearly. Atticus demonstrates that providing supporting evidence for both sides can give everyone an equal opportunity. Robust arguments and smooth reactions part the way to social justice from tense events. Atticus uses his senses to obtain information and reflects off of them, along with accepting the surrounding environment in order to change the view’s of the society to promote social justice.