sociology chapter 10
a. the degree of inequality between men and women in a society.
b. the secondary sex characteristics of individuals.
c. the personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female or male.
d. patterns of sexual orientation.
a. power, wealth, and privileges.
b. power only.
c. wealth only.
d. privileges only.
a. differ physically in some limited ways.
b. are different in that men are physically superior to women.
c. are different in that women are physically superior to men.
d. are physically equal.
a. intellectual; sensory
b. mathematical; verbal
c. verbal; mathematical
d. sensory; intellectual
a. On average, men outlive women by about one year.
b. On average, women outlive men by about one year.
c. On average, men outlive women by about five years.
d. On average, women outlive men by about five years.
a. little or no change in female-male differences in performance.
b. male performances are improving faster than female performances.
c. women have been closing the gap with men in most athletic performances.
d. women now outperform men in most athletic events.
a. gender is rooted in biology.
b. women can dominate men.
c. cultures define gender in different ways.
d. boys and girls must be raised by biological parents.
a. all societies define masculinity in much the same way.
b. all societies define femininity in much the same way.
c. patterns involving gender are rooted in biology.
d. traits that are defined as feminine in one society may be masculine in another.
a. little agreement as to feminine and masculine tasks.
b. more men than women were likely to be engaged in farming.
c. more women than men were likely to be engaged in farming.
d. many tasks that were considered masculine by some societies were viewed as feminine by others.
b. North America
d. South America
a. human feelings only.
b. human thoughts only.
c. human actions only.
d. human feelings, thoughts, and actions.
a. primary sex characteristics
b. sexual orientation
c. gender roles
d. secondary sex characteristics
a. gender has little effect on young children.
b. girls spend much more time at play than boys do.
c. boys favor games with clear winners and losers.
d. boys favor games that encourage communication and cooperation.
a. 37 percent
b. 57 percent
c. 77 percent
d. 97 percent
a. women learn to measure their personal importance in terms of physical appearance.
b. beautiful women can dominate men.
c. women prefer men who are physically attractive.
d. women today are as physically attractive as today’s men are.
a. 20 percent
b. 30 percent
c. 40 percent
d. 60 percent
a. the increase in the number of people working on farms
b. a rising divorce rate
c. the increasing size of U.S. families
d. the fact that working women earn more than working men
a. married women with no children
b. single women with no children
c. divorced women with no children
d. married, single, and divorced women with children.
a. men and women have the same types of jobs.
b. women and men receive the same pay.
c. women are concentrated in several categories of jobs.
d. a majority of working women hold “pink collar” jobs.
a. the barrier that prevents women from reaching the top.
b. the fact that women’s dreams are easily broken.
c. the fact that cleaning the home is all most women do.
d. the barrier that keeps women in service work.
b. corporate managers
c. college professors
d. elementary school teachers
a. women now own more than 8 million entrepreneurial businesses.
b. women hold 80 percent of pink-collar jobs.
c. most college and university faculty are women.
d. a majority of corporate executives are women.
a. women should hold political offices in proportion to their numbers in the population.
b. people should be paid according to the level of skill and responsibility involved in the work.
c. the market system should determine the pay for any job.
d. all jobs should be rewarded equally.
a. 97 cents
b. 87 cents
c. 77 cents
d. 57 cents
a. differences in education.
b. differences in family responsibilities.
c. gender discrimination in the workplace.
d. the type of work men and women do.
a. 71 percent
b. 51 percent
c. 31 percent
d. 11 percent
a. unemployed people.
b. unmarried people.
c. people with no children.
d. employed, married, people who have children.
a. boys are more likely than girls to be diagnosed with a learning disability.
b. more girls than boys are placed in special education classes.
c. most disciplinary problems in schools involve girls.
d. disciplinary problems in schools involve boys and girls equally.
a. 39 percent
b. 49 percent
c. 59 percent
d. 69 percent
a. 19 percent
b. 39 percent
c. 59 percent
d. 79 percent
a. United States
a. since World War II.
b. since the Vietnam War.
c. since the Persian Gulf War.
d. since colonial times.
a. Women score lower than men on military intelligence (IQ) tests.
b. Women cannot operate high-tech equipment as well as men.
c. Women have only recently joined the U.S. armed forces.
d. Women are seen as nurturers rather than people who kill.
a. women have less income, wealth, education, and power than men do.
b. women and men have equal amounts of income, wealth, education, and power.
c. men outnumber women.
d. women see themselves as a minority.
a. the workplace
b. the home
c. public places
d. college campuses
a. 5-10 percent
b. 25-30 percent
c. 65-70 percent
d. 85-90 percent
a. the 1990s.
b. the 1960s.
c. the 1890s.
d. the 1780s.
a. Latin America.
b. the United States.
a. it actually targets men more often than women.
b. half of working women report receiving unwanted sexual attention.
c. it almost always involves blatant threats.
d. it almost always leads to violence.
a. men to take control of the workplace.
b. growing gender equality.
c. women to have more children.
d. a breakdown of social stability.
a. power differences.
d. the sexual objectification of women.
a. instrumental; expressive
b. expressive; instrumental
c. egalitarian; hierarchical
d. rational; emotional
a. people should seek the elimination of gender itself.
b. minority women are better off than non-minority men.
c. feminism finds little support among minority women.
d. while all women face disadvantages, the life experiences of women differ according to their race, ethnicity, and class position.
a. educational reform.
b. widespread use of birth control.
c. monogamous marriage.
d. the rise of industry.
a. only gender
b. only race
c. only class
d. gender, race, and class
a. during the colonial era
b. in the 1840s
c. in the 1940s
d. in the 1980s
a. ending gender stratification.
b. ending sexual violence.
c. weakening the importance of gender in people’s lives.
d. limiting sexual freedom.
a. liberal feminism
b. socialist feminism
c. radical feminism
d. structural-functional feminism