Surveillance Cameras – An Annotated Bibliography
Surveillance Cameras – An Annotated Bibliography
Angelo, Jean Marie - Surveillance Cameras – An Annotated Bibliography introduction. “Caught on camera: new surveillance technologies boost campus security
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efforts.” University Business. Jan 2005. 6 Apr 2009. <http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0LSH/is_1_8/ai_n9479288>. Jean Marie Angelo has written an indepth article on the latest technologies being used to beef up security on campuses. The article explains the importance of using surveillance cameras at campuses, including the case of the missing Audrey Seiler, a student from University of Wisconsin-Madison who had been kidnapped from his campus apartment. This explanation is followed by a description of various surveillance camera technologies such as motion sensitive cameras, surveillance cameras that are IP addressable, and dome cameras that could compress data so as to make it available on laptops as well as PDA’s. The article further compares prices of surveillance cameras for price-conscious academic institutions in particular. But, regardless of their prices, the author restates her thesis that surveillance cameras have the potential to protect campuses from crime.
“DefendIR: FLIR Thermal Perimeter Surveillance Camera.” ICx Technologies. 2008. 6 Apr
2009. <http://www.icxt.com/products/surveillance/thermal-imaging/defendir>. The
organizational website of ICx Technologies describes the DefendIR, a special type of surveillance camera that uses the FLIR technology which has been developed specifically for the United States Military. The DefendIR is a unique surveillance camera technology that allows security personnel to see in pitch dark environments. This surveillance camera technology may also be used in rain, dust, smoke, dense fog, in addition to snow. Techically termed a “thermal imager,” the DefendIR makes use of a visible light camera as well as infrared camera (“DefendIR: FLIR Thermal Perimeter Surveillance Camera”). More importantly, this website describes the importance of surveillance cameras in the protection of the entire nation. Indeed, this product of ICx Technologies does not only serve the U.S. Military but all American people.
Ellison, Craig. “LukWerks Digital Video Surveillance System.” PC Magazine. 10 Apr 2009.
<http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,1948105,00.asp>. Craig Ellison’s review of the LukWerks Digital Video Surveillance System is another excellent source to understand the benefits of surveillance cameras. The article describes a multicamera surveillance system that employs Home Plug 1.0 technology to communicate video data through the power lines in an office or a home. According to the author, the biggest problem of the old technologies of home surveillance cameras was that they required the installer to run cables in order to connect the surveillance cameras to a unit. The LukWerks Digital Video Surveillance System, on the contrary, can be installed in less than fifteen minutes. The product may, of course, also be used in senior homes in addition to establishments for the disabled or mentally retarded individuals to protect these vulnerable populations from abuse.
“Face Recognition Entrance Control System.” Alibaba. 2009. 6 Apr 2009.
<http://www.alibaba.com/product-gs/202563354/Face_Recognition_Entrance_Control_System.html>. Facial recognition surveillance is nowadays used for entrance management. Systems are being designed to automatically open doors to only those individuals whose facial features are recognizable because they have been fed into those systems. Thus, the Face Recognition Entrance Control System designed by FIRS Intelligent Technology sends a command for the door to open as soon as an individual’s facial features are recognized. This brief technological description of the product provides greater insight into the potential of surveillance cameras. After all, this product may be used not only in homes but also offices inclusive of banks to ensure protection against intruders and/or criminals. Indeed, the world can become a safer place if surveillance cameras like the Face Recognition Entrance Control System are installed in all places where intruders are unwelcome.
Manning, Stephen. “Surveillance Cameras Get Smarter.” USA Today. 26 Feb 2007. 6 Apr 2009.
<http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/techinnovations/2007-02-26-surveillance-smarter_x.htm>. Stephen Manning’s news article, “Surveillance Cameras Get Smarter,” describes the smartest surveillance camera technology that can be envisioned in our time. Known as “intelligent video,” this surveillance camera technology is not just about watching and/or making videos of people in public places, but it is also about detection of crime before it occurs (Manning). The author describes intelligent video as “eyes with brains” rather than “passive observers” (Manning). These cameras may be programmed to detect strange happenings, and to alert the authorities as and when they happen. Indeed, this is good news for everybody. Intelligent cameras do not only hear and respond to gun shots but they could also inform the authorities when they catch sight of a person walking in a way that appears suspicious.
“More Cities Deploy Camera Surveillance Systems with Federal Grant Money.” Electronic
Privacy Information Center. May 2005. 6 Apr 2009. <http://epic.org/privacy/surveillance/spotlight/0505/>. This report published by the Electronic Privacy Information Center in Washington, D.C., is about the former (Bush) government’s plan to spend a large amount of money on surveillance cameras by reducing the amount of money available for other essential programs, for example, public education. According to the report, research reveals that surveillance cameras have little or not effect on the crime rate. And, while the government plans to instal increasing numbers of surveillance cameras in public places it must be borne in mind that this technology has been used in the past to violate human rights. The author states that surveillance cameras may increase racial profiling, for example. Still, the government would have argued that it is in the best interests of the people to instal more surveillance cameras than before.
Leicester, John. “Cameras help fight UK terror.” Oakland Tribune. 11 Jul 2007. 6 Apr 2009.
<http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4176/is_20070711/ai_n19358078>. In his article, “Cameras help fight UK terror,” John Leicester describes the growing acceptance of surveillance cameras across the world. The author relates many instances where surveillance cameras have helped to control crime as well as terror. As an example, the British police with the help of surveillance camera technology was able to hunt down suspects in a number of unsuccessful bomb plots. Thus, the surveillance camera technology has already won converts around the globe, “to the alarm of some privacy advocates” (Leicester). After all, common folks want the police and other governmental entities to respect their privacy. Then again, law enforcement agencies have a valid argument to use surveillance cameras: there is no reason to use these technologies if it were not in the best interests of the people.
“The Use of Video Surveillance Cameras and Human Rights.” Human Rights Monitoring
Institute. 2005. 6 Apr 2009. <http://www.hrmi.lt/admin/Editor/assets/galutinis%20vaizdo%20kameros%20EN.pdf>. The website of Human Rights Monitoring Institute presents a paper on the ethics of surveillance camera technology: “The Use of Video Surveillance Cameras and Human Rights.” According to the author(s), every human being has an essential right to privacy. Therefore, if surveillance camera technology is considered necessary to use as a crime control measure, the authorities should ensure that they do not unnecessarily invade the privacy of innocent citizens. In other words, the employment of surveillance camera technology must be regulated so as to be rendered ethical. But, that is clearly not enough. The common people should be given the right to either accept or reject the regulations on surveillance cameras. It is their privacy, after all. The government does not have the right to invade their privacy unless it is absolutely necessary to do so.
“Use of Government Surveillance Cameras Expands in California Without Regulations or Public
Debate, says ACLU Report.” American Civil Liberties Union. 20 Aug 2007. 6 Apr 2009. <http://www.aclu.org/privacy/spying/31377prs20070820.html>. According to this report published by the American Civil Liberties Union, surveillance cameras are being installed in a variety of Californian public places. There is no Californian law to install so many surveillance cameras without asking for people’s opinion about it. Moreover, the report claims that there is hardly any evidence that surveillance cameras actually help to control crime. Thus, the American Civil Liberties Union advises local governments to regulate the installment of surveillance cameras bearing in mind that their use does not guarantee crime prevention. The report further recommends cost and benefit analyses for security measures apart from surveillance cameras. Most importantly, according to the American Civil Liberties Union report, the local governments should consult the Californians about installing an overabundance of surveillance cameras. These cameras may pose a threat to people’s privacy, after all.