Philosophy

Socrates as a Sophist or Not a Sophist?

The book Philosophical Conversations, Socrates argues that he is not a sophist within his society, because he “has nothing to teach” (Melchert, 58), and no knowledge to teach about. His argument begins with the statement that “Sophists set themselves up as teachers… Socrates does not. He cannot do so… because he does not rightly know …

My Wishes

I always wish that everything happens for good and good things happens every time. This sentence applies to each and everyone of us one or other day or time. I personally have so many experiences where things might have gone wrong according to me at that particular moment. But later I have realized that is …

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Oration on the Dignity of Man, Giovanni Pico Della Mirandola (375 Books, Day 174)

This was a fairly common occurrence in the schools: a question would be stated, and a respondent would take up a position on the question and hold it against the arguments of the learned people present. What made Pico’s unusual was that he proposed to hold his own against all comers on no fewer than …

Philosophy of Robert Nozick

Philosophy of Robert Nozick Introduction Ranging from analytical philosophy to political theory, Nozick’s works of philosophy are one the most credible ones of pour times. In one of his books, ‘the explained life’, he dwells upon in detail into the meaning and true context of life. His works present an in-depth view into how we …

Philosophy of Knowledge

Philosophy of Knowledge Introduction             According to Ayn Rand, who articulated this philosophy in the middle of the 20th century:             “My philosophy, in essence, is the concept of man as a heroic being, with his own   happiness as the moral purpose of his life, with productive achievement as his noblest activity, and reason …

Moral and political philosophy

Moral and political philosophy Yes, it is absolutely true that the political environment does influence the moral levels of individuals. The biggest proof to this fact is given by the world history itself. An analysis of the  moral levels of the society under morally pure and impure leaders proves this. What was the state of …

Descartes’Medititions

    Descartes’Medtitions   Descartes, René, 1596-1650, a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. His philosophy is called Cartesianism.  The new age of seventeen century witnessed new scientific inventions, new observations, and new theories coming up all over Europe. The medieval philosophy of scholastism was no longer adequate for the rapid changes. A new philosophy was …

Ethical Philosophies

Kantian ethics was put forward by an 18th century German philosopher named Immanuel Kant. This ethical philosophy presents a criterion of moral obligation that is a break away from the traditional moral philosophies of his time (The Categorical Imperative). Traditional moral philosophies before him had their eyes focused on good character traits and the consequence …

Ludwig Wittgenstein Philosophical Investigations

  Introduction Philosophical Investigations is one of the chief works of Ludwig Van Wittgenstein, a 20th century philosopher. PI or Philosophical Investigations, together with Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (also one of the main works of Wittgenstein), elucidates the various and problematic quandaries in the area of language. In addition, PI also discusses several issues on semantics, logic, …

Chinese Zodiac Elements – Five Elements

Much of Chinese philosophy is built around the belief in the five elements and their abilities to interact with and create relationships between natural phenomena. The five elements have been part of Chinese culture almost from the beginning. Interestingly, few people outside the Asian world understand the importance of the five elements, especially how each …

On the Free Choice of the Will

This book by St Augustine contains many philosophical arguments. St Augustine was a Latin speaking philosopher born in what is now modern day Algeria. He was one of the most prolific philosophers with hundreds of surviving works attributed to him (having survived the passage of time). The book On Free choice of the will contains …

Philosophy: Skeptism

Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. It is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. The word “philosophy” comes from the Greek φιλοσοφία (philosophia), which literally means …

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