Philosophy

What evidence would you need to convince yourself that God exists?

Religion: the practice of religious beliefs; ritual observance of faith. The key word here is faith. All religions, whether that be Christianity or Hinduism, are based on faith from the person who practices it. So, when faced with this question, one could say that there is nothing to prove existence of God except faith, which …

Socrates as a Sophist or Not a Sophist?

The book Philosophical Conversations, Socrates argues that he is not a sophist within his society, because he “has nothing to teach” (Melchert, 58), and no knowledge to teach about. His argument begins with the statement that “Sophists set themselves up as teachers… Socrates does not. He cannot do so… because he does not rightly know …

Need essay sample on "Philosophy" ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page

My Wishes

I always wish that everything happens for good and good things happens every time. This sentence applies to each and everyone of us one or other day or time. I personally have so many experiences where things might have gone wrong according to me at that particular moment. But later I have realized that is …

Oration on the Dignity of Man, Giovanni Pico Della Mirandola (375 Books, Day 174)

This was a fairly common occurrence in the schools: a question would be stated, and a respondent would take up a position on the question and hold it against the arguments of the learned people present. What made Pico’s unusual was that he proposed to hold his own against all comers on no fewer than …

Philosophy of Robert Nozick

Philosophy of Robert Nozick Introduction Ranging from analytical philosophy to political theory, Nozick’s works of philosophy are one the most credible ones of pour times. In one of his books, ‘the explained life’, he dwells upon in detail into the meaning and true context of life. His works present an in-depth view into how we …

Philosophy of Knowledge

Philosophy of Knowledge Introduction             According to Ayn Rand, who articulated this philosophy in the middle of the 20th century:             “My philosophy, in essence, is the concept of man as a heroic being, with his own   happiness as the moral purpose of his life, with productive achievement as his noblest activity, and reason …

Moral and political philosophy

Moral and political philosophy Yes, it is absolutely true that the political environment does influence the moral levels of individuals. The biggest proof to this fact is given by the world history itself. An analysis of the  moral levels of the society under morally pure and impure leaders proves this. What was the state of …

Descartes’Medititions

    Descartes’Medtitions   Descartes, René, 1596-1650, a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. His philosophy is called Cartesianism.  The new age of seventeen century witnessed new scientific inventions, new observations, and new theories coming up all over Europe. The medieval philosophy of scholastism was no longer adequate for the rapid changes. A new philosophy was …

Ethical Philosophies

Kantian ethics was put forward by an 18th century German philosopher named Immanuel Kant. This ethical philosophy presents a criterion of moral obligation that is a break away from the traditional moral philosophies of his time (The Categorical Imperative). Traditional moral philosophies before him had their eyes focused on good character traits and the consequence …

Ludwig Wittgenstein Philosophical Investigations

  Introduction Philosophical Investigations is one of the chief works of Ludwig Van Wittgenstein, a 20th century philosopher. PI or Philosophical Investigations, together with Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (also one of the main works of Wittgenstein), elucidates the various and problematic quandaries in the area of language. In addition, PI also discusses several issues on semantics, logic, …

Chinese Zodiac Elements – Five Elements

Much of Chinese philosophy is built around the belief in the five elements and their abilities to interact with and create relationships between natural phenomena. The five elements have been part of Chinese culture almost from the beginning. Interestingly, few people outside the Asian world understand the importance of the five elements, especially how each …

On the Free Choice of the Will

This book by St Augustine contains many philosophical arguments. St Augustine was a Latin speaking philosopher born in what is now modern day Algeria. He was one of the most prolific philosophers with hundreds of surviving works attributed to him (having survived the passage of time). The book On Free choice of the will contains …

Philosophy: Skeptism

Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. It is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. The word “philosophy” comes from the Greek φιλοσοφία (philosophia), which literally means …

What Does Kant Mean by “Pure Aesthetic Judgment”?

What Does Kant Mean by “Pure Aesthetic Judgment”?     The philosophical works of Immanuel Kant contain ideas related to aesthetic judgment that have greatly, though with varying degrees of subtly, influenced art historians and artists (Cheetham 1998: 6).  Kant describes aesthetic judgment as a “higher faculty,” something innate and universal (Kant as cited in …

John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant: A Comparison

John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant   Ethical theories are meant to aid human beings make good choices, i.e., morally good choices, by giving them parameters on what makes a human act good and what makes it bad. Nevertheless, in spite of this noble aim of ethicists, it is undeniable that ethical theories have clashed …

Kant and the Categorical Imperative

Kant’End Matchs Begin Match to source 1 in source list: http://sguthrie.net/kant.htmcategorical imperativeEnd Match forms the basis of moral justification. His categorical imperative defines core his moral philosophy. Kant’s ethical theory lies on the fact that whether the action is morally right or wrong. Kant has proposed a method for determining morality of an action. Whether …

The Resoning of the Kalam Cosmological Argument

The ‘Kalam’ cosmological argument of the philosopher William Lane Craig (although it actually dates back to the medieval times) proves the existence of god by having a premise and using it in the following premise. It is as a matter of fact a series of connected arguments. If you will study closely the meaning of …

The True Opinion by Plato : A Review of Gettier’s Approach and Questionare

The  True  Opinion  by  Plato : A  Review  of  Gettier’s  Approach  and  Questionare Plato  was  born  in  Athens  around  427 BC  and  is  still  highly  regarded  as  one  of  the  earliest  philosophers  of  all  times.  He  was  politically  connected  to  both  the  Oligarchy  and  democracy  and  later  went  on  to  join  his  two  older  brothers  …

The Trial of Galileo: Problems of Justice in One of History’s Most Famous Trials

The Trial of Galileo: Problems of Justice in One of History’s Most Famous Trials The Trial of Galileo Galilei is remembered and counts among the famous trials in history, along that of the trial of Socrates and Jesus Christ. Galileo’s confirmation and publication of studies supporting Nicolaus Copernicus’ theory– that the Sun was the center …

Free Will vs Determinism

The argument of whether we humans are pre determined to turn out how we are and act the way we do or if we are our own decision makers and have the freedom to choose our paths in life is a long-standing controversy. The ideas of Sartre, Freud, and Darwin are each strong in their …

Thorndike’s Contributions to the Behaviorist Philosophy of Adult Education

One of the great learning theorists of all time is Edward Lee Thorndike. He was born on August 31, 1874, in Williamsburg, Massachussetts. Thorndike graduated from Wesleyan in 1895, from Harvard in 1891 and received his PhD in 1898 from Columbia (Reinemeyer, 1999). His major contribution to the study of psychology was his work with …

Machiavelli’s Philosophy: Fear or Love?

Machiavelli’s Philosophy: Fear or Love? Without doubt, Machiavelli’s The Prince is generally regarded as a vital source of information on topics of statesmanship and power. To further expound, The Prince not merely delineate what a leader or a ruler should consider and accomplish in order to achieve or maintain power, but also thoroughly explains the …

Theory of Forms

Theory of Forms             The Greek philosopher Plato put forth the idea that, basically, all things in this world – the “material” or “sensory” world, if you may – came from, and were “patterned” or “molded” after, a limited number of “forms” that are separate, transcendental entities, which are perfect, absolute, and eternal.             Let’s …

Theorist/Philosopher Project

Theorist/Philosopher Project             Continuous research is very essential in the development of any area of study. The proposal and discovery of various theories plays an important role in order to understand the different aspects of a particular field. In relation to this, the main actors in the evolution of ideas are the philosophers or theorists …

Haven't found the Essay You Want?

Get your custom essay sample

For Only $13/page