Politics

Earth Summits are all Talk and no Action

Earth Summits occur annually with all the political leaders, environmentalists and sometimes religious figures talking about how to make the planet a more eco- friendly and sustainable place. Sometimes Earth Summits occur in emergencies with the planet has really suffered from mankind’s selfish doings. People believe that Earth Summits are all talk and no action …

Explain the reasons for the UUPs decline in Northern Ireland

he UUP was founded in 1905 and for decades remained the dominant Unionist voice in Northern Ireland. Since partition in 1921 it effectively governed Northern Ireland for 70 years. The transformation in the party’s fortunes since the Good Friday Agreement has been astonishing: from being the largest party in Northern Ireland with 33% of the …

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Explain how the DUP dominates Unionism

It could be argued that the UUP has been unsuccessful in mounting any challenge to the DUP. The DUP remains the dominant unionist party, and it has been since 2003. It was founded in the 1970s by Ian Paisley and was based on the principles of implacable opposition to nationalism and opposition to any weakening …

Explain the problems that the DUP face in Northern Ireland

It could be argued that the rise of the TUV has inadvertently helped the UUP because they are taking votes from the DUP. This has lessened the DUP’s dominance of unionism. It was formed by Jim Allister – an ex DUP MEP. Allister has formed the party to oppose Unionist compromises since the GFA. His …

Explain the reasons behind the Rise of Sinn Fein

Sinn Fein emerged in the early 20th century in opposition to Home Rule, their separatist stance evident from their name: Sinn Fein means ‘ourselves alone.’ They made their first foray into politics after the Easter Rising of 1916. In the 1980s Sinn Fein realised that their voice could be heard politically in Northern Ireland and …

Explain two strengths of the House of Lords

The House of Lords has a number of important strengths. First, there is a much lower level of party discipline in the House, leading to better quality debates. Members of the Lords do not have to seek re-election and are therefore not constrained by the same populist considerations as MPs. The House of Lords is …

Assess the view that Sinn Fein has abandoned many of its traditional policies

Sinn Fein has come a long way since the first ceasefire in 1994. Arguably it had also come a long way before agreeing to ceasefire at that time. Some would argue that the party has abandoned many of its core principles and policies in the past eighteen years, most notably its commitment to a united …

Assess the view that since 2007 the Northern Ireland Assembly has been a legislative success

Many would argue that since 2007 the Northern Ireland Assembly has been a legislative success. The Assembly has the power to make laws for Northern Ireland. There are 108 MLAs, during the 4th Assembly there this included 38 DUP MLAs and 29 Sinn Fein MLAs. A proposal for legislation is referred to as a “Bill” …

Assess the view that the unionist/nationalist division is becoming less significant in Northern Ireland politics

Many political commentators have suggested that Northern Ireland is moving away from the traditional ‘orange and green’ politics and that the divisions between Unionists and Nationalists in politics are becoming less significant. The moderate electoral success of the Alliance Party would support such a judgement, as would the cross-community nature of the Assembly. In examining …

Members of the Northern Ireland Legislative Assembly

MLAs have three main duties: scrutiny, legislating and representing. MLAs have come under sustained attack for what many perceive to be their failure to carry out the functions assigned to them by the Good Friday and St Andrews Agreements. Careerism, party loyalty, ignorance and incompetence have all been given as reasons for this failure. In …

Explain what limits there are to the Prime Ministers control over the Cabinet

The Cabinet is one of the key parts of the British Constitution. It is simply a collection of Ministers (usually 20 -25) appointed by the Prime Minister, currently David Cameron, to form the Government. Each Minister is in charge of a Government Department. They will be held accountable for the performance of that Department when …

Explain two policy areas over which the Conservative and Labour Parties differ

In spite of the ongoing struggle by the major political parties to find and occupy the centre ground in British politics, there are still some differences between them in terms of policy. Currently Labour is under the leadership of Jeremy Corbyn and is therefore heading back to ‘Old Labour’ ideals. This creates massive policy differences …

Explain the problems that the Coalition Government has faced since 2010

After the 2010 Westminster Election resulted in a hung parliament, the Conservative Party entered a coalition government with the Liberal Democrats. The Conservatives won 307 seats and were 19 short of a majority, and the 57 Lib Dem seats would be enough to ‘carry the government’ into a majority. The Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government provides …

The British constitution is no longer fit for purpose?

A constitution comprises the laws, rules and customs that establish the organs of a state, such as the government legislature and courts, the relationship between those organs, and the relationship between them and the people. The UK is distinctive and unique due to its constitution being uncodified (unwritten) in a single document, many argue that …

Assess the advantage of using proportional representation electoral systems

The Labour government in 1999 paved the way for the use of proportional representation (PR) in elections in the UK. By the turn of that century PR had been used in elections to European parliament, the Scottish parliament, the Welsh Assembly, the Northern Ireland Assembly, the Greater London Authority Assembly and for the Mayor of …

Parliament carries out none of its functions adequately

In the UK, Parliament consists of the monarchy, the House of Commons and the House of Lords. It’s existed for centuries, and has stood the test of time, in that it still exists. However, a number of concerns have been raised over how well it carries out its functions, and how this effects the electorate. …

To what extent can the Prime Minister control the cabinet?

Until the 1960s, it would have been accurate to describe the British system of government as ‘cabinet government’. Since then however, the concept of cabinet government has been gradually eroded and replaced by the notion of ‘prime ministerial’ government. The cabinet was considered to be the centrepiece of the government and its supreme policy-making institution. …

Should the House of Lord have elected peers?

The House of Lords has many unelected Hereditary peers however would elected peers be a better option for the second chamber? Elected peers may result to rota system to represent minorities, there would be a large focus on getting re-elected as opposed to on work, and many people may lack experience, the chamber would become …

How Red Is Ed Miliband?

Health – Left Increase funding and de-commercialise the NHS. Wants to decrease waiting times for a more efficient system. Middle Britain – Left Insisted there will be “no lurch to the left” and used an article from the Sunday Telegraph to focus on issues that affect the ‘squeezed middle [classes], such as immigration. Miliband may …

Political parties and Ideas – Thatcherism

1) Using an example, define consensus politics. Consensus politics is when there is an overlap of ideological positions between two or more political parties. This is typically shown through two parties having an agreement about their fundamental policy goals, such as all main political parties in the UK currently wanting to reduce the deficit. However, …

Compare the successes and failures of Castlereagh and Canning’s Foreign Policies

The Tory Foreign affairs between 1814 and 1830 was dominated by Lord Castlereagh, foreign secretary between 1814 and 1822 and his successor George Canning, who occupied the same post between 1822 and 1827. During this period, both Castlereagh and Canning were faced with various international problems and I am going to explore their successes and …

In What Way Does the Biological Constitution of a Living Organism Determine, Influence or Limit its Perception?

There are an uncountable number of living things, most of which are not discovered yet. Human, is known to be the most intelligent, most developed and most social of all. What’s more, we say that human has the most ability to perceive things in the correct way, because he is the most biologically-developed living thing. …

Consider whether the activities of pressure groups help or hinder the operation of a pluralist democracy in the USA

Interest groups seek to influence decision makers in to vote in a way that benefit’s the group’s interests such as the National Rifle Association (NRA) and the American Medical Association (AMA). The US is a pluralist democracy which means that there is more than one centre of power, this means that there are many access …

Who was Joe McCarthy?

A nation often goes through severe changes in order to compensate for its inability to perform more thoroughly when dealing with post war era’s as well as dealing with future threats. During the Second red scare the United States went through many severe changes in order to compensate for the silent threats made by the …

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