The African Union - Africa Essay Example
The african union in short its known as the AU - The African Union introduction. It was founded in 1960s by kwame nkrumah. Its subsequent objective was to unite africa and help it in many ways. The only all african non member is morocco. The other parties were organization of african unity(OAU) established on 25 may 1963 and the African Economic community(AEC) in 1981. In the process of it rummors came up and argued that OAU in particular did little to protect the rights and liberties of African citizens from their own political leaders,oftendubbingit the ”Dictators club”.
The idea of creating the AUwas revived in the mid 1990 under the leadership of libyan head of state Muammar al-Gaddafi;the head of state and goverment of the OAU issued the sirte dectaration (named after sirte,in libya on 9segptember 1999). of called for an establishment of an african union. It was first launched in durban on 9 july 2002,by the first chairman Thabo Mbeki. The emblem of the African Union consists of a gold ribbon bearing small interlocking red rings, from which palm leaves shoot up around an outer gold circle and an inner green circle, within which is a gold representation of Africa.
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The red interlinked rings stand for African solidarity and the blood shed for the liberation of Africa; the palm leaves for peace; the gold, for Africa’s wealth and bright future; the green, for African hopes and aspirations. To symbolise African unity, the silhouette of Africa is drawn without internal borders. The African Union adopted its new flag at its 14th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government taking place in Addis Ababa 2010.
During the 8th African Union Summit which took place in Addis Ababa on 29 and 30 January 2007, the Heads of State and Government decided to launch a competition for the selection of a new flag for the Union. They prescribed a green background for the flag symbolising hope of Africa and stars to represent Member States. Pursuant to this decision, the African Union Commission (AUC) organized a competition for the selection of a new flag for the African Union.
The AUC received a total of 106 entries proposed by citizens of 19 African countries and 2 from the Diaspora. The proposals were then examined by a panel of experts put in place by the African Union Commission and selected from the five African regions for short listing according to the main directions given by the Heads of State and Government. At the 13th Ordinary Session of the Assembly, the Heads of State and Government examined the report of the Panel and selected one among all the proposals.
The flag is now part of the paraphernalia of the African Union and replaces the old one. The old flag of the African Union bears a broad green horizontal stripe, a narrow band of gold, the emblem of the African Union at the centre of a broad white stripe, another narrow gold band and a final broad green stripe. Again, the green and gold symbolise Africa’s hopes and aspirations as well as its wealth and bright future, and the white represents the purity of Africa’s desire for friends throughout the world.
The flag has led to the creation of the “national colours” of Africa of gold and green (sometimes together with white). These colours are visible in one way or another in the flags of many African nations. Together the colours green, gold, and red constitute the Pan-African colours. The African Union has adopted a new anthem, Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together, and has the chorus O sons and daughters of Africa, flesh of the sun and flesh of the sky, Let us make Africa the tree of life.