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The American city in the first half of the 20th century

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    The American city was changed drastically in the first half of the 20th century with the beginnings of the industrial revolution and the ongoing flow of foreigners into an already crowded United States. Many men around the time of the 20th century had parts in the progressive era reform and were influential in politics and majorly through social conditions.

    Progressive era reforms were not that prominent in the late 19th century and the early 20th century, although they were a part of the workings of that time the progressives lacked the political power to make any real changes in the state or federal government, the workplace was also a place that has been exaggerated to have more progressivism then it actually did.

    The Knights of Labor and the Socialist Party of America did much to aid workers in a time where many did not have fair rights and privileges, they used many strategies and tactics to angle into the businesses and protect the rights of the workers. The foreign policy of the United States was not changed much by the Spanish American war but while it did have its affects the most notable were just the dying down of expansionism and the United States and France were not resigning their original treaty while it was an important event in our history it did not lead to any significant changes in foreign policy. The United States raised an army in WW1 because of the recruitment and SSA (selective service act).

    Which was the act in which was a broad term for recruitment and the process of being drafted. While still discriminatory, the Army was far more progressive in race relations than the other branches of the military. Blacks could not serve in the Marines, and could only serve limited and menial positions in the Navy and the Coast Guard. By the end of World War I, African Americans served in cavalry, infantry, signal, medical, engineer, and artillery units, as well as serving as chaplains, surveyors, truck drivers, chemists, and intelligence officers. Nearing the end of the war America had one real big advantage which was a booming economy and one that was not at torn by war and America brought a lot of extra troops to the table.

    The use of machine guns, air raids and a lot of new technology was emerging into chemical warfare and these new weapons allowed for the beginnings of trench warfare and the moving of sides slowly across the fields.  The war boards were chill and had a large effect on America and the US economy had a booming car industry as well as a huge agricultural advantage and much much more troops.

    The face-off raged for 14 hours, during which the miners’ tent colony was pelted with machine gun fire and ultimately torched by the state militia. A number of people were killed, among them two women and children who suffocated in a pit they had dug under their tent. The deaths were blamed on John D. Rockefeller, Jr. For years, he would struggle to redress the situation – and strengthen the Rockefeller social conscience in the process. Contemporary voices provide a rare window into the divide that separated the Rockefellers from some of the harsh realities tied to their business decisions. They powerfully illustrate the clashing viewpoints that were at the heart of the crisis and shed light on Rockefeller’s ultimate transformation.

    The Great Migration, or the relocation of more than 6 million African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North, Midwest and West from 1916 to 1970, had a huge impact on urban life in the United States. Driven from their homes by unsatisfactory economic opportunities and harsh segregationist laws, many blacks headed north, where they took advantage of the need for industrial workers that first arose during the First World War.

    As Chicago, New York and other cities saw their black populations expand exponentially, migrants were forced to deal with poor working conditions and competition for living space, as well as widespread racism and prejudice. During the Great Migration, African Americans began to build a new place for themselves in public life, actively confronting economic, political and social challenges and creating a new black urban culture that would exert enormous influence in the decades to come ollowing Wilson’s declaration of war against Germany, only the socialists continued to actively oppose the U. S. ar effort.

    But in 1918 the Chicago Federation of Labor created a labor party predicated on anti-militarist and anti-imperialist principles and subsequently spearheaded the drive for a national farmer-labor party committed to these same principles. Although the labor party movement proved short-lived, it provided an intellectual legacy for interwar pacifists who sought to promote the peaceful resolution of conflicts outside the framework of the League of Nations. Chicago once again became a center of antiwar agitation during World War II, boasting one of the most active “America First” chapters in the country.

    Profoundly influenced by their experiences during World War I, members of the America First organization believed that American democracy could be preserved only by keeping the nation out of European wars. America First bitterly attacked Roosevelt’s policies in support of the allies during 1940–41, arguing that they would provoke a German response which would make American entrance into the war inevitable. Although America First was dominated by conservatives, some left-of-center groups also opposed Roosevelt’s policies, charging that he was deceiving the American public on critical foreign policy issues. But as historian Thomas Bailey has noted, “The torpedoes that sank the American battleships in Pearl Harbor also sank America Firstism”.

    The death of American citizens as a result of the sinking of the Cunnard ship, The Lucitania by a German submarine was used as an excuse to get America into the First World War. The fact that she was exporting war materials and that a warning to US citizens was posted in the New York Times by the German government was neither here nor there. nor was it mentioned to the American public at large at the time.

    Espionage act is a United States federal law that was passed on June 15th in the year 1917 after the US entered into World War I. The sedition act of 1918 was an act in the United States Congress that prolonged the Espionage act of 1917 to cover the broader range of offenses and the express of opinion in the government. You can read more about this on.

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