Probably no other man-made object has wielded as much terror or destruction as the Atomic Bomb. Created, tested, and used during World War II, it brought about the end of that bloody conflict. Unfortunately, it also was the cause of much loss in human life. However, why it was created, creation, and use are very interesting, although somewhat sad, and offer many topics for study.
The creation of the bomb was actually started before the war- early 1941, because the president and his generals were wary of Hitler’s movements in Germany- however; it did not proceed with much intensity until December 1941 when the attack on Pearl Harbor occurred, which caused the USA to enter into the war.
Named “The Manhattan Project”, it was led by J. Robert Oppenheimer, an accomplished physicist, and it united scientists from all over the world, not just Americans.
The scientist were working on producing Nuclear Fission, which is spiting atoms to create a chain reaction that produces enormous amounts of heat; therefore rendering it very explosive if combined with the right materials, and hoping to keep their advancements secret, since the main facility at Los Alamos, New Mexico was practically swarming with foreign spies.
In fact, nearly every country had a “Manhattan” equivalent- engineers working franticly to be the first to harness the destructive power of the atom. And, on July 16th 1945 at 5:29am, the USA won.
At Trinity Test Site, somewhere deep in New Mexico, the world’s first atomic bomb exploded, unleashing a destructive power that was more intense than a raid by 2,000 B-52s( bomber planes). History had been made, and with that explosion, the realization hit people that one man could, in effect, control the whole world, a realization that partially contributed to the Cold War , a state of general distrust and fear(although no actual battles where fought)between the Soviets and the Americans The Atomic bomb, page 2
By early 1945, Hitler had committed suicide in Berlin and Germany had surrendered, which left Japan the last opponent the Allied Forces. Some military men thought that Japan was close to surrender, mainly those in the Air force, who had been making routine night raids on the Japanese mainland. However; when Japan stubbornly refused to surrender, the Allied leadership (mostly America, in this case) decided to deploy the world’s first atomic bomb. The target has Hiroshima, a city with a civilian population of some 250,000 that was located on the coast of Honshu, one of the main Islands of Japan.
When the bomb, nicknamed “little Boy”, was dropped on August 6th, 1945, it decimated four and a half square miles of the city and instantaneously killed or seriously wounded 136,000 people, mainly civilians. Many more died later of leukemia, as a direct result of the radiation. After no word of surrender came, the USA made a controversial decision: drop another bomb on the Japanese islands. This time the target was Nagasaki, a reasonably large town with almost no military value.
Because of the geography however, only one and a half miles were destroyed, and 60, ooo people either dead or injured. The bomb served its purpose however, because, on August 14th, 1945, six long years after it begun, Japan finally surrendered, and the Second World War ended. Japan formally surrenders to the United States and allies, Ending World War II (above) The atomic bomb, page 3 Although the dropping of the atomic bomb was the main factor in ending World War II, many people have questioned whether it was morally right to drop the bomb.
To this day the United States is the only county to ever launch an atomic bomb on a civilian population with the intent of destroying it; however, the government and military argue that it was necessary to drop the bomb to prevent further bloodshed. After all, they say, look at history , like the Hundred Years War and such. Small, non-violent skirmishes, with no clear winner prolonged the conflict for far too long, almost a hundred years! Far better, they say, to have it done quickly; to ensure immediate surrender; and thereby prevent it from continuing for generations.
And, it would be considered an “honorable surrender”, since Japan had no defenses against the bomb and no other option. Also, from a purely military point of view, it was perfect- cripple Japan so that they would have no new recruits in the army, and also demoralize the solders, who would naturally be concerned about their families. However, those in opposition argue that there must have been some way to end the war without dropping a bomb with no warning and ruthlessly murdering 200,000 civilians and harming countless others from radiation.
Actually, Japan had been warned; there were planes flying over the cities that had dropped leaflets saying ‘surrender- or else we will bomb your cities to the ground’; and when Japan refused to surrender after Hiroshima, the Allied Forces sent more planes warning them to admit defeat or another city would be bombed. The Japanese refused the ultimatum, and Nagasaki was bombed, which did end the war In any event, atomic power has many possibilities besides bombs. It is a great source of power, which, if used correctly, can be very beneficial.
It has also opened up a whole new science, and the possibility of nuclear fusion, which is a way of joining together atoms to create a monstrous amount of power and energy-which renders it very helpful, if used responsibly. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an organization that was founded to ensure that the creation, creators, and use are all peaceful. Hopefully, people can learn to use the power intelligently, to benefit the populace, and no more atomic bombs will be used!
Cite this The Creation and Use of the Atomic Bomb
The Creation and Use of the Atomic Bomb. (2016, Oct 06). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/the-creation-and-use-of-the-atomic-bomb/