The Criteria for Causality - Causality Essay Example
The Criteria for Causality
Guns don’t kill people; people kill people.
This statement is a pro-gun slogan - The Criteria for Causality introduction. In actuality, the first half of this slogan is demonstrably false; guns do indeed kill people. But the point is that guns do not kill people by themselves; a gun requires a human to pull the trigger (www.huppi.com).
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It is a fact that guns make it easier to kill people or commit crimes. Gun control advocates argue that the murder rate would drop if widespread gun availability didn’t make it so incredibly easy to kill another human being (www.huppi.com).
Pro-gun advocates on the other hand have a quote from Thomas Jefferson, Father of the Declaration of Independence (www.smartvoter.org):
“Laws that forbid the carrying of arms … disarm only those who are neither inclined nor determined to commit crimes … Such laws make things worse for the assaulted and better for the assailants; they serve rather to encourage than to prevent homicides, for an unarmed man may be attacked with greater confidence than an armed man.”
In his time, it was clearly understood that mankind had the basic fundamental right, regardless of whether or not any government granted “permission” or not, to defend him/herself and his/her property from physical harm and tyranny. Regardless of any further hyperbole, the concept of owning a gun is consistent with self-preservation (Daryl I. “Chili” Chilimidos, www.smatvoter.org)
Capital punishment prevents murder.
This statement is not always true to that effect.
It is said that even the basic issue whether capital punishment is a deterrent against crime remains unresolved. Murder rates in Texas and Florida — where executions occur regularly — do not seem significantly lower than in other states where either the death penalty does not exist or it is long delayed by extensive appeals (David E. Ross, 2007).
More and more countries abolished this kind of penalty because they started to doubt its fairness and reliability. Amnesty International states on its website that” an average of three countries per year have abolished the death penalty since 1976 (…).”
c. Marijuana is a gateway drug that leads to the use of other drugs
According to a 12-year University of Pittsburgh study, marijuana is not a “gateway” drug that predicts or eventually leads to substance abuse. “The gateway progression may be the most common pattern, but it’s certainly not the only order of drug use,” said Ralph E. Tarter, Ph.D., professor of pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy and lead author of the study. “In fact, the reverse pattern is just as accurate for predicting who might be at risk for developing a drug dependence disorder.” (www.scienceblog.com)
Many young people who use marijuana do not go into using other drugs; further research is needed to determine who will be at greatest risk. But a higher risk is eminent for a person who uses marijuana because of his exposure to people who use and sell not only marijuana but also other drugs (drugabuse.gov).
Daryl I. “Chili” Chilimidos. “Guns Don’t Kill People – People Kill People-& the Media Loves That”. Retrieved June 16, 2009.
Ross, D. E. (2007). “Capital Punishment”. Retrieved June 16, 2009. http://www.rossde.com/editorials/edtl_capital_punishment.html
University of Pittsburg Medical Center. “Study say marijuana no gateway drug”. Retrieved June 16, 2009. http://www.scienceblog.com/cms/study-say-marijuana-no-gateway-drug-12116.html
“Marijuana: Facts for Teens”. Retrieved June 16, 2009. http://drugabuse.gov/MarijBroch/teenpg9-10.html