Jesus’ life has provided for the religion of Christianity. Jesus was and is a very important part of modern life, and without him, our lives would be totally different today. In this paper, we are trying to dig deeper into the meaning of Jesus’ crucifixion and death. The basis of the writings about Jesus’ death is solely made up of literature, and no physical structures. In the Bible, the four Gospels go into detail of Jesus’ life and death. This topic is discussed by the Roman historians Cornelius Tacitus, Pliny the Younger, and Seutonius, and by others such as Thallus, Phlegon, Lucian of Samosata, and a few others.
The Shroud of Turin, thought to be the actual burial cloth of Jesus, along with some archealogical findings, gives more strength to the ideas about how Jesus died. To me, to have a piece of cloth that Jesus could have touched is truly remarkable, because that is the history of what we believe, and to have such a great man touch it fascinates me. Moreover, with such findings as these, it is possible for scholars to proceed with more complicated theories on the death of Jesus. While many believe that Jesus’ blood loss was minimal, Luke suggests that Jesus suffered hermatidrosis and not eccrine chromidrosis, or sweating blood.
After the last supper, Jesus was arrested by Gethsemane and his trial was held in front of Sanhedrin, who again found him guilty of blasphemy. After that, Jesus was taken to be tried in front of the Romans, as they would give the final decision whether he lives or dies. Jesus went back and forth from Pontius Pilate to Herod Antipas, and both of them saw no basis to convict Jesus. However, Pilate finally gave the order to execute Jesus, as that is what the people wanted.
It is assumed that Jesus was in great shape (physically) prior to his death. Between 9AM on Thursday and 9AM Friday, Jesus went through a terrible period of emotional problems and complications, and that is something that could have weakened him much.
Scourging was a policy of the Romans prior to ones death. The victim had to strip bare, and his entire backside would be whipped according to the crime. After being scourged, the victim’s back would bleed in a disgusting display of loose flesh and exposed bones. Many times, the victim would go into circulatory shock after being scourged. Jesus was severely whipped, but it certainly is not known to what extent this was done. A crown of thorns was next placed on Jesus’ head, a rode ob his shoulders, and a wooden walking stick in his right hand. He, at this point, was probably in a state of shock. Jesus was weak now, and he was in a critical state.
Crucifixion is a terrible thing that is thought to have started with the Persians, and was improved upon by the Romans as capital punishment. It was customary for the victim to carry his own cross (actually the crossbar only was carried). As the victim carried his crossbar to the site of the crucifixion, where the stipes were, the two pieces would be secured, and to draw out the death process, a primitive seat was placed on the vertical bar, where the victims backside could harshly rest. The victim was then given a weak sedative, and thrown on their back. Their hands were nailed to the crossbar with tapered iron spikes (as found in another crucified skeletal remain near Jerusalem). It also is suggested that through archeological remains that the nails were often driven through the wrists, rather than the palms. Then victim and the crossbar were now affixed to the stipes, and the feet were nailed to it. After all this was done, the titulus (sentence) was attached above the victim’s head and the crowd mocked and jeered at the accused. As in Jesus’ case, his clothes were auctioned off to the crowd and the soldiers. Some crucified bodies have withstood 3-4 hours of the torture, while some lasted 3-4 days, but again, that all depended on the scourging. Birds and insects often bother the doomed, and Roman soldiers could hasten death by breaking the legs of the crucified. After death, which definitely came, because Roman soldiers pierced the side of the condemned with a sword through the heart, the families of the crucified were allowed to take the body and bury it properly.
All of the inflictions on the body were intended to bring intense pain and suffering. With the scourging, it weakened the body, and then being thrown on their back, the victim’s wounds were probably infected with dirt. When the arms were nailed to the cross, extreme pains would explode through each arm. Crucifixion did not cause a lot of blood, but the scourging certainly did. Breathing was almost impossible to do; because muscle cramps would have closed the airways even farther than they were before. If the victim moved, pain would be extreme and painful. Towards the end, breathing was extremely difficult, and would cause asphyxia. This and hypovolemic shock were the most likely end to the crucifixion process.
Jesus died at 3PM on Friday, after letting out a cry. The Romans did not break his legs as they did the others, because when the came to Jesus and saw he was dead, the figured why bother. They did pierce his side, and upon doing that a rush of blood and water came pouring out. After Jesus was taken down, he was brought to a tomb. It is known that Jesus was dead before the Roman soldiers pierced his side, because he died earlier of cardiac rupture or cardio respiratory failure. All and all, Jesus must have dies on the cross.
In Philippians 2:6-11, it talks how Jesus gives up his live willingly on the cross, even though he knew that the death would be painful and torturous. He loves us with all his heart, and would do anything for us. As discussed above, Jesus went through a terrible ordeal just to save us. He truly was and is a great man.
In John 3:19 it is telling us how we can be reassured that Jesus loves us and truly cares for us. Again, the above-discussed material emphasizes it.
Jesus was a terrific man and it is terrible that he had to die just to show us how much he cares for us. There are other ways of showing your love, and to die like that is a waster of a life, especially since it was our eternal savior. However, all people have a divine plan from God, and that, quite obviously, was Jesus’.