We Should Retain The Disease Concept Of Alcoholism Analysis EssayIn We Should Retain the Disease Concept of Alcoholism, George E.
Vaillant asserts that a wide-ranging and complex disease. I think theauthor has done an effective job in proving his case by using his own personalexperience that gives him authority to make an argument in this issue and hisuse of rhetoric.
In his argument essay, he sets himself up as the authority by discreditingmost academics and scholars who have been considered to be the best and thebrightest in discussing this issue.
He claims they lacked personalexperience, the one qualification that was the most important in explaining whyalcoholism is not a disease. The effectiveness of using personal experience isit gives the author merit while at the same time discrediting the scholars thatoppose his claim.
It lets the reader know that Vaillant knows what he is talkingabout and is able to give a valid argument.
In the writers reasoning, Vaillant gives support to his thesis by givingrefutations for each of the five objections that oppose his claim. He uses manydifferent rhetorical devices to prove alcoholism is a disease, such ascomparisons, figures of speech, rhetorical questions and an anecdote, as well.
Throughout the essay, the author effectively proves his point by usingcomparisons. For example, in the authors first refutation, he compares highblood pressure, coronary heart disease and alcohol abuse. He explains that thecauses for alcoholics are similar to those diseases in that both are differentlyweighted for different people and include culture, habits, and genes. Bymaking this comparison, it immediately makes the reader see the similaritiesbetween alcoholism and other diseases.
He also uses repetition in the diseases he uses for comparison. An example ofthis is the use of coronary heart disease and hypertension more than once in theessay. The purpose of this is to help the reader understand these diseases more.
It also serves as a reminder to the reader on how these diseases play a majorrole in alcoholism.
In one point, Vaillant tries to prove if alcoholics are labeled with adisease, they will become more willing to take responsibility for self-care. Toprove this, he uses a rhetorical question of leprosy. He asks the reader, Shoulda doctor who knows that a person who has leprosy keep the fact secret lest thepatient be labeled a leper? The obvious answer is no. It is important forpatients to acknowledge that they have a disease so they can take responsibilityfor themselves. The same goes for alcoholics. He puts in the example ofAlcoholics Anonymous, placing alcoholism as a disease to support his argument.
The author also uses figure of speech to his advantage. In his argument, hetries to point out that alcohol abuse causes depression, anxiety and poverty,not the other way around. He states that Fingarette reverses the position ofcart and horse. It is this particular phrase that catches the readersattention. He first refers to Fingarette as one of the academics and thendiscredits her by his figure of speech that she reverses the position of cartand horse. She obviously views psychological problems as a cause for alcoholism,when it should be the other way around. Her idea of alcoholism is wrong,therefore she cannot be viewed as an authoritative figure in this issue.
Vaillant ends his essay with an anecdote that shows a contradiction betweenideas of his associate. In the anecdote, he shows how personal experience is themost important factor in discussing this issue. His associate first believedthat alcoholism was a behavioral disorder and not a disease but after thinkingabout the tortured lives she had been studying, she realized that she had beenwrong all along. It leaves the reader knowing that if you have worked in aclinic for about two years that you would come to the conclusion that alcoholismhas to be viewed as a disease.
In conclusion to my analysis essay, I discovered that the author is a veryintelligent person that cares for this subject. Before reading the paper, myopinion on this subject was impartial. After reading, I became convinced by thewriter that alcohol is a disease. I thought his uses of authoritative languagethroughout his essay helps lure the reader into agreeing with him. Right fromthe beginning of his essay, he approaches his topic with authority. He tells thereader that he has the qualifications to present a good and intelligentargument.
Cite this The Disease Concept Of Alcoholism
The Disease Concept Of Alcoholism. (2019, Mar 15). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/the-disease-concept-of-alcoholism/