The Efffects Of Louis 16Th On France Essay

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The Gallic Revolution was a important milepost in European history,

remembered by many in historical and literary plants - The Efffects Of Louis 16Th On France Essay introduction. The state of affairs in France, largely

under the leading of Louis XVI, had a negative influence in France, therefore making a

perfect clime for the Gallic Revolution. France was plagued by both debt, and hapless

determination devising. prior to 1789.

France was destitute and burdened with some of the highest debts. On the

and Interior Minister Chretien Guillaume de Lamoignon de Malesherbes ( *The economic

beginnings of the Gallic revolution, pg. 4 ) . Louis introduced some of the most oppressive

revenue enhancements and instituted fiscal reforms. Greater reforms were prevented by the resistance

of the upper categories and tribunal. This resistance was so strong that Turgot was forced to

resign and was replaced by Jauques Necker. Lengthy wars, the support to the American

Revolution and the gross sum of revenue enhancements paid and the munificent disbursement of the tribunal

contributed to the immense national debt. The authorities? s fiscal jobs were made

worse after 1740 by the reclamation of dearly-won wars ( the Gallic revolution, pg. 9 ) . The war of

the Austrian Succession ( 1740-1748 ) and the Seven Year? s War ( 1756-1763 ) were

European wars over the domination of cardinal Europe and colonial and commercial wars

between France and Great Britain ( *Aspects of the Gallic Revolution pg. ) . At their

terminal, in 1763 France had lost about all of it? s colonial imperium in America and India. In

1778 the Gallic launched an onslaught against Britain in the American Revolution. They

were trusting to weaken old competitions and regain lost settlements. The hopes of the Gallic

were non realized and their engagement in the war increased an already heavy national

debt. After Louis XVI granted fiscal assistance ( 1778-81 ) to the American settlements

revolting against Great Britain, Necker proposed drastic revenue enhancements on the aristocracy. Necker

was forced to vacate in 1781 ( Louis XVI and M. 37 ) because of the

discontentedness of the people. Charles Alexandre deCalonne replaced him in 1783 and

borrowed money for the tribunal until the adoption bound was reached ( * Canadian

Encyclopedia ref: France, revolution ) . The choler of the Gallic people against revenue enhancements,

debt and munificent disbursement on the Court resulted in the callback of Necker in 1788, who still

could non forestall bankruptcy of the authorities. During the following twosome of old ages the

fiscal crisis steadily worsened, because the authorities was bankrupt. Louis was

forced to name a meeting with a delegate of the Estates-General, ( a authorities group

dwelling of representatives of the clergy, aristocracy and common mans ) . Once in the

run intoing the Estates-General took power of the authorities. One of the other causes of

the national debt was at the mistake of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. Louis Sixteen was

described as non overly intelligent, weak and incapable male monarch ( * Encarta, ref: Louis XVI ) .

But he was intelligent plenty to acquire money from the authorities. It was good known

that Louis was more concerned with his ain personal personal businesss than with the involvements of

the tribunal and the people. Often work bored him and he left his work up to his advisers

an curates. He preferred to pass a batch clip and the people? s money on extravagant

things, and his married woman. Rather than paying back old debts and assisting the state of affairs,

he increased revenue enhancements on the provincials and spent more money, declining the quandary.

By 1787, the national debt was 112,000,000 livres ( * the Gallic Revolution, Albert & # 8230 ;

pg. 25 ) and continued to acquire worse, sharpening the national debt even more.

In the clip taking up into and during the Gallic Revolution there was category

tensenesss, frequently between the aristocracy and the provincials. There were besides hapless life

conditions. Some say that these state of affairss are non Louis XVI? s mistake but were jobs

he inherited with the throne. So he can non be blamed for the events taking into the

Gallic Revolution. In this clip period there were category tensenesss. The Lords had all the

privileges and rights. The provincials were stepped on from every angle. So what made

the Lords so desirable? There was glamor, differentiation and acknowledgment that the baronial

statues brought. They had a scope of privileges that they received. Lords took

precedency on public occasions, and carried blades. ( the Gallic Revolution, Sydenham, 61 ) They were entitled to a test at a particular tribunals. They besides enjoyed fiscal

advantages. They paid no responsibilities on tran

sferring feudal belongings and aristocracy conferred

freedom from the basic revenue enhancement, lupus erythematosus taille ( * Oxford, pg. 27 ) The affluent consisted of the

Lords, clergy and the middle class and there was about 120,000 wealthy. The

provincials and common mans ( in-between and lower category ) nevertheless were on the underside and

consisted of 80 per centum of the population. They struggled to last and were to a great extent

taxed. The workers of France Ate inferior staff of life to their betters, and wore vesture made

of cheaper stuff. They spent half of their net incomes on staff of life and were plagued with

unemployment. In Paris the spread between the really rich ( minority ) and the bulk of

provincials was big. The crisis of the western universe was felt largely in France.

Population addition was accompanied by the atomization of provincial retentions,

unequal addition in agriculture productiveness and bad crops after 1770. Both rewards

of the common man and the degree of employment lagged behind the lifting monetary value of grain and

other basic necessities. Significant subdivisions of France were faced with worsening

criterion of life. The consequence of this was decease, out-migration, and increased figure of

mendicant, pauper and homeless citizens ( * Revolution and Terror in France..pg20 ) . The

provincials were working hard or non at all, and the money they made was spent on staff of life

and revenue enhancements. Many people were left homeless because they couldn? t wage the revenue enhancements. Even

though the? whole? state of affairs was non Louis XVI? s personal mistake, the picks and

determinations he formed, made the state of affairs even worse.

During Louis XVI? s reign, he made some really hapless determinations that could hold

influenced the terminal consequence of the Gallic revolution. First, He was influenced greatly by

people around him ( * Canadian Encyclopedia, Ref: Louis XVI ) . He was described as non

excessively intelligent, inexperienced and non wholly dedicated to his responsibilities.

Through-out his reign ( 1774-1792 ) the male monarch was helped/supported and even betrayed by

Necker. Necker made a batch of the male monarch? s determinations and persuaded him. He seemed to be

on Louis XVI? s side but so Necker published an history of the royal fundss, which

revealed the heavy costs of the privileges and favouritism. This action, non merely went

against the monarchy, but earned Necker popular acclamation. Necker besides helped Louis

decide that the common mans ( 3rd estate ) would hold as many electors as the First and

Second Estate ( clergy and aristocracy ) combined. But both he and Louis failed to do a

governing on the method of vote ( the caput count was non granted ) . In 1770 Louis married

Marie Antoinette, youngest girl of Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria. She

influenced Louis to go to to the involvements of Austria, and to disregard the fiscal crisis in

France. She frequently stood in the manner of Louis? s proposed reforms by speaking him out of

them ( Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette pg 488 ) . She talked him into firing Turgot,

who may hold been able to forestall the revolution. Her munificent life manner and the fact that

she was a alien made her unpopular with the populace. She besides influenced Louis to

spend unbelievable sums of money on her. Second, due to the fiscal jobs and

the struggle between categories, the twelvemonth 1788 proved to be hard for all. All categories were

discontent with the Ancien Regime and wanted a alteration. Louis XVI ne’er took

advantage of this state of affairs to present new reforms and derive the support of the people.

Third, under force per unit area from aristocracy and other influential powers, Louis agreed to run into

with the Estates-General. Alternatively this encouraged farther unfavorable judgment of the Ancien Regime

and provided a stronger force against the monarchy in France. All in all, Louis was

incapable of a strong determination. He should hold been capable of get the better ofing his

jobs. Louis? s powerful place should hold allowed him to coerce revenue enhancements on the

aristocracy. He should hold ne’er met with the Estates-General. Alternatively he should hold

introduced mild reforms to derive the support of the populace. Possibly if Louis XVI had been

a stronger individual the aristocracy, the clergy and his married woman wouldn? Ts have influenced him to

the same grade.

As we have noticed, there were many factors/causes that lead to the revolution.

Many facets were piled up and the merely was down was the revolution. Many of the

replies to our inquiries are left unknown. If Louis XVI had non been King, would there

have been a revolution, or was it inevitable?


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