The Fall of the Romanov Dynasty
The cause of the fall of the Romanov dynasty in 1917 was impacted by many; these people and events include: Nicholas himself (Tsar), Alexander, Rasputin, WWI and the Russian revolution. It all began in 1894 when a man named Alexander III (Tsar of Russia), died leaving his son Nicholas II to become the tsar of Russia at the age of 26. In 1894 Nicholas married Alexander the princess of Germany; they had 5 children, 4 girls and a boy. There only son Alexei was born with hemophilia.
In the 19th century, Russia was a huge country with millions of extremely poor farming peasants called serfs. They believed that the Tsar was second only to god in power, and that tsar had control over everyone. Serfs lived horrible lives and by the 1890’s many were starting to wonder why the tsar had all the wealth and they had none. Some more educated serfs began to think that maybe they should demand that the tsar give them more rights. In 1905 thousands of serfs marched to the palace, believing that the tsar would help them have better lives.
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Instead the tsar ordered his army to fire into the crowds and many were killed, an event called “bloody Sunday”. In 1907 Nicholas and Alexander had asked a priest called Gregory yefimovich also known as “Rasputin”, to help pray and care for their son Alexei when he became sick. Rasputin was known for lying, an alcoholic and a women chaser. In 1914 Russia had entered in WWI, repairing the division between the tsar and his people. At the end of august 1914 Russia had sent two large armies to attack Germany.
Russia had lost over one million people as casualties and POW’S. In 1915 tsar had decided to take control of the army himself. He moved to the army headquarters in Mogilev, 500 kilometers away from Petrograd. This caused stir between tsar and his people due to tsar abounding them and spending all their money on war. Tsar Left his wife Alexander in charge whilst he was away at war. Alexander had little control over the country as Rasputin took control and made decisions to benefit himself.
Whilst Nicholas was away at the front, Rasputin’s influence over Alexander increased immensely, he soon became her confident and personal adviser, and also convinced her to fill some governmental offices with his own handpicked candidates. Alexander and Rasputin had been blamed for russias economy decline at rapid rate. Rapsutin was then later murdered. By 1916 russia had 4 and a half times more men captured than killed. In contrast England had 5 times more killed than taken prisoner. This was mainly due to the lack of equipment and weapons the Russian troops had.
By 1917 the ratio had increased 16 prisoners of war to everyone that was killed. In 1917 the Russian revolution had began, this was the biggest factor in the fall of the Romanov dynasty. The white Russians arrested the tsarist and abdicated him from his throne putting Nicholas and his family on house arrest and he was no longer known as the Tsar, replacing him with a Bolshevik government. The red Russians had captured Nicholas and his family causing a civil war between the white and red Russians.
In July 1918 Lenin and his red Russian squad had won the civil war, and shot Nicholas and his family, leaving Russia a communist country until the 1990’s. In conclusion to the fall of the Romanov dynasty, it is shown that Nicholas had the biggest impact of Russia becoming a communist country as he did not have a greater understanding on the way to run his country, he also didn’t take full responsibility for his people and the soldiers in WW1, leaving Alexander in charge of Russia- another great impact on the fall of the Romanov dynasty.