The French Revolution and Human Rights
The French Revolution was a turning point in the history of France. This Revolution which occurred in 1979 brought about radical change in the history of France and was accompanied by social and political upheaval. During this time, the France government adopted some radical changes taking concern of citizens’ rights. The French government followed a monarchial structure before the revolution defined by king and church clergy. The changes brought about violent turmoil. This contributed to the trial of the France king.
During the revolution, there was a lot of bloodshed which was also experienced in other European power. There are some outstanding events which can be traced to the revolution (Stewart, 58). These include; Napoleonic Wars.
Britain and United States took the lead in advocating for the modern human rights. They adopted these human rights even before the French Revolution which prospered Human Rights in France. Britain and United States adopted both the civil and political rights.
These rights included; freedom of expression, law equality and government participation. Social and economic rights are also comprised in the human rights. The right of movement which enables one to move from his/her native land is also part of the human rights. The alleviation from a class is also encompassed in the human rights (Stewart, 20). The French peasants were affected as a result of income fluctuation. At the eve of the eighteenth century French had an upheaval from the French society which comprised of middle class people, women and the poor. They demanded for social, political and economic rights which were deprived from them. The French Revolution occurred as a result of the French society which soothed for consideration to apply in the all nation. French was previously dominated by aristocrats, clergy and king. French society was transformed through the revolution. This capsized after a decade with the rise of Napoleon into power. France required subsequent revolutions to acquire a nation for the entire people.
Life was terrible before the revolution. There were no economic and civil rights for the women. Women were reliable to the mandates of their fathers and husband. They were to liaise with their father and husbands for inheritance rights. Women had no rights of ruling on their property. Women were not entitled to economic rights and thus the working women had to bare suppression from the male. The females’ occupations were intruded by males thus leaving the women with less respectable jobs. French peasant also stood at the losing end. They lived in wild conditions having been denied the basic human rights. Feudal system was applied allowing acquiring of large pieces of land by Feudal Lords (Stewart, 77). Majority of the peasants were caught up in poverty with some being lucky to acquire small pieces of land through purchasing. Peasants were liable to the Lords by paying rents as well as giving out crops. The government demanded huge taxes from the peasants. The taxing system was unfair since a lot of wealth went untaxed. Noble people, church and big landowners were spared from paying taxes.
France middle class was also involved in fighting for the unequal treatment prevailing tin the society. Middle class enjoyed substantial services through intermarrying with upper class. The French revolution was culminated by the unsettled French society which comprised of women, the middle class and the poor. French revolution comprised demand for human rights demanded by the French society who felt shortchanged. Women demanded for both political and economic rights. Violence was witnessed in fulfilling peasants’ demands. The middle class advocated for a national assembly (Stewart, 109). There subsequent revolution for the attainment of human rights in the entire nation.
Stewart John Hall. A Documentary Survey of the French Revolution. New York: Macmillan, 1999
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