The Green Revolution DBQ
Although the Green Revolution was started to end world hunger and the disparity in developing countries, it caused other consequences which included population growth and changes in genetic diversity of certain plants and cultural lifestyles - The Green Revolution DBQ introduction. This revolution introduced the use of new technology and many scientifically altered crops to the world. With the rise in food supply, the population increased and some countries weren’t as starving as before. But with the advancement in technology and crop varieties, the environment and some societies suffered.
Before the revolution, many countries were miserable. Without enough food supply to feed their people, the populations were vulnerable to disease and could be a threat to more successful areas (Doc. 3). Also, there were many developing countries that had unreliable land that produced low amounts of crops which caused malnutrition and starvation, the Green Revolution was supposed to fight world hunger (Doc. 4). The authors of these documents are promoting the revolution.
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In the president’s inaugural speech, he explains how he thinks that having more food will bring about change in the world (Doc. 3). The U. S agricultural scientist, who was involved in the research of the revolution, believed that it created hope for deprived countries that there would be a period of relief from world hunger (Doc. 4). An additional document that would be useful for finding a cause would be an article reporting the living conditions of third world countries before and after the Green Revolution.
By having a report such as this one, you could compare the living conditions and see whether or not the revolution brought about change that would have helped these countries. After 1945, crop yields started to increase as well as world population with the new rise in food supply resulting from the Green Revolution (Doc. 1&2). In Mexico and India the rise in wheat yields began after the advancements from the revolution (Doc. 1). Also, as the food supply grew, the world population was steadily rising because less people were suffering from starvation (Doc. 2).
The authors of these documents are emphasizing the increases of these variables in their data, because their jobs for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations are to report the success of the revolution, to say that it was a success in their part (Doc. 1&2). Also, in other places around the world such as India and Mexico they considered the revolution a success story. The farmers of Punjab, India dove right into the opportunity to use the new technologies that the revolution offered and everyone competed to find a better use for them (Doc. ). The food and agricultural minister for India makes the point that the farmers were eager to use the revolutionary technology because, his job is to make sure that his enterprise was successful. In Mexico, the agriculture made the farmers, some more than others, very wealthy (Doc. 6). The new technology and crops that were available made it possible to have a bigger crop, without as much intensive care that would have been needed before the revolution.
A document that had accounted for the accomplishment of India’s and Mexico’s agriculture would have been useful to see if there was in fact real fulfillment from the Green Revolution and it could help us understand whether or not the crops helped, because some type of crop record could show which crops thrived, which crops failed, and how the genetically altered crops effected the ones prior to the revolution. The Green Revolution may have developed many benefits for the world, but there are always two sides to every story.
It may have benefited the upper class agricultural enterprise owners, but for those of the lower class, they had to work hard with very little benefits (Doc. 7). Women would be paid less for intensive labor and would lose certain job opportunities due to the work the new technology could do (Doc. 7). In contradiction to document 5, saying that the revolution in India was a success, a report years after exhibits that in fact it might have been a failure. Environmentally, the genetically modified crops had reduced genetic diversity and had pretty much destroyed the soil.
The more the plants were modified, the less nutritious and more vulnerable to deficiencies they became. These crops called for more water than the desert soil was able to handle, and the more farmer’s needed water, the less available it was and the more discontent they were (Doc. 8). Also, for the native Mayan people, the revolution destroyed their native plants that their culture had used for thousands of years (Doc. 10). The point of view from this document is from someone who doesn’t appreciate their native culture to be contaminated by the new technology and modified crops the revolution had to offer (Doc. 0). Finally, the revolution not only affected the world economically and environmentally, but it also affected it socially. In accordance to the development of the revolution in India, the values of their culture began to change. As technology became more advanced, people wanted a better lifestyle, which calls for better housing and better learning opportunities (Doc. 9). With a change in lifestyle, family dynamics began to change and people no longer lived with their whole family, but just as parents and children (Doc. 9).
An additional document showing records living conditions in places where the revolution was starting to fail would be useful, because it could provide evidence that some countries could have been put into debt and became more miserable because of the discontent among the majority of people, caused by the revolution. Since the world was striving to end world hunger in the twentieth century, people thought that the Green Revolution would be the answer to their prayers. At first, the revolution increased crop yields and made agriculture an opportunity to make the world a better place.
But, as time went on, people started to believe that it wasn’t such a success story after all. Many started taking advantage of these opportunities to make money instead of fighting the initial cause for the revolution. It might have been a temporary relief from their misery for the brief period after it kicked off, but after a while, it left many countries discontent and it reduced genetic diversity among native plants, which in the long run has affected the environment of the present.