The Human Body and Wellness

The job of the central nervous system is to process and send information to the peripheral nervous system. The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord and a complex network of neurons. The central nervous system is responsible for receiving, sending and interpreting information from the whole body. The nervous system also monitors and coordinates internal organ functions and responds to external changes as they occur.

The two main organs of the central nervous system are the brain and spinal cord. The brain processes and interprets sensory information sent from the spinal cord, which are protected by three layers of connective tissue called the menings. The job of the peripheral nervous system is to carry information to the (sensory nervous cells) and from the (motor nervous cells). The sensory nervous system sends information to the CNS from internal organs or from external stimuli.

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The motor nervous system carries information from the CNS to organs, muscles, and glands. What happens with the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system when eating ice cream is the brains ways to activate the nervous system, which in turn activates the peripheral nervous system because that’s where our sensory nervous cells are located activating our five senses.

In this case the tongue, eyes, nose and skin would be activated giving taste, smell, and feel. In this case it would be a pleasurable response from the body. How does information travel from the brain to the fingers? For information to travel from the brain to your fingers the central nervous system would send commands to the finger through the motor nervous system which consist of somatic system that directly controls voluntary movement.

Some difficulties that could occur after a traumatic brain injury could be a prolonged or permanent change in consciousness, awareness or responsiveness leaving a person in a vegetative state, coma, or minimal consciousness, cause seizures, fluid build up, infections, blood vessel damage, nerve damage, cognitive problems, communication problems, behavioral and emotional changes, a loss of brain functions leading to Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.

References

http://biology.about.com/od/organsystems/a/aa061804a.htm

http://www.rapidlearningcenter.com/biology/Preview/RL215/PT/ANP_CT13_PeripheralNervousSystem.pdf

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/traumatic-brain-injury/DS00552/DSECTION=complications

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