The Impact of Technology on American Society
Have you ever wondered who were the first people to create some pieces of technology, like the cell phone or the mouse, maybe your videogames that you play? Well I am going to tell you who created what and how technology has changed our lives. Technology is a broad concept that deals with a person’s usage and knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects a person’s ability to control and adapt to its environment. In American society, it is a consequence of science and engineering, although several technological advances predate the two concepts.
Even though technology may seem like a hassle for the older generations, it has greatly impacted the world because most families are dependent on technology as a part of their daily lives. Living in a modern society, technology has changed the world in an optimistic way, making many lives easier, safer, and better. Over the years, technology has grown like a young child; it started off crawling, then it learned to walk, and finally matured enough to run at a speed at which it is impossible to catch up to.
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To some extent, technology is inseparable from our lives. Through the years, technology has continuously bettered lives, even though there are incidences of the contrary. Technology has made modern society possible. It has increased the human life span and allowed a healthier life. It has added to leisure time and it has reduced long hours of work. Technology can allow the world to feed itself. It has reduced the effects or natural catastrophes such as famine and floods.
The world is now is now a smaller place where people can readily communicate with each other, where teachers can teach their students, where writers can record their songs, where teenagers can listen to their music, and where we can travel rapidly anywhere in the world. Technology has raised the standard of living at least in the developed nations, to a point unimaginable only a century ago. Although technology has changed the ways we live today it also has some dangers to it. The threat of nuclear war is foremost, though other dangers are also frightening.
The effects of dumping poisonous waste and continued pollution of the atmosphere are but two examples of the many dangers. Although 20th-century technology created more jobs than were lost, it still leaves many individuals unemployed. The world has become smaller, but social and political institutions have not yet kept pace with it. Technology ages back to when curious humans wanted to make life simpler and solve daily problems. During the early Stone Age, technology involved the use of tools to survive or hunt. Stone tools and weapons assisted early humans to engage in organized warfare and the hunt for animals.
In ancient times, technology was defined by Homer and Hesiod as the spoken word of manual craft or cunning skill. By 330 BC, Aristotle coined the Greek term technologia and split scientific knowledge into three parts: theoretical science, practical science, and productive science (technology). According to Luna, the earliest use of the word technology in the United States was found in a Harvard University course on the “application of the Sciences to the Useful Arts” in 1816. The 1832 Encyclopedia Americana defined technology as principles, processes, and nomenclatures.
Ever since that time, there has been debate as to the definition and identity of technology. From a historical perspective, philosophers of technology agree that two phases of technology can be seen: the craft phase and the modern scientized phase. However, to a philosopher of technology, modern technology, although scientized is a unique structure of thinking, not merely applied science. Nor, is technology, like science, fully described by the laws of nature. (Becker 1) Some people where smart and decided that it was time to create something that would change the perspective on life.
Such as Doug Engelbart who is most celebrated for his role in inventing the mouse (along with his lead engineer at the Stanford Research Institute, Bill English, who fashioned the first mouse prototype). At a time when many people are turning to track pads and touch screens, the mouse remains perhaps the most commonly used peripheral of the past three decades. Another piece of technology made was wireless LAN technology. There is Norm Abramson who claims to fame lies in his achievements with the ALOHAnet, the first wireless local area network.
Designed and developed by Abramson at the University of Hawaii, the ALOHAnet was the first network to transmit data successfully using radio signals — a fundamental technological breakthrough. He is one of the first people to create the internet that has changed the American society tremendously. Abramson’s ALOHAnet and its packet broadcast technology was a revolutionary advance over the switched-circuit data technologies of the time. He transmitted the data through radio frequencies and sent them to many different places throughout Hawaii.
There are many pieces of technology that were made to better the economy and the world, making it easier for everyone to do things. Here is on piece of technology everyone can relate to the cell phone. Marty Cooper’s invention — a bulky, gray two-pound box — was no fashion statement. But without the Motorola DynaTAC, we would not have the sleek smartphones we swear by today. Sure, you could only talk on it for 35 minutes, but before the DynaTAC, the only option users had for making a call were telephones tethered to the wall.
Although today we do more on a cell phone than just talk on it such as text, watch videos, send videos, take pictures, etc. Once Cooper took the bulky gray two pound box wireless the sky was the limit. Tim Berners-Lee created the World Wide Web (WWW) which has made it possible for everyone to find what they need; he also created the first web browser. It all started in the European Particle Physics Laboratory at CERN with a memo that Berners-Lee sent suggesting a global hypertext system.
His idea initially fell on deaf ears, but ultimately he got the go-ahead to experiment with a few NeXT computers, which he then used to bring his global hypertext idea to life. By 1991, Berners-Lee made the WWW available on the Internet. Gerald Lawson created the first cartridge-based video game system, the Fairchild Channel F. That invention pushed the video game industry forward into a flexible, diverse future — a world in which games were no longer married to their hardware (think Pong). Once players could switch games on a whim, game developers and software companies flourished.
The Atari 2600, the original Nintendo Entertainment System, the Sega Master System and many other classic video game systems owe their fortunes in part to Lawson’s vision. And yet, Lawson is not a well-known name in video game history — or tech history, for that matter (CDW 1). There are many ways that technology has transformed our lives, like people not talking face to face as much, everyone staying inside and not going outside and getting exercise like they use too, and so many more reasons . Some of the good ways it has affected our lives is by the rise of the internet technology which has improved our daily lives in very many ways.
The world business and trade has become very fast, easier and more reliable. You can now transact business with a person who is very far from you without any difficulties. It has become easier to book railway tickets, bus tickets and even flights at the comforts of your home without having to move. The payment of bills and other accounts related jobs of every business entity are easily managed by the available online facilities. Financial institutions and banks have introduced online internet systems which makes life easier. The introduction of ATMs has made it very possible to withdraw money at any time of the day.
Also it has become easy to advertise through the internet and thereby promoting the business in a faster way. It has also affected our lives in a bad way too. We have gone to war many times because of the technology, we are in debit to other countries, other countries can make nuclear weapons that they can fire on us, the President can cut funding for something, he can insert chips into us so it’s easier for doctors to know our medical history, and he can tap into our conversations that we have on the phone with our families. There are so many things that technology can do, some for the good and some maybe more for the bad.