The New Zealand Government
The New Zealand government at both a Local and National level is an excellent example of a modern, Representative Democracy. Different election systems, including First Past the Post (FPP), Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) and Single Transferable Vote (STV), are used to allow electors to select representatives to sit on Councils, Boards and in Parliament. Some elements of Constitutional Monarchy are present in the New Zealand system of democratically elected representatives within a constitutional Monarchy contrasts well with the dictatorship of Robert Mugabe in Zimbabwe.
Central Government in New Zealand is based on the democratic system with Political Parties voted into Parliament based on the will of the people. The New Zealand public, over the age of 18, are entitled to vote in the general elections held every 3 years. The composition of parliament is based on the Mixed Member proportional Representation (MMP) electoral system. This voting system allows a wide range of political parties to be represented in Parliament. Currently the New Zealand Parliament contains representatives from National, Labour, Green Party, Maori Party, Act and a few independent MPs.
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The national party has formed a government under an alliance with Act and the Maori Party. John Key is Prime Minister of New Zealand because he is the leader of the National Party. One of Parliaments main responsibilities is to manage the law which govern the way New Zealand operates and what the citizens are able to do. Within Parliament the speaker controls the debates and arguments that occur when Parliament sits in the debating chamber. The speaker can be elected from any Party and must act impartially and allow all members of Parliament the right to speak.
Under New Zealands constitutional Monarchy the Government is responsible to the Governor General. This is largely a ceremonial role which originates from a time when New Zealand was a colony of England. In the past the Governor General represented the English Monarchy. New Zealand is also governed by local councils that are democratically elected. In a parallel system to National Government is Local Government who is responsible. For the management and operation of our cities, towns and local environments.
The country is divided up into city and District councils. Representatives of the community are democratically elected to sit on councils and represent the needs and views of citizens. Each council is supported infrastructure of local Government employees who carry out the duties of the council. These duties cover every aspect of the everyday life including running services such as rubbish removal and sewerage, through to Maintaining Facilities such as parks and reserves to town planning and Resource Management Act Compliance and even traffic wardens.
Councils are funded through rates which are a levy charged to individual households and businesses based on the value of their property or industry. Local councils may introduce bylaws which only apply to the citizens or business located within that councils area. These local bylaws give each council the opportunity to create rules for how that city or district can operate. As systems of government, Democracy and Dictatorship exhibit key differences in how leaders are elected, power is distributed and how people are governed.
Nations that have a democratic element are those where the people have a substantial say, through a system of voting, about who is representing them in the government, and where leaders are not governing for life. In contrast, in a dictatorship, one person has control of the government and what the dictator says, goes: people get no say unless they want punishment or death. In a democracy leaders are elected by the people and political decisions are decided by the elected leaders and voters. In a dictatorship the dictator is either elected in a democracy and changes the government into a dictatorship or assumes power