“The Prince” Questions
Of the Qualities for Which Men, and Most of all Princes, are Praised and Blamed 1. Which qualities does Machiavelli say leaders will reap praise? Blame? a. Praise: courageous, merciful, faithful, religious, trustworthy, generosity, humane b. Blame: coward, miserliness, cruelty, treacherous, unbeliever 2. Which kind of qualities does Machiavelli recommend rulers to follow? Machiavelli recommends the rulers to follow the good qualities, unless needs to protect himself from a vice who would not lose the state for him or be prudent enough to escape a vice who would lose the state for him.
Of Liberality and Miserliness 3. Why does Machiavelli consider liberality dangerous? Liberality is dangerous because if you give too much and always give then all your money will be gone. Use liberality in the right way or its reputation will hurt you. 4. When does Machiavelli say that rulers should be liberal in their expenditures? When should they be miserly? Rulers should be liberal with those whom he takes nothing from and miserly with the ones he gives nothing to. 5. Is it wiser to be viewed as liberal or miserly?
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It is wiser to be viewed miser because it produces reproach without hatred and you do not end up poor. Of Cruelty and Clemency, and Whether it is Better to be Loved or Feared 6. What is the danger in being loved? The danger of being loved is if a prince has too much compassion and does not punish disloyal people, he will create a place of completer disorder because his people do what they please such as commit murder and steal. Crime hurts the whole community, but an execution only hurts the person who committed the crime. . Is it safer to be feared, or to be loved? Why? It is safer to be feared because men are ungrateful, fickle, deceivers, and greedy for gain. When danger is far they offer up everything they have but once its closer to the prince they turn away. It is easy to break a bound founded on love when situations come but the fear of punishment is dreaded and will never abandon you. How Princes Should Keep Faith 8. What is the significance of the metaphor of the lion and the fox?
The significance of the lion and the fox is that a lion cannot defend itself from traps and a fox cannot protect itself from wolves, therefore leaders need to know how to use the natures of a beast and of man. 9. Why do leaders need to keep a balance between fox and lion? The leaders need to keep a balance between lion and fox in order to be successful leaders. Princes must break promises when put at disadvantages or when the reason to make the promise is gone. They must also be great hypocrites and liars for those who allow themselves to be deceived. 10.
Which of the 5 virtues does Machiavelli feel is the most important to appear to possess? Why do you think he claims that is the most important? Machiavelli feels that the virtue of religion is the most important to appear to possess. I think he claims that this is the most important because people would judge based upon religion and he said that people are always looking at their leaders to see what they are doing. A princes methods will always be judged honorable and will be praised by all ordinary people. How A Prince Should Conduct Himself As To Gain Renown 1. Discuss the different ways in which princes can gain fame. Which of these does Machiavelli feel is most effective? When a situation arises and somebody performs an extraordinary act, being good or bad, a prince should either reward or punish him or her in a way that will cause a great discussion and in everything he does, he should give an impression that he is a very intelligent man. A prince is respected as well when he is a true friend and a true enemy, meaning that he sides with another prince against another with no reservation.
A prince should show that he that he is a lover of talent and give recognition to men who have ability. He should encourage his subjects to be free in trade and reward them because they are benefiting his city or state by aggrandizing it. How Flatterers Should Be Avoided 13. What is the danger of flattery? The danger of flattery is that it is common that powerful men become self-absorbed, and wanting to defend yourself brings the danger of being despised. 14. How should a prince go about avoiding flattery?
A prince should go about flattery by making men understand that telling the truth will not offend him. He should only let wise advisors speak to him and only when he calls for their advice. He should not listen to anyone else and be firm in his decisions. If the prince is kept from the truth, there will be punishment. Analysis: 15. Describe the ideal leader, according to Machiavelli. According to Machiavelli, the ideal leader has good qualities in him unless provoked and in need to protect himself. A leader should not be too generous because then he will become poor.
He will also start himself a reputation that will backfire. If he runs out of money to give, and can give no longer, he will be hated for not giving. Therefore a leader should be a miser to avoid bankruptcy and hatred. A leader may not be too nice and love too much because his city or state would be chaos and there would be no control. A leader has to be feared, so that his subjects may show him respect and obey what he says to avoid having a punishment. Leaders need to have beastly characteristics. Such as being a lion to scare away enemies and a fox for not falling for traps.
A leader must be an ally with somebody to defeat an enemy, stay neutral, and never go against somebody stronger than oneself. He should also recognize and reward his subjects for what they do to make his city or state better. These few things will get him more respect and make him more popular. A leader should avoid flattery by choosing a wise council and only getting advice from them when he asks for it. He should never be hesitating and always make a firm decision. These are the things one must do and be to be an ideal Machiavellian leader.