The Proliferation of Hate Groups Websites: How the Internet Contributed to the Rise of Hate Groups in America - Internet Essay Example
The Proliferation of Hate Groups Websites: How the Internet Contributed to the Rise of Hate Groups in America
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The Internet has greatly revolutionized the world. It has now become the primary source for information, business opportunities and communication all over the world. However, the Internet is also the least regulated form of medium used for communication and business purposes. As a result, some of the websites that have been posted over the Internet provide information that has been determined to cause harm to other people as well as the promotion of various groups that have been noted to promote discrimination and racism to other individuals. Such is the case of hate group websites that are posted over the Internet.
This paper would provide a general overview of the growing number of hate group websites over the Internet and how the Internet has greatly contributed to the growing number of members in these hate groups. The paper would also provide information to the various stands and beliefs of these hate groups which they post on their websites, such as their position regarding women and children, as well as their methods of recruitment with the use of the Internet.
Growth of Hate Group Websites over the Internet
As of 1998, the number of hate group websites over the Internet has increased by 60% from 163 in 1997 to 254 in 1998. In 1999, there are about 537 hate group websites that are now found over the Internet. Out of these, the most number of hate group websites were those belonging to the Ku Klux Klan organization which is the most popular of all the hate groups in the United States (McDermott 1999). This number increased by the end of 2007, with a total number of 888 websites of different hate groups now posted on the Internet (Bello 2008).
The White Supremacists
There are a number of different hate groups that target different groups of individuals. The most common are the groups promoting white supremacy, or the uplifting of the Caucasian race as the superior race in the world. Apart from the infamous Ku Klux Klan, white supremacist groups come in the form of neo-Nazi groups, such as the National Socialist Movement of America, and even church congregations such as in the case of the World Church of our Creator (Anti-Defamation League 2006).
While the approaches of these different white supremacist groups may differ, their goals and beliefs remain the same. As far as these white supremacist groups are concerned, they believe that the Caucasian race, while being the most superior of all the races, are the most prone to discrimination, prejudice and injustice. For example, in the case of the Ku Klux Klan, they believe that many of the laws being observed in the United States are anti-Caucasian. Considering that the United States was “born as an extension of White European heritage,” many of the federal and state laws that have been passed were considered to be exclusively discriminatory and degrading on the part of the Caucasian Americans (“The Knight’s Party Platform” 2008, par. 4 & 15).
White supremacist movements and groups have been known to target individuals who do either do not belong to the White European, or Aryan, race or those who are a product of inter-racial marriages. Some white supremacist groups would often target a specific group of individuals. For example, the Aryan Nations is a white supremacist group who view Jews as a living virus whose primary intent is to destroy the Aryan culture (Anti-Defamation League 2005a). The Creativity Movement, which has formerly been called World Church of the Creator, targets all non-white races, classifying them as “mud races” (Anti-Defamation League 2005b).
White Supremacist Groups Regarding Women and Children
It has been the common belief that white supremacist groups also downplay the roles of women whether they are from the same race or from another race. With regards to women belonging to the same race, they are believed to have been viewed as the caretakers of the children, supporters of their husbands and nothing more. In fact, for a long period of time, women who belong to the White European race are not recruited because they are considered to be sexually aggressive and passive victims of non-white races. With regards to women who belong to other races are those who are looked down as seducers of the Aryan race, irresponsible mothers and a living threat to the self-respect protected by White European men (Blee 2002).
In reality, white supremacist movements are in fact composed of men, women and children. Between the two, children and teenagers are now the main focus of the recruitment programs of white supremacist movements. Apart from the use of fliers, brochures and personal invitations to various events and activities, white supremacist groups have included online application forms (http://www.christianconcepts.net/informat.htm; “Join the NSM” 2008). Many of these Internet websites have also included audio files, video files and articles which are in-line with the goals and beliefs of these white supremacist groups). On top of that, the websites of many white supremacist groups have been designed to be visually pleasing and appealing to children and teenagers (Lamberg 2001).
The Role of the Internet
The growth of the membership of white supremacist groups and other hate groups has been made possible with the advent of the Internet. The Internet is perhaps the only form of medium widely used today that is poorly regulated. Many lawyers who have attempted to find justice for the victims of different hate groups would not only have to contend with the First Amendment, but also with the fact that the present Internet regulations that are observed are not able to provide the needed protection and regulation with regards to the rise of hate group websites over the Internet (The British Broadcasting Corporation [BBC] 1997). In fact, many white supremacist groups have been quick in recognizing the contribution the Internet has made in their ability to reach out to a wider audience by providing them the exposure that they need (Bello 2008; McDermott 1999).
The exposure brought about by the Internet has also greatly increased the number of hate crimes being committed within the United States. Many government leaders in the United States have noticed a direct relationship with the rise of the hate crimes being committed in the country to the growth in the number of hate group websites over the Internet (BBC 1997).
With the Internet becoming the most preferred means of communication and the dissemination of information, stricter laws and regulations must be enforced to ensure that the growth of hate group websites posted over the Internet. The International Commission on Human Rights must be able to provide guidelines with regards to the regulation of website content materials as well as the monitoring of the policies and different legislations passed by different government offices both in the United States and in other parts of the world. While this may appear to be a tedious task to accomplish, it is the only means to ensure that the number of hate group websites posted on the Internet would be regulated, if not reduced.
Anti-Defamation League. (2005a). Aryan nations/church of Jesus Christ Christian.
Retrieved from http://www.adl.org/learn/ext_us/ Aryan_Nations.asp?LEARN_Cat=Extremism&LEARN_SubCat=Extremism_in_America&xpicked=3&item=an.
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Blee, K. M. (2002). Inside organized racism: women in the hate movement. Berkely, CA:
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British Broadcasting Corporation. (1997, November 10). Warning over Internet ‘hate
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Ku Klux Klan. (2008). The knight’s party platform. Retrieved from http://www.kkk.bz/
Lamberg, L. (2001). Hate-group websites target children, teens. Psychiatric news, 36(3),
26. Retrieved from http://pn.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/36/3/26.
McDermott, A. (1999, February 23). Hate group websites on the rise. CNN.com. Retrieved
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