‘AYURVEDA’ the science of life which is the natural healing system to mankind. Ayurveda originated as part of ‘Vedic science’. Ayurveda includes herbal medicine, Dietities, body work, surgery, psychology and spirituality. ‘AYU’ means life ‘VEDA’ means science, so literally ‘AYURVEDA’ means ‘science of life’. AYURVEDA is part of a new movement towards a global medicine that includes the best developments in the medicines of all lands of all the system. Ayurveda is probably the best point of synthesis for such a global medicine. One is impressed by the vast conceptual canvas and framework of Ayurveda.
It is important to realize that Ayurveda is not confined to medicine only. The emphasis on the maintenance of positive health or Swastha Vritha is a distinguish feature of Ayurveda. In order to maintain positive health Ayurveda, prescribes specific daily routine ‘Dinacharya’ and also a seasonal regime ‘Ritucharya’. In dinacharya great importance is given to diet which is to be taken in a proper way with regards to quality, quantity as well as frequency. In daily regime Ayurveda advocates not to suppress certain natural physical wages like micturition, defecation, hunger, Sleep etc.
On the other hand suppressions of harmful psychic urges is advocated by Ayurveda-like greed, fear, anger, vanity, jealousy, malice and excessive attachment to anything. Ayurveda gives equal importance to mental health for which a regime of ethical life (sadurutta) is prescribed. Strict mental discipline and strict adherence to moral values is considered a pre-requisite for mental health. The aim of Ayurveda is to promote health, increase immunity and resistance-and to cure Disease. Clinical approach in Ayurveda: There are three means open to the physicians for ascertaining the nature of any sideness. They are; Theoretical knowledge of the possible causes and symptoms and signand Complaints. •Otorhinolaryngology and Ophthalmology(Shalakya) •Surgery( Shalya) In the absence of one or more of the three aids to diagnosis, or with they are fragmentary or incorrect knowledge. The physician cannot come to a true conclusion. The physician should integrate the patient about his complaints in great detail. He should use the five senses of sight, touch, hearing, smell and taste. In addition to oral enquiring, fullness or emaciation of the body, state and indications of vitality, strength, complexion, etc.. are perceived by the sense of sight.
The heat and coldness of the body, gluss, roughness, hardness or softness of the skin of the affected part as in fever or in edematous swelling of the body are perceptible by the sense of touch. The Voga making the blood ebullient, forces it up with a distinctly audible report and thus affects the sense of hearing. The characteristic swell emitted by an ulcer on its critical stage should be determined with the help of the organ of taste. Secretions or discharges should be tested with the organ of taste. In diabetes (PramchaMadu mcha) one should watch the urine being or not being swarmed with lots and thies.