Get help now

The scope and nature of qualitative research

dovnload

Download

  • Pages 3
  • Words 545
  • Views 514
  • Can’t find relevant credible information

    Let our experts help you

    Get help now

    THE SCOPE AND NATURE OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH SFR780 GOODWIN

    TWO CULTURES OF RESEARCH*
    Humanistic Research

    Natural Science Research

    Individuals and relations

    Properties or attributes of objects

    Development is of interest to the
    researcher

    Objects normally are not assumed to
    change during course of study

    Intensive study of small number of
    individuals

    Objects/individuals studied in natural
    surroundings

    Study many specimens, sample from a
    population. Goal is to make valid
    generalizations from sample data to
    population

    Objects studied in an artificial situation,
    experiment, questionnaire

    Explanations based on cause and effect
    relations, fetch explanation from the past
    for the state of things. Object has no will
    of its own

    Mainly study quantities

    Understanding is the goal. Explanations,
    if any, are usually in terms of intentions,
    accomplishments
    Mainly study of qualities

    *Snow, C. P. (1959). The Two Cultures and the Scientific
    Revolution. New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Qualitative Research in Education generally includes
    approaches to inquiry that depend on:
     elaborated and developed accounts of our experiences with others,
     our thoughts and total understanding about our experience during the research process, and
     what we feel in our hearts. What is happening and why?
     In other words, what we experience inside and out when
    learning more or gaining a deeper understanding becomes
    a central part of the research process.
     (the above, all in relation to some topic of interest,
    phenomenon, or object of study)
     Subjectivity in the participants and in the researcher is taken seriously.
     It’s takes the meaning of experience seriously into account as part of the understanding.

    QUALITATIVE DATA SOURCES

    Observation: as participant; as non-participant

    Observational records:


    Interviews: structured; semi-structured; unstructured (open) 





    field notes (rich, thick description; reflection, memos; beginning of analysis) Own research journal work, like field notes, but perhaps more autobiographical Audio and video recording

    Note taking vs. audio or video recording (transcription)
    Guidelines: listen, focus, wait, be open-ended, follow-up, empathysympathy for other’s perspective. With children: also use their words and phrasings.
    Interviewing for information and interviewing for feeling.
    Group interviews: focus groups (facilitation)
    Email and other digital forms
    Questionnaires

    Records and documents: Archival data; journals; maps; artifacts.

    VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH

    Validity




    Reliability

    Trustworthiness: credibility (account for complexity, detailed case examples); transferability (detail context, data representation); dependability (consistency/stability of data); confirmability (reflexivity; triangulation). Descriptive: accuracy

    Interpretive: accurate portrayal of participant perspective
    Theoretical: how the research relates to the bigger picture
    Evaluative: is the researcher bias clear, articulated

    Consistency in data collection; methodology (e.g., interview/observation methods)

    Generalizability

    Relevance to case
    shared understanding

    Qualitative research in education includes:
     field research in communities, schools, and
    classrooms
     case study research (e.g., local culture, individual
    community, single institution, local school, single
    classroom, a group, an individual)
     ethnography (cultural study)
     document and content analysis, including historical
    studies
     interview and observational research
     Narrative, life history, and biographical studies

    Other names for qualitative research
    interpretive
     naturalistic
     phenomenological
     descriptive or narrative
     subjective

    Qualitative research may relate to theoretical concerns, such as
    symbolic interactionism
     constructivism
     ethnomethodology
     nature of self

    Qualitative researchers
     have fun – involves interaction, connection
     work diligently – to get it right
     are sustained by search for authenticity, search for deeper meaning, understanding, truth
     also may experience some uncertainty since the inquiry is likely to be at least somewhat open-ended
     experience satisfying insight just as in measurement
    research

    The scope and nature of qualitative research. (2016, Dec 01). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/the-scope-and-nature-of-qualitative-research/

    Hi, my name is Amy 👋

    In case you can't find a relevant example, our professional writers are ready to help you write a unique paper. Just talk to our smart assistant Amy and she'll connect you with the best match.

    Get help with your paper