The selection and adaptation of the material on the topic "Towns and places" Essay

Ministry of education and science of Ukraine

Kharkiv State Pedagogical University by G.S - The selection and adaptation of the material on the topic "Towns and places" Essay introduction. Skovoroda

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Department: English Linguistics

Course paper on the subject

The choice and version of the stuff on the subject & # 8220 ; Towns and topographic points & # 8221 ;

Kharkiv 2003

Contentss

I. Introduction I. Introduction

II. Theoretical portion

1. The ways of presenting the subject & # 8220 ; Towns and topographic points & # 8221 ;

2. Types of activities

III. Practical portion

1. The set of the exercisings on the subject

a ) Towns of the USA

B ) Towns of Ukraine

2. The working out of the lessons for pupils of the 10th
signifier

IV. Decision

I
.Introduction

This research paper is devoted to the subject & # 8220 ; The choice and version of the stuff on the subject & # 8220 ; Towns and topographic points & # 8221 ; . The topicality of this topic is brought about that many pupils travel to other metropoliss, towns and abroad, and they are eager to state about their feelings, escapades. The subject is closely connected with our life ; it is easy for students to larn the words, to do up sentences, duologues. They have treatments, studies, and questionnaires. To our head, most of pupils take portion in the role-plays with great pleasance. Such lessons should be really assorted, intensive, full of joy. At the first lesson pupils learn new words, looks, enrich their vocabulary stock. Later they can convey their ain albums and depict their trips, metropoliss, towns they & # 8217 ; ve visited. There is a broad scope of stuff for instructors, which helps them in learning such an interesting subject.

The purpose of our paper is to work out the system of exercisings on the subject & # 8220 ; Towns and topographic points & # 8221 ; for pupils of intermediate degree.

Harmonizing to the purpose the undermentioned undertakings are to carry through:

1 ) Observe the ways of choices stuff on the subject ;

2 ) Design a set of activities and exercisings, directed on development of composing accomplishments, speech production, listening, reading, on the stuff from class books adopted by ministry of instruction and scientific discipline of Ukraine.

II.
Theoretical portion

a ) The ways of presenting the new stuff

Whatever the degree of the students and nevertheless linguistic communication survey is organized within ESA learning sequences, there are four things that need to make with new linguistic communication: be exposed to it, understand its significance, understand its signifier ( how it & # 8217 ; s constructed ) and pattern it ) . Teachers use different wooden blocks of different length and colors there are different ocular possibilities excessively: cards, drawings, and images.

Topic & # 8220 ; Towns and topographic points & # 8221 ; gives broad chance for utilizing different sorts of texts about metropoliss and towns of the USA, Great Britain and Ukraine, about the most of import topographic points of involvement. Types of texts may be rather different, they are encyclopedia & # 8211 ; type texts or short narratives. The instructor must take the students read magazines articles, letters, narratives, bill of fares, advertizements, studies, drama infusions, instructions, and verse forms.

There are really different sorts of work with texts:

1 ) Students are given a figure of words from the text. They must think what metropolis or town it is ;

2 ) They read the text and have to think where people come from ( metropolis, town ) . Some topographic points of involvement are mentioned at that place ;

3 ) Students read narrative with the terminal losing. They have to provide their ain stoping.

As we understand the instructor must take the stuff on the & # 8220 ; Towns and topographic points & # 8221 ; so interesting and utile, that every student will work with pleasance, will be interested in larning this subject.

The chief status of acquisition of the subject is cognizing words and looks. It & # 8217 ; s footing. How can pupils retrieve the new words best of all? They repeat the new words after the instructor. Repeat can be really utile. Chorus repeat allows students to seek the new words out with everybody else instead than holding to put on the line acquiring it incorrect in forepart of the category. The pupils repetition the words separately. Choral and single repeats are utile for sentences every bit good. The chief status of acquisition of the subject is cognizing words and looks. It’s footing. How can pupils retrieve the new words best of all? They repeat the new words after the instructor. Repeat can be really utile. Chorus repeat allows students to seek the new words out with everybody else instead than holding to put on the line acquiring it incorrect in forepart of the category. The pupils repetition the words separately. Choral and single repeats are utile for sentences every bit good.

Practice Sessionss at this degree are likely to be a combination of repeat and simple & # 8211 ; doing of the sort the instructor is utilizing in this illustration. With different words and buildings he may non be able to keep up objects or point to them, alternatively he can utilize images, drawings, mummer, gesture, words, etc.

It & # 8217 ; s really utile to utilize invitations. It & # 8217 ; s a good opportunity to do up good duologues.

For illustration:

– Would you like to see the museum of H2O in Chuguyev on Sunday?

– That would be great! I & # 8217 ; thousand sure I & # 8217 ; ll be free and we & # 8217 ; ll travel at that place.

B )Types of activities

Students need to pattern the inquiries and answer exchange, they work in braces and do as many invitations and answers as they can. In really big categories, it may be utile to split the category in half: one half is Sarah ; the other half is Joe.

The instructor can carry on the halves so that they can pattern the inquiries and replies.

A much better sort of pattern is to inquire them to do their ain sentences utilizing the words right if they make some errors.

The chief purpose of the students is to execute some sort of talk about towns and topographic points of involvement. There are different sorts of talking activities from mystifier & # 8211 ; like undertakings to more involved role-playing.

One type of talking activity involves the alleged & # 8220 ; information spread & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; where two talkers have different parts of information doing up a whole. Because they have different information there is a spread between them. One popular information spread activity is called & # 8220 ; Describe and draw & # 8221 ; . In this activity one pupil has a image which he or she must non demo his or her spouse. All the spouses have to make is to pull the image without looking at the original, so the 1 with the image will give instructions and descriptions and the & # 8220 ; creative person & # 8221 ; will inquire inquiries.

& # 8220 ; Describe and draw & # 8221 ; has many of the elements of an ideal speech production activity. It is extremely motivative ; there is a existent intent for communicating.

A farther extension of the information spread thought occurs in the narrative & # 8211 ; stating activity.The instructor puts the category into four groups, naming them A, B, C, D. each group receives some images of the topographic points of involvement of some metropolis or town. The groups memorize everything they can about the images. The instructor collects the images and asks for one pupil from each group to organize a new four & # 8211 ; individual group. He tells them that they each seen a different image, but the image taken together in some order or other state a narrative about the metropolis, may the students retrieve some facts, inside informations about the memorials, museums, etc. the concluding narratives may be different. The groups tell the whole category what their version is, and the instructor can eventually re-show the images. Their story-telling can, of class be utile as a preliminary to written narrative work.One manner of arousing conversation sentiment exchange is to acquire pupils to carry on questionnaires and studies. If the students plan these questionnaires themselves, the activity becomes even more utile. The instructor wants to trip students & # 8217 ; cognition.

– What sort of questionnaire can it be?

– What places of involvement do you ever seek to see?

– Where do you halt? ( a hotel, private level or a house )

– Have you met any interesting people during your jaunt?

– Have you taken any exposures?

If you answer & # 8216 ; yes & # 8217 ; , depict the experience. The students go round the category oppugning other students observing down what they say. While they are making this the instructor listens and prompts where necessary and he so gets them to state the category of any interesting experience. Encouraging pupils to acquire up and walk around speaking to other schoolmates has many advantages. It varies the construction of schoolroom period, allows pupil a spot of physical motion and provides a welcome assortment of interaction. Students can plan and utilize studies and questionnaires about any subject & # 8211 ; conveyance, topographic points where you can rest, services in the metropolis, etc.

The alteration of sentiments provokes self-generated fluid linguistic communication usage. The first thing to retrieve is that people need clip to piece their ideas before treatment. The ability to give self-generated and articulate sentiments is disputing in our ain linguistic communication, allow entirely the linguistic communication we are fighting to larn.

The instructor starts by inquiring single pupils to call any museums they have visited. Did they enjoy the jaunt? Did they learn any interesting facts about the history? Students are broken up into groups. They have a opportunity to believe of thoughts. This sort of treatment can be formalized into proper debate-speakers on different sides giving addresss comments.Role & # 8211 ; drama activities are those where pupils are asked to imaging that they are in different state of affairss and act consequently. The instructor may state them to role-play being invitees from another metropolis, travel agents replying client inquiries, participants in a public-building undertaking, ushers.

For illustration, the conversation at the travel agency.The instructor asks pupils to inquire about inside informations of their travelling. Students must lodge to the information on their original cards, but can contrive new facts, which fit with that information.The teacher now tells the group to get down, but sets a clip bound for the president to denote the consequence. While the activity is traveling on the instructor goes around the groups motivating where necessary and doing notes on illustrations of good and bad English use that he hears. When the clip bound is up, the instructor asks the assorted chairpeople to state haw their groups voted and why.

The role-game can now take into a figure of possible composing undertakings: a section of the duologue, a newspaper study, letters to the newspaper, postings, etc.

We want to depict some stuff, which can de used for learning students. It is divided into two facets:

1 ) Cities of English-speaking states ;

2 ) Cities and town of Ukraine ;

Three
.Practical portion.
The metropoliss of English speech production states

The set of the exercisings The set of the exercisings

Listening.

1. The four invitees from Canada have now returned from their visit and are being interviewed on the local wireless.

Work in braces. Before you listen, try to conceive of which portion of your program they enjoyed most. Now listen to the 4 visitants speaking about their trip. Then make full in the grid below.

Name Best portion of the trip
1
2
3
4

Writing

1.Draw a line to fit the metropolis sentence on the right. Then unite the two simple sentences into a complex sentence with an adjectival clause. Think carefully about utilizing where or which. Write your new sentence on another piece of paper.

a )

B ) Some North American Cities

1. Atlanta is a fast growth metropolis The Golden Gate Bridge is located here.
2. Calgary has a large one-year rodeo It is frequently called & # 8220 ; Big Apple & # 8221 ;
3. New York City is a great cultural centre Disneyworld, the Epcot Center and Universal Studios are located at that place.
4. Mexico City is the largest metropolis North America It is located near the foothills the Rocky Mountains
5. San Francisco has many steep hills It & # 8217 ; s on the St. Lawrence River
6. Denver is called & # 8220 ; the Mile High City & # 8221 ; The 1996 Summer Olympics were held at that place.
7. Orlando is a popular tourer finish The 1996 Supreme Olympics were held at that place.
8. Montreal is the 2nd Largest Gallic talking metropolis in the universe It is capital of Mexico

3. Look at the sentences and fit them with their significance

James has been to Scotland James is non here, he is in Scotland now
James has been in Scotland since 1990 James has visited Scotland but he isn & # 8217 ; t here now
James has gone to Scotland James lives in Scotland now

11 ) Write sentences utilizing the undermentioned words.

1. Capital, population, to be ;

2. to be situated, river, oral cavity ;

3. place, many celebrated work forces, to be ;

4. period, fruitful life

5. rubber-necking, circuit, about the metropolis, to wish

6. to be celebrated for, edifice

4. Translate such sentences into English:

1. & # 1051 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1085 ; & # 8211 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1096 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1093 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1045 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1099 ;

2. & # 1069 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1092 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1080 ;

3. & # 1042 ; & # 1042 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1093 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1080 ;

4. & # 1050 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1058 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1101 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1102 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1102 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1086 ;

5. & # 1058 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1101 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1096 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1072 ;

Reading

1. & # 8220 ; My Neibourhood & # 8221 ;

Read the text describing topographic points, and fill in the spreads with suited prepositions from the list below

Through, outside, from, opposite, on, near, in.

My level is ( 1 ) & # 8230 ; .. the 5th
floor of a high & # 8211 ; rise block which is ( 2 ) & # 8230 ; .. a busy route. During the twenty-four hours we can hear the traffic passing ( 3 ) & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; which can be rather distressing, but fortuitously there is a park merely ( 4 ) & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; . Our edifice, so we have a pleasant position of grass and trees ( 5 ) & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; our life room windows. I frequently walk ( 6 ) & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; the park to acquire to the other side. The centre of the town is rather ( 7 ) & # 8230 ; .. my level, so it & # 8217 ; s convenient for both shopping and amusement.

3. You and spouse are members of a commission responsible for duplicating your town. You want to duplicate your town with a little town in England called Budleigh Salterton. So you have invited four people from Budleigh Salterton to your town.

Read the information about two of your invitees and fill in the signifier antonym.

Dear Mary!

Thank you for your missive. I & # 8217 ; m looking frontward for my trip.

I work at place, I & # 8217 ; m married. I have two little kids. I make Sweets sweets for eating houses in the country. I would be interested in sing local eating houses and picking up traditional formulas every bit good as run intoing freelance people. I & # 8217 ; vitamin Ds like to see your native town.

I & # 8217 ; d love to make some rubber-necking but non museums.

Your friend Jane

Beloved Christine!

I work closely with Emergency Services and would appreciate the chance of happening out more about how your constabulary, fire and ambulance services map.

I would besides wish to see any athleticss centres in your town. Possibly following twelvemonth we could form a football, hoops or tennis lucifer between our squads?

1 ) Your sincerely Simon

Name Age Interests Other information

2 ) Now inquire your spouse about other two visitants. Answer your spouse & # 8217 ; s inquiries and fill in the remainder of the signifier.

3 ) Then with your spouse program two exciting and enlightening yearss for the visitants to your town. Try to maintain together every bit much as possible, but besides seek to maintain everyone happy. When you are be aftering their itinerary remember to include travel clip, agencies of conveyance, etc.

Time Day 1 Day 2
Coffee interruption
Lunch
Tea interruption
Dinner and flushing

Grammar

My town

Across, in, behind, on, through.

My hometown is situated ( 1 ) & # 8230 ; .. the south seashore of England. It is really picturesque, with wooden hills ( 2 ) & # 8230 ; .. it and a river running ( 3 ) & # 8230 ; .. it. Most of the edifices ( 4 ) & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; the High Street are old and quaint, and there are several beautiful old Bridgess. ( 5 ) & # 8230 ; .. the river you & # 8217 ; ll happen the newer portion of the town, which is besides attractive. I think my town is one of the prettiest in England.

Our local library

Through, across, in, indoors, at.

Our local library which is situated at the border of the park ( 1 ) & # 8230 ; .. the route from my house is a surprisingly good 1. The exterior is rather modern, and ( 2 ) & # 8230 ; . The ambiance is really quiet and relaxed. Books are arranged neatly ( 3 ) & # 8230 ; .. the shelves, and people sit ( 4 ) & # 8230 ; .. tabular arraies or ( 5 ) & # 8230 ; .. comfy armchairs, reading and taking notes. ( 6 ) & # 8230 ; . the Windowss you can see the green trees of the park, I love passing clip at that place, and travel whenever I can.

4. Fill in the right preposition

1. I wanted to travel to the park & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; pes, but my sister insisted that we should travel & # 8230 ; .. cab because it was so far off. However, one time we were & # 8230 ; the cab, we realized that it would hold been quicker to walk, because there was so much traffic.

2. the edifice used to be a warehouse. It has now been transformed & # 8230 ; . Into a eating house and it & # 8217 ; s wellknown & # 8230 ; . Its delightful nutrient.

3. My brother went to Spain & # 8230 ; . plane last month. He was a spot frightened as he had ne’er flown earlier, but one time he was & # 8230 ; . the plane, he forgot all his frights and enjoyed the flight.

4. Old Mr. Roberts has a immense assortment & # 8230 ; .. of workss in his garden, and is ever touting & # 8230 ; . the monetary value he won in a horticulture competition.

5. We don & # 8217 ; t need to worry & # 8230 ; . noisy tourers as our bungalow is far & # 8230 ; . From the popular bars and beaches.

5. Put the words in brackets into the Past Simple or Continuous.

Many old ages ago while I ( 1 ) & # 8230 ; . ( travel ) through Europe by train I ( 2 ) & # 8230 ; ( have ) the opportunity to see most of the major European capitals and look up to the traffic scenery. One twenty-four hours as the train ( 3 ) & # 8230 ; ( base on balls ) through the Gallic countryside it all of a sudden ( 4 ) & # 8230 ; ( halt ) at little picturesque small town because of engine jobs. While we ( 5 ) & # 8230 ; ( delay ) for the train to be repaired, we ( 6 ) & # 8230 ; ( acquire away ) to make some rubber-necking for a twosome of hours. I ( 7 ) & # 8230 ; ( travel ) cosy eating house where I ( 8 ) & # 8230 ; ( enjoy ) some keen Gallic vino. In the terminal, I ( 10 ) & # 8230 ; ( non mind ) the hold at all.

6. Fill in the spreads with & # 8216 ; since & # 8217 ; or & # 8216 ; for & # 8217 ; .

1 James has been delving the flower beds & # 8230 ; 9.30 this forenoon. 2. Leslie has lived in Amsterdam & # 8230 ; 2 old ages. 3. how long is it & # 8230 ; you last went to the opera? 4. that adult male has been waiting for the coach & # 8230 ; over 25 proceedingss. 5. I have been larning English & # 8230 ; last much.

7. Put the verbs in brackets into the Past Simple, Past Perfect Simple or Past Perfect Continuous

The 1st
clip I ( 1 ) & # 8230 ; ( to see ) Silver Beach I was on vacation with my household. A friend of ours ( 2 ) & # 8230 ; ( Tell ) us that it was the best beach in the country. When we ( 3 ) & # 8230 ; ( arrive ) we saw 100s of people lying on the beach, basking the sunlight. We ( 5 ) & # 8230 ; ( non recognize ) that we were acquiring sunburnt, when we all of a sudden realized that we were acquiring sunburnt, so we ( 10 ) & # 8230 ; . ( decide ) to travel for a swim. The H2O was so bracing that we ( 11 ) & # 8230 ; ( swim ) for over an hr. After that we ( 12 ) & # 8230 ; ( to travel ) to the saloon for a bite. Much to our surprise, when we got back to our topographic point, all of our things were soaked! While we ( 13 ) & # 8230 ; ( be ) at the saloon the tide ( 14 ) & # 8230 ; ( come ) in. our friend ( 15 ) & # 8230 ; ( bury ) to state us non to sit excessively close to the H2O.

8. Fill in the spreads with prepositions and happen out some facts about Manchester

Manchester is a big metropolis & # 8230 ; ( 1 ) in the Northwest of England. It is located & # 8230 ; ( 2 ) the river Irwell, a tributary – & # 8230 ; ( 3 ) the large Mersey river, and is linked & # 8230 ; ( 4 ) it & # 8230 ; ( 5 ) the Manchester ship Canal. Its place make it one & # 8230 ; ( 6 ) the chief ports & # 8230 ; ( 7 ) England. Manchester was once known & # 8230 ; ( 8 ) its wool and cotton industries, but is now the fiscal and concern centre & # 8230 ; ( 9 ) the country. When Britain was an Empire, Manchester was known as & # 8220 ; Cottonpolis & # 8221 ; because there were many big cotton Millss & # 8230 ; ( 10 ) the metropolis and & # 8230 ; ( 11 ) the little towns & # 8230 ; ( 12 ) it.

Manchester is a beautiful metropolis but unluckily many & # 8230 ; ( 12 ) its old edifices ( 14 ) were destroyed. The citizens & # 8230 ; ( 15 ) Manchester are called Manchurians.

Talking

1. Look at the images on the chalkboard and think some of them:

a+ fast

B + diff

degree Celsiuss + Monday

vitamin D el+ ( Bridge )

camel

vitamin E + gow

f+ Chester

Key: a ) Belfast, B ) Cardiff, degree Celsius ) London, vitamin D ) Cambridge, vitamin E ) Glasgow, degree Fahrenheit ) Manchester

2. On the chalkboard the topographic points of involvement are written.

a ) Choose lone topographic points of involvement

of London.Trafalgar Square

The Capitol

The Houses of Parliament

The White House

The British Museum

The Lincoln Memorial

Buckingham Palace

Kreschatic

The National gallery St Pauls Cathedral

Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra

Piccadilly Circus

Large Ben

B ) Tell about these topographic points of involvement, give some information

3. Think the name of the metropolis

It & # 8217 ; s 2000 old ages old. The Fatar colony of Khadzybey foremost mentioned it in 1415. it was based here. The Ukrainian sea Cossacks conquered the Turkish fortress and the colony of Khadzybey during the Russian & # 8211 ; Turkish war of 1787-1791. the metropolis was founded at the terminal of the Seventeen century in 1784 and 1795 it was renamed ( Odessa )

degree Celsiuss ) Now choose a metropolis in Ukraine and compose a similar description. Don & # 8217 ; t give the name.

vitamin D ) Now let & # 8217 ; s play a & # 8216 ; Guessing game & # 8217 ; . Read out the description to the remainder of the category. Pupils guess the name of the metropolis.

4. Talk on the followers

In your sentiment, can the capitals of the states be called their typical metropoliss?

Explain why or why non?

– If you could see merely 3 topographic points of involvement in Kiev, London and Washington which would you see? And why?

– Can you explain what attracts people in the large metropoliss?

– If you visit some new topographic point do you prefer to see it from the coach or auto window or to research it on pes?

– Discovery three similarities and three differences in the 3 capitals

– Are you interested in the history of metropoliss, towns, and small towns in general and capitals in peculiar?

5. There are sheets of paper on the tabular array with the names of the metropoliss. They are put face down. In bends students come to the tabular array and take one card. Pupils must state schoolmates about metropoliss, they have ( chosen ) ( Coventry, Manchester ) , Liverpool, Oxford, Cambridge, Sheffield, and Birmingham. Pupils work in groups in four. Every group must think some metropolis. other group inquire some inquiries to think the name of the metropolis.

Vocabulary

1. Label the different parts of the house and the garden utilizing words of the text

Gazebo, roof, chimney, shed, porch, flowerbed, gallery, vegetable secret plan, tiles, thrust, balcony, gate, wall, garage.

2. Complete the sentences:

1. London is the & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; … of England.

2. Birmingham and Coventry are two of the large & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; . .

3. Sheffield is the centre of the steel & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; .

4. Liverpool is one of the large & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; on the West seashore of the island.

5. Manchester is a centre of & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; industry.

Key: 1 ) Capital, 2 ) industrial centre, 3 ) industry, 4 ) ports, 5 ) fabric.

Trials

Trial

& # 1030 ; . Choose the right discrepancy to finish the undermentioned sentences:

1.Kiev is

a ) Younger than London degree Celsius ) Younger than Washington
vitamin D ) Equally old as London vitamin D ) Equally old as Washington

2.Kiev became the capital of Kyivan Rus

a ) In the reign of Prince Volodimir ;

B ) In the reign of Prince Yaroslav ;

degree Celsiuss ) Before the reign of Prince Volodimir ;

vitamin D ) After the reign of Prince Yaroslav ;

3. Golden Gates in Kiev used to be

a ) a topographic point of war vessel ;

B ) a topographic point oflearning ;

degree Celsius ) an entryway to the metropolis ;

vitamin D ) an entryway to the cathedral ;

4. Andriyivska Church

a ) was designed by an Italian designer ;

B ) is in Shevchenko avenue

degree Celsius ) was painted by Rastrelli

vitamin D ) has frescos painted by Vrublyov

5.St

. Pauls Cathedral is celebrated for it & # 8217 ; s unique

a ) physical phenomenon

B ) Clock tower

degree Celsius ) immense bell

vitamin D ) chainss

6. The changing of the guard takes topographic point in forepart of

a ) Westminster Palace

B ) Buckingham Palace

degree Celsius ) The Tower

vitamin D ) The Houses of Parliament

7. Nelson Column commemorate the British triumph in the war with

a ) Germany

B ) Italy

degree Celsiuss ) Russia

vitamin D ) France

8. George Washington was

a ) the first President of the USA

B ) the designer

degree Celsius ) assassinated in the Ford Theatre

vitamin D ) the writer of the Declaration of Emancipation

9. Washington is situated in

a ) the province of New York

B ) the province of Columbia

degree Celsius ) the province of Washington

vitamin D ) no province

10. The Capital is

a ) a musium in Washington

B ) the Washington Memorial

vitamin E ) the President & # 8217 ; s abode

degree Celsius ) the location of the Congress

11.The Lincoln Memorial looks like

a ) large pencil

B ) an ordinary house

degree Celsius ) a classical Hellenic Temple

vitamin D ) a classical Roman Temple

& # 1030 ; & # 1030 ; . Capital quiz

1 ) Where in Kiev can you see monsters in the street?

2 ) In which of London & # 8217 ; s Parkss can you happen the lake with a serpent name?

3 ) What fruit-tree is honoured in one of Washington & # 8217 ; s festivals?

4 ) Who is the frequenter saint of Kiev?

5 ) Where will you travel in London to happen the housing of Mr. Sherlock Holms?

6 ) Where in London can people of different historic era acquire together?

7 ) Abraham Lincoln & # 8217 ; s name can be found on the map of the USA. Where?

Cities of Ukraine

Writing

1. Translate into English:

1. & # 1050 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1111 ; & # 1074 ; & # 8211 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1081 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1097 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1093 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1110 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1110 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1110 ; . & # 1056 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1081 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1093 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1093 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1093 ; & # 1044 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1110 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1110 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1108 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1110 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1110 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1110 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1110 ; & # 1074 ; . 2 & # 1030 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1110 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1059 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1111 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1110 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 8217 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1050 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1108 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1084 ; .3 & # 1061 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1097 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1082 ; & # 8211 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1094 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1050 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1108 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; 4 & # 1050 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1111 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1110 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1081 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1111 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1093 ; & # 1110 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1084 ; & # 8217 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ;

Grammar

1. Fill in the prepositions in the undermentioned text and larn about another big Ukrainian metropolis.

Dnipropetrovsk is one of & # 8230 ; ( 1 ) the most of import metropoliss & # 8230 ; ( 2 ) the Southeastern portion & # 8230 ; ( 3 ) Ukrayina. It stands & # 8230 ; ( 4 ) a curve & # 8230 ; ( 5 ) the Dnieper River and spreads & # 8230 ; ( 6 ) its both Bankss & # 8230 ; ( 7 ) many kilometres. It was founded & # 8230 ; ( 8 ) 1776 & # 8230 ; ( 9 ) the reign & # 8230 ; ( 10 ) Catherine II and named & # 8230 ; ( 11 ) her honor Katerinoslav

Today Dnipropetrovsk is the 3rd largest metropolis & # 8230 ; ( 12 ) Ukraine a population & # 8230 ; ( 13 ) 1 million people. It is industrial, scientific, educational centre. It has many topographic points & # 8230 ; ( 14 ) involvement that are deserving seeing. You can get down & # 8230 ; ( 15 ) Glory Square and the memorial & # 8230 ; ( 16 ) the liberators & # 8230 ; ( 17 ) the metropolis & # 8230 ; ( 18 ) the Great Patriotic War.

Another really interesting topographic point is Komsomolskiy Island. & # 8230 ; ( 19 ) The 9th
century there was a Grecian monastery there which was visited & # 8230 ; ( 20 ) Several Grand Kievan Princes and Princess Olga & # 8230 ; ( 21 ) their manner & # 8230 ; ( 22 ) Visantium. Unfortunately it was ruined & # 8230 ; ( 23 ) 1240. Today the island is a popular leisure centre & # 8230 ; ( 24 ) the largest fresh H2O fish tank & # 8230 ; ( 25 ) Europe.

Using all this exercises, trials, quizzes the instructor can change the lessons, do them interesting, utile, friendful. The instructor can alter the signifiers of work & # 8211 ; listening, reading, unwritten address, composing. Every minute of the lessons must be thought over carefully. Let & # 8217 ; s travel to the lesson in the 10th
signifier.

Talking

1.Match the sentence

Kiev is one of the most ancient metropoliss of Europe
Kiev is situated Of approximately 3 million people
Kiev has a population On the Bankss of the Dnieper
The metropolis is green with chestnut trees
The streets are lined up and beautiful
It is the scientific, By three brothers & # 8211 ; Kyi, Schek, Rhoriv and sister Lybid
Harmonizing to the fable Kiev was founded specialising in electronics, air power, nutrient, chemical production
It & # 8217 ; s a major industrial centre that includes 2000 old ages ago

2. Game. Name the topographic point of involvement by its description

1. It & # 8217 ; s the chief street of Kiev. The most cherished pieces of architecture have been presented here. Old houses are combined with modern edifices of stores and coffeehouse glaring in the eventide with bright visible radiation. ( Khreschatik )

2. It & # 8217 ; s a traditionally Slavonic six-column church crowned by seven cupolas ( St. Volodimir Cathedral )

3. A really celebrated university ( Kiev National University )

4. Classical Ukrainian operas such as Lysenko & # 8220 ; Taras Bulba & # 8221 ; are performed here ( Taras Shevchenko National Opera Theatre of Ukraine )

5. the 17 storey hotel built in 1970 named after the really celebrated sister ( Lybid )

3. The church built in 1037 by Prince Yaroslav the Wise to laud wisdom of Christianity ( Sophia in Greek means & # 8220 ; wisdom & # 8221 ; . The St. Sophia Cathedral )

4. Make up the narrative about Kiev. Here is the illustration of the narrative:

1 Kiev is the capital of Ukraine. It is more than 2000 old ages old. It is situated on the bank of the Dnieper. Celebrated topographic points are: St. Sophia Cathedral, Kiev & # 8211 ; Pechersk Lavra, Golden Gates, Volodimir Cathedral, Andriyivska Church, Khreschatik Street, Andriyivskiy Spusk, Shevchenko Boulevard.

2 Describe the image of the Ukrainian Arts Museum, utilizing the necessary words:

glorious edifices, architecture manner, a wide stairway, frontage, slender column, monstrous rock figure, tent-shaped roof, portal.

Here is the illustration of description:

The cultural life of our capital is rich and graphic. There are a batch of museums in it, among them the Ukrainian Fine Arts Museum. It occupies a great glorious edifice. We are impressed by its architecture manner. The edifice has a wide stairway taking up to the portal. The fa & # 231 ; fruit drink is decorated with slender columns and grotesque rock figures near the museum you can see many people. They are visitants of the museum.

5 Game & # 8220 ; A unit of ammunition Kiev circuit & # 8221 ;

The category is broken up into groups. Every group is given a undertaking to fix an jaunt, utilizing some images of Kiev. Particular extra stuff is prepared: & # 8220 ; keepsakes for ushers from grateful tourers & # 8221 ; .

6 Make up duologues & # 8220 ; In the metropolis & # 8221 ; , use the necessary words: Is this the right manner to & # 8230 ; ? , Where is the nearest & # 8230 ; ? , Thanks. Thanks a batch. Turn to the right. ( left ) Take the 1st
( 2nd
) turning on the right. Travel consecutive! I & # 8217 ; m sorry. I don & # 8217 ; T know.

7 Make up inquiries utilizing the following tabular array

What

Is

are

the district of Ukraine?
the population of Ukraine?
the highest organic structure of province power?
the accomplishments of Ukrainian scientists?
The chief river of Ukraine?
Is Kiev An industrial, scientific, centre of Ukraine?
the capital of Ukraine?
the place of the Supreme Council?
the place of the Cabinet of Ministers?
one of the most ancient metropoliss?
celebrated for its beauty?
located on the picturesque Bankss of the Dnieper river?

12. Guess

Match the topographic points at the exposure with the names.

For example:1 ) Volodimir Hill

2 ) Memorial to Taras Shevchenko

3 ) Khreschatik

4 ) the Golden Gate

13 Find a spouse

Write the undermentioned words on separate pieces of paper. Put them face down and tangle. Take one. Now find your spouse to do up a word & # 8211 ; combination. Write it on the chalkboard. Make up a sentence with your word-combinations.

Key

: ailment bosom, heroic battle, province sovereignty, existent Courage, defend native land, proclaim sovereignty, licking enemy

13. Answer the undermentioned inquiries about your feelings, associations and memories of Kharkiv.

1. Were you born in Kharkiv and do you see yourself a native citizen of Kharkiv

2. Did any of your ascendants live here?

3. Are you interested in the yesteryear of your native metropolis?

4. Make you believe it & # 8217 ; s wise to pass money on the Reconstruction of old edifices or it would be better to construct new houses with this money?

5. There are a batch of beautiful edifices in Kharkiv. Do you hold a front-runner among them?

6. Are at that place any topographic points of involvement, which are deserving to be proud of?

Vocabulary

8 Complete the undermentioned sentences:

1. Ukrayina has its ain district, higher and local organic structures of & # 8230 ; .

2. The geographical place of Ukraine is really favorable to the & # 8230 ; .

3. The population of Ukraine is & # 8230 ; .

4. The Declaration of Ukrainian Independence was & # 8230 ; .

5. The Dnieper, the Dnister, the Bug are the major & # 8230 ;

6. Ukrayina is rich in & # 8230 ; .

10.Give equivalent word to the words in bold type

1. You can see here ancient memorials and modern new constructions.

2. There are a batch of museums, topographic points and memorials to see
at that place.

3. Kiev is a well-known
industrial Centre

4. The chief river in Ukraine is the Dnieper River, which divides
it into to parts.

5. The province of Kiev Rus situated on the district of present Ukraine was set up in the 9th
century.

Example of the lesson on the subject Example of the lesson on the subject
The metropolis and the small town The metropolis and the small town
Practical purpose: to larn new words, to better wonts of reading, composing and listening. Practical purpose: to larn new words, to better wonts of reading, composing and listening.

General instruction purpose:
to enrich cognition of students about life of people in the metropolis and in the town.

Developing purpose:
to excite speech activity of students

Educational purpose:
all the students must be proud of their place of birth.

Ocular AIDSs:
Pictures of the metropoliss, small towns, the text & # 8220 ; Populating in the metropolis & # 8221 ; , Match the words.

The process of the lesson

1.Purpose
.

You know rather a batch about our state from your Geography and History lessons. Today we & # 8217 ; ll talk about life of people in the small town and in the metropolis, about its advantages and disadvantages.

2.Warm – up

Expression at the chalkboard and replace the words underlined with one of the followers.

In malice of Professionals and cons
Another point is that One advantage is that
All things considered For case
To sup up In my sentiment
One disadvantage is that Particularly
Furthermore Finally

3.Language work ( Speech pattern )

1.Do you live in a town or in a metropolis?

2.Do you like your native metropolis ( town ) ?

3.What are advantages of life in a small town?

4.What are advantages of life in a metropolis?

5.What are disadvantages of life in a metropolis?

4.Reading

Read the text & # 8220 ; Populating in the metropolis & # 8221 ; utilizing the words on the chalkboard

Learning of the new words

On the plus side 1 ) reading of new words
For illustration 2 ) doing up sentences with them
All in all
For one thing
Practically
Cheap adjustment
Last of all
In decision
To appeal to smb

6 ) Reading and translating of the text

7 ) Answer the inquiries

1. There are three paragraphs in the text. What is the intent of each one?

2. Name the advantages.

3. What are disadvantages of life in a metropolis?

4. Give your ain sentiment.

8 )Write unsmooth notes about the pros and cons of life in a state utilizing the tabular array:

Advantages of life in a metropolis Advantages of life in a state

9 ) Speaking pattern. I & # 8217 ; ve brought you some exposures of metropoliss and small towns. Look attentively at them and state where you would wish unrecorded and why? Use as many new looks as you can
.

Support

10 )Choose the right point

1.Populating in town you can

a ) discovery work

B ) work in your ain kitchen-garden

degree Celsius ) sunbathe

2Populating in the state you have

a ) a broad pick of conveyance

B ) much free clip

degree Celsius ) opportunity to travel for a walk in fresh air

3 )The metropolis life is for

a ) old people

B ) immature people

degree Celsiuss ) all the people

4 )I & # 8217 ; vitamin Ds like to populate in a metropolis, because

a ) I was born here

B ) City life is full of hustle

degree Celsius ) I can see topographic points of involvement, museums

11Match the adjectives with nouns

bottomlesscrowdedpebblydeep

sandysleepboregrassy

1. beach

2. lake

3. hillside

12. Summarizing of the lesson

It & # 8217 ; s really existent subject, we have discussed today. It & # 8217 ; s merely for you to make up one’s mind whether you will populate and work in a state or in a metropolis. It depends on your character, on your future profession and other fortunes.

H/t. compose a composing ( 250 words ) & # 8220 ; I & # 8217 ; vitamin Ds like to populate in & # 8230 ; & # 8221 ;

IV.
Decision

So we have chosen the stuff on the subject & # 8220 ; Towns and Places & # 8221 ; for the 10th
signifier. We attained our purpose, holding selected an interesting and utile stuff for this subject, which is favourable for lessons. The instructor can demo different exposures, images, and drawings. Students can pull the program of the metropolis and demo the chief topographic points of involvement. Due to trials texts they learn much about the history of the metropoliss, chief historical memorials and other topographic points of involvement. Using grammar exercisings, pupils revise grammar regulations and at the same time larn about the life in town. Texts for reading and discoursing hold to be interesting, incorporating much new information.

We tried to cover in our research paper all facets of the lesson, such as reading, composing, listening, speech production, vocabulary and grammar.

The selected stuff corresponds to the school course of study of the 10th
signifier and can be used on the lessons.

While composing this research paper I used different Oxford, Longman, Collins ELT editions such as: How to learn English, New Headway, Blueprint, The Choice.

Literature

1.Compact: Intermediate: instructor & # 8217 ; s Book / Doug Young, Madeline McHugh. & # 8211 ; Collins ELT, 1991, -80 P.

2.Grammar in pattern / Jennifer Seidi. & # 8211 ; Oxford University Press, 1992. – 38 P.

3.How to learn English / Jeremy Harmer. & # 8211 ; Addison Wesley Longman Limited, 1998. & # 8211 ; 198 P.

4.New Headway: Intermediate: Student & # 8217 ; s book / Liz and John Soars. – Oxford University Press, 1996 & # 8211 ; 115 P.

5.English scholar & # 8217 ; s digest: Article & # 8220 ; Scotland & # 8221 ; – & # 8470 ; 22, November, 2001 p2

6.Penguin Basic English grammar/ James O & # 8217 ; Drisoll. – Penguin English, 1988. & # 8211 ; 128 P.

7.Talking in braces: Intermediate: / Tanya Bastow and Ceri Jones. Oxford University Press, 1995. & # 8211 ; 80 P.

8. & # 1059 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1081 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1079 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1072 ; 10 & # 1082 ; & # 1083 ; / & # 1053 ; . & # 1052 ; . & # 1057 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 8211 ; & # 1042 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1096 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1096 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1072 ; , & # 1052 ; . , 1992

9.Your Guide in English: English trials / Completed by L. Panchenko. & # 8211 ; & # 171 ; & # 1064 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1093 ; & # 187 ; , & # 1051 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1082 ; , 2001. & # 8211 ; 60 & # 1088 ; .

10. Speak English With Pleasure / & # 1053 ; . & # 1042 ; . & # 1058 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1072 ; , & # 1045 ; . & # 1050 ; . & # 1052 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; , & # 1058 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1076 ; 2000 & # 8211 ; 430 & # 1088 ; .

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